Physics Questions and Answers – Class 12

Physics Class 12 Multiple Choice Questions and Answers MCQs
Our 1000+ multiple choice questions and answers (MCQs) on "Physics - Class 12" (along with 1000+ MCQs on "Physics - Class 11") focus on all areas of Physics covering 200+ topics. One can read MCQs on Physics Class - 11 here. These topics are chosen from a collection of the most authoritative and best reference books on Physics. One should spend 1 hour daily practicing these MCQs for 2-3 months to learn and assimilate Physics subject comprehensively. This way of systematic learning will prepare anyone easily for Physics - Class 12 exams, contests, online tests, quizzes, MCQ-tests, viva-voce, interviews, and certifications.

Physics - Class 12 Multiple Choice Questions Highlights

- 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) in Physics - Class 12 with a detailed explanation of every question.
- These MCQs are organized chapterwise and each Chapter is futher organized topicwise.
- Every MCQ set focuses on a specific topic of a given Chapter in Physics - Class 12 Subject.

Who should Practice Physics - Class 12 MCQs?

– Students who are preparing for various school tests such as unit-tests, term-tests, semester tests, half-yearly and yearly tests and examinations on Physics - Class 12.
- Students who are preparing for Online/Offline Tests/Contests in Physics for class 12.
– Students who wish to sharpen their knowledge of Physics.
– Students who are studying in CBSE, ICSE, IGCSE schools as well as various State Board schools.
– Students who are preparing for competitive examinations such as NTSE, Olympiad, etc for class 12.
– Students who are preparing for Central board examinations in Physics namely CBSE, ICSE, and NIOS Board.
– Students who are preparing for State board examinations in Physics such as PUC, Intermediate exams, etc.
– Students who are preparing for engineering and medical entrance examinations like NEET, IIT JEE, AIIMS, JIPMER & SAT Exams in Physics.

Physics - Class 12 Chapters

Here's the list of chapters on the "Physics - Class 12" subject covering 100+ topics. You can practice the MCQs chapter by chapter starting from the 1st chapter or you can jump to any chapter of your choice.

1. Charges and Fields

The section contains multiple choice questions and answers on electric charges and its basic properties, conductors, insulators, induction charging, coulombs law, electric field, electric flux, electric field lines, electric dipole, continuous charge distribution, gauss law and its applications.

  • Electric Charges
  • Conductors and Insulators
  • Charging by Induction
  • Basic Properties of Electric Charge
  • Coulomb’s Law
  • Forces Between Multiple Charges
  • Electric Field
  • Electric Field Lines
  • Electric Flux
  • Electric Dipole
  • Dipole in a Uniform External Field
  • Continuous Charge Distribution
  • Gauss’s Law
  • Application of Gauss’s Law
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    2. Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

    The section contains questions and answers on electrostatic potential, potential due to point charge and electric dipole, equipotential surfaces, potential energy in external field, conductors electrostatics, dielectrics, polarisation, capacitors, capacitance, parallel plate capacitor, dielectric capacitance effects, capacitors combination and van de graff generator.

  • Electrostatic Potential
  • Potential due to a Point Charge
  • Potential due to an Electric Dipole
  • Potential due to a System of Charges
  • Equipotential Surfaces
  • Potential Energy of a System of Charges
  • Potential Energy in an External Field
  • Electrostatics of Conductors
  • Dielectrics and Polarisation
  • Capacitors and Capacitance
  • Parallel Plate Capacitor
  • Effect of Dielectric on Capacitance
  • Combination of Capacitors
  • Energy Stored in a Capacitor
  • Van de Graff Generator
  • 3. Current Electricity

    The section contains MCQs on electric current, ohms law and its limitations, electrons drift and resistivity origin, various materials resistivity, electrical energy and power, resistivity temperature dependence, resistors combination, cells, emf and internal resistance, kirchoffs law, potentiometer, wheatstone and meter bridges.

  • Electric Current
  • Electric Currents in Conductors
  • Ohm’s Law
  • Drift of Electrons and the Origin of Resistivity
  • Limitations of Ohm’s Law
  • Resistivity of Various Materials
  • Temperature Dependence of Resistivity
  • Electrical Energy & Power
  • Combination of Resistors – Series and Parallel
  • Cells, Emf and Internal Resistance
  • Cells in Series and in Parallel
  • Kirchoff’s Law
  • Wheatstone Bridge
  • Meter Bridge
  • Potentiometer
  • 4. Moving Charges and Magnetism

    The section contains multiple choice questions and answers on magnetic force, magnetic field motion, electric and magnetic field motion, biot savart law, amperes circuital law, solenoid and toroid, two parallel currents forces, moving coil galvanometer, current loop and magnetic dipole torque.

  • Magnetic Force
  • Motion in a Magnetic Field
  • Motion in Combined Electric and Magnetic Field
  • Magnetic Field due to a Current Element & Biot-Savart Law
  • Magnetic Field on the Axis of a Circular Current Loop
  • Ampere’s Circuital Law
  • Solenoid and Toroid
  • Ampere and Forces between Two Parallel Currents
  • Torque on Current Loop & Magnetic Dipole
  • Moving Coil Galvanometer
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    5. Magnetism and Matter

    The section contains questions and answers on bar magnet, magnetism and gauss law, earth magnetism, magnetisation, magnetic intensity, materials magnetic properties, permanent magnets and electromagnets.

