This set of Construction and Building Materials Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Climate and its Effects”.
1. Burnings sun, fixed seasons and rainfall which is heavy, moderate and with storm are the typical features of _______
a) Cancer zone
b) Capricom zone
c) Torrid zone
d) Tropical zone
Explanation: The area on earth which lies between the zone of cancer and Capricom is known as the tropics. Whole part of India is considered to be typically tropical climate.
2. The tropical climate which consists of heat waves hot winds and low humidity comes under which climatic conditions?
Explanation: Hot-dry places are cool in winter. The maximum day temperature in summer will be about 27°C to 42°C and the night temperature will be moderate say about 15°C to 25°C.
3. Which city of Maharashtra experiences Hot-dry climatic conditions.
Explanation: Ahmedabad, Nagpur and similar other places situated away from the coastal regions are the typical example of experiencing hot dry climate. These regions are famous for highest temperature records in India during summer season.
4. Which type of climate consists of high humidity throughout the year and even in the dry season with variations in day and night temperatures.
a) Hot wet
b) Hot dry
c) Cool dry
Explanation: The temperature ranges in hot season and cold season or 25°C to 30°C and 10°C to 22°C respectively. Bombay which is situated near the sea is a typical example of experiencing hot wet or humid climate.
5. The data regarding temperature, moisture, timings of sunset and sunrise and direction of wind are collected and preserved by ____________
a) Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi
b) Meteorological Department of the Ministry of Commerce, Govt. of India
c) Indian Institute of Weather Forecasting and Research Centre
d) National Institute of Technology
Explanation: Meteorological Department of the Ministry of Commerce, Govt. of India works throughout the year and records every data possible. They predict the future climatic conditions by comparing the past records of 10 to 15 years. This department has recognised the following four seasons of the year: Cool-dry, Hot-dry season, General Rainy season, Season of the Retreating South-West Monsoon.
6. From the given climatic conditions which have its worst effects on the building structure in India.
a) Dust storm
c) Heavy rain
d) Hot summer days
Explanation: Every year due to heavy rain huge destruction of building materials takes place. Mumbai itself invests more than Rs.10000 crore maintenance and repair of buildings.
7. Which building material have high Seismic resistance and flexibility of nailed joints.
Explanation: As long has materials and workmanship are of good quality, timber structures can perform very well in an earthquake. A wooden frame is usually considered to have medium to low vulnerability towards earthquake.
8. Pyramids are the best example of ______
a) Flood Resisting structure
b) Dust storm Resisting structure
c) Insulating structure
d) Earthquake resisting structure
Explanation: Triangle is the most stable geometric structure. Hence, the pyramids are very well designed and can sustain for long periods. Along with durability, these structures can withstand severe weather conditions like earthquake.
9. Which is the most important advanced technique of earthquake resistant design and construction?
a) Flexible steel form
b) Reinforced concrete
c) Base Isolation
d) Steel strengthening Treatment
Explanation: Along with energy dissipation devices, Base Isolation technique is most advanced which isolates the structure by a series of bearing pads. This bearing pads absorbs maximum shocks develop due to seismic activity.
10. The temperature at the _______ is the highest and it is lowest at the ______
a) longitude, latitude
b) poles, equator
c) north, south
d) equator, poles
Explanation: India is in the Tropics zone and hence there is a temperature gradient from equator to poles and depending upon the latitude of the locality, its temperature range can be decided.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Construction and Building Materials.
To practice all areas of Construction and Building Materials, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.