This set of Biology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Living World – Nomenclature”.
1. Binomial nomenclature of Potato is _________
a) Solanum tuberosum
b) Ipomoea batatas
c) Phaseolus vulgaris
d) Daucus carota subsp. sativus
Explanation: Solanum tuberosum (Potato) (Species: Tuberosum; Genus: Solanum); Ipomoea batatas (Sweet potato) (Species: Batatas; Genus: Ipomoea); Phaseolus vulgaris (Beans) (Species: Vulgaris; Genus: Phaseolus); Daucus carota subsp. Sativus (Carrot) (Species: Carota; Genus: Daucus).
2. Panthera Pardus is the binomial nomenclature of leopard.
Explanation: Binomial nomenclature of any organism contains of two parts namely specific epithet and generic epithet. A generic epithet starts with a capital letter and a specific epithet should start with a small letter with both of them being separated by a gap. A binomial nomenclature should be written in italics. But here it is not written in italics and the starting letter in pardus is written in capitals. The binomial nomenclature of leopard is Panthera pardus.
3. The binomial nomenclature of peacock is _________
a) Pavo cristatus
b) Corvus corone
c) Haliaeetus leucocephalus
d) Barnardius zonarius
Explanation: Pavo cristatus (Peacock) (Species: Cristatus; Genus: Pavo); Corvus corone (Crow) (Species: Corone; Genus: Corvus); Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald eagle) (Species: Leucocephalus; Genus: Haliaeetus); Barnardius zonarius (Australian ring necked parrot) (Species: Zonarius; Genus: Barnardius).
4. Pick the incorrect statement.
a) Binomial nomenclature has two parts namely generic epithet and specific epithet and also some descriptive information along with them
b) Binomial nomenclature helps you to identify the relationship between animals
c) The rules for binomial nomenclature are set by IUCN
d) Binomial nomenclature is introduced in order to avoid ambiguity that is arises due to different names for a same animal in different languages
Explanation: The rules for binomial nomenclature for animals are set by International Union for Zoological Nomenclature (IUZN) and for plants by International Union for Botanical Nomenclature (IUBN). Binomial nomenclature has two parts namely generic epithet and specific epithet written in italics. Sometimes it might also contain description regarding the scientist. It helps you to track the evolutionary relationships of organisms.
5. Binomial nomenclature of Wheat is _________
a) Tritica aestivum
b) Musca domestica
c) Oryza sativa
d) Glycine max
Explanation: Tritica aestivum (Wheat) (Species: Aestivum; Genus: Tritica); Musca domestica (House fly) (Species: Domestica; Genus: Musca); Oryza sativa (Rice) (Species: Sativa; Genus: Oryza); Glycine max (Soybean) (Species: Max; Genus: Glycine). It’s necessary that binomial nomenclature is written in italics with generic epithet starting with capital letter and specific epithet written in small letter.
6. Which among the following is not a rule for writing binomial nomenclature?
a) The generic epithet should start with capital letter and specific epithet should start with small letter with a hyphen separating them
b) All the words in the binomial nomenclature should either be Latinized or should be derived from Latin
c) Binomial nomenclature may contain description about the organism
d) The first part of the binomial nomenclature contains the generic name and the second part contains the specific epithet
Explanation: The generic epithet should start with capital letter and specific epithet should start with small letter with a gap separating them. Nomenclature should be either derived from Latin or should be Latinized. It may also contain description about the organism like the name of the scientist who has done major works related to that organism.
7. Felis catus is the scientific name of __________
Explanation: Cat (Felis catus) (Species: Catus; Genus: Felis); Dog (Canis lupus familaris) (Species: Lupus; Genus: Canis); Cow (Bos taurus) (Species: Taurus; Genus: Bos); Lion (Panthera Leo) (Species: Leo; Genus: Panthera). Cat belongs to the family called Felicae which comprises of cat, lion, tiger and leopard.
8. Magnifera Indica belongs to the family ________
Explanation: Magnifera Indica belongs to the family Anacardiacae. It belongs to the species M.Indica and genus Magnifera. It comes under the class of Sapindales and order of Dicotyledonae. It comes under the phylum of Angiosperms of Plant kingdom.
9. Homo sapiens belong to the genus ________
Explanation: Since the first word in a binomial nomenclature refers to the generic epithet and the second word to generic epithet, here Homo becomes the genus and Sapiens will be the genus. Homo sapiens belong to the family Homindae and class Mammalia.
10. Canis auerus belongs to the family _______
Explanation: Canis auerus (Jackal) (Species: Auerus; Genus: Canis); Canis lupus (Wolf) (Species: Lupus; Genus: Canis); Canis lupus familaris (Dog) (Species: Lupus Familaris; Genus: Canis) and Vulpes vulpes (Fox) (Species: Vulpes; Genus: Vulpes) belong to the family Canidae.
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