  • Bar Magnet
  • Magnetism and Gauss’s Law
  • Earth’s Magnetism
  • Magnetisation and Magnetic Intensity
  • Magnetic Properties of Materials
  • Permanent Magnets and Electromagnets
  • 6. Electromagnetic Induction

    The section contains MCQs on faraday and henry experiments, magnetic flux, induction faradays law, lenz law, energy conservation, motional electromotive force, energy consideration quantitative study, eddy currents and inductance.

  • Faraday and Henry Experiments
  • Magnetic Flux
  • Faraday’s Law of Induction
  • Lenz’s Law and Conservation of Energy
  • Motional Electromotive Force
  • Energy Consideration : A Quantitative Study
  • Eddy Currents
  • Inductance
  • 7. Alternating Current

    The section contains multiple choice questions and answers on ac generator, ac voltage applied to resistor, inductor and capacitor, phasors, ac circuit power, lc oscillations, transformers and displacement current.

  • AC Generator
  • AC Voltage Applied to a Resistor
  • Representation of AC Current and Voltage by Rotating Vectors – Phasors
  • AC Voltage Applied to an Inductor
  • AC Voltage Applied to a Capacitor
  • AC Voltage Applied to a Series LCR Circuit
  • Power in AC Circuit : The Power Factor
  • LC Oscillations
  • Transformers
  • Displacement Current
  • 8. Electromagnetic Waves

    The section contains questions and answers on electromagnetic waves and spectrum.

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  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Electromagnetic Spectrum
  • 9. Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

    The section contains MCQs on light reflection using spherical mirrors, refraction, total internal reflection, refraction through prism and lenses, natural phenomena due to sunlight and optical instruments.

  • Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors
  • Refraction
  • Total Internal Reflection
  • Refraction at Spherical Surfaces and by Lenses
  • Refraction through a Prism
  • Some Natural Phenomena due to Sunlight
  • Optical Instruments
  • 10. Wave Optics

    The section contains multiple choice questions and answers on huygens principle, plane refraction and reflection using huygens principle, coherent and incoherent addition of waves, light waves interference and youngs experiment, diffraction and polarisation.

  • Huygen’s Principle
  • Refraction and Reflection of Plane Waves Using Huygen’s Principle
  • Coherent and Incoherent Addition of Waves
  • Interference of Light Waves and Young’s Experiment
  • Diffraction
  • Polarisation
  • 11. Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

    The section contains questions and answers on electron emission, photoelectric effect and its experimental studies, light photoelectric and wave theories, einstein photoelectric equations, photon, matter wave nature, davisson and germer experiments.

  • Electron Emission
  • Photoelectric Effect
  • Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect
  • Photoelectric Theory and Wave Theory of Light
  • Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation : Energy Quantum of Radiation
  • Particle Nature of Light : The Photon
  • Wave Nature of Matter
  • Davisson and Germer Experiment
  • 12. Atoms

    The section contains MCQs on alpha particle scattering and rutherford nuclear model of atom, atomic spectra, bohr model, hydrogen atom line spectra and de broglie explanation of quantisation.

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  • Alpha-Particle Scattering and Rutherford’s Nuclear Model of Atom
  • Atomic Spectra
  • Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom
  • The Line Spectra of the Hydrogen Atom
  • DE Broglie’s Explanation of Bohr’s Second Postulate of Quantisation
  • 13. Nucleus

    The section contains multiple choice questions and answers on atomic masses, nucleus composition and size, nuclear force, radioactivity and nuclear energy.

  • Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus
  • Size of the Nucleus
  • Nuclear Force
  • Radioactivity
  • Nuclear Energy
  • 14. Semiconductor Electronics : Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

    The section contains questions and answers on metals, conductors and semiconductors classification, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductor, p-n junction, semiconductor diode, junction diode application, junction transistor, integrated circuits, digital electronics and logic gates.

  • Classification of Metals, Conductors and Semiconductors
  • Intrinsic Semiconductor
  • Extrinsic Semiconductor
  • p-n Junction
  • Semiconductor Diode
  • Application of Junction Diode as a Rectifier
  • Special Purpose p-n Junction Diodes
  • Junction Transistor
  • Digital Electronics and Logic Gates
  • Integrated Circuits
  • 15. Communication Systems

    The section contains MCQs on communication system elements, electronic communication system basic terminology, signals and transmission medium bandwidth, electromagnetic waves propagation, modulation and its necessity, amplitude modulation, amplitude modulated wave production and detection.

  • Elements of a Communication System
  • Basic Terminology used in Electronic Communication Systems
  • Bandwidth of Signals
  • Bandwidth of Transmission Medium
  • Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves
  • Modulation and its Necessity
  • Amplitude Modulation
  • Production of Amplitude Modulated Wave
  • Detection of Amplitude Modulated Waves
  • If you would like to learn "Physics - Class 12" thoroughly, you should attempt to work on the complete set of 1000+ MCQs - multiple choice questions and answers mentioned above. It will immensely help anyone trying to crack an exam or an interview.

    Wish you the best in your endeavor to learn and master Physics - Class 12!

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    Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer & SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals & Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him @ LinkedIn | Instagram | Facebook | Twitter