# Building Construction Questions and Answers – Location of Doors and Windows

This set of Building Construction Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Location of Doors and Windows”.

1. Which of the following is not a function of a window?
a) To admit light into the building
b) To admit air to the building
c) To admit water to the building
d) To provide thermal insulation

Explanation: A window serves many functional purposes. It is used to allow in light and air in a building. It is also used to provide thermal insulation to the building. In some cases, it may provide sound insulation as well.

2. A window should be located on the __________ side of a room as seen from the point of view of fresh air.
a) Eastern
b) Northern
c) Western
d) Southern

Explanation: A window should be located on the northern side of a room as seen from the point of fresh air. This would let the fresh air inside the building and will provide good ventilation.

3. A door should not be located in the centre of a wall.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: A door should not be located in the centre of a wall. It should be located in such a way that it meets the functional necessities of the room. It should be located near the corner of the room.

4. Which of the following factors does not determine the selection of the location of a window?
a) Size of the room
b) Location of the room
c) Number of bricks used
d) Direction of wind

Explanation: There are various factors that are used to determine the selection of the location of a window. These include the size of the room, the location of the room, the utility of the room and the direction of the wind.

5. Which of the following rules is used in order to select the location of a window?
a) Height of window = 1/8 (width of room + breadth of room)
b) Breadth of window = 1/8 (width of room + height of room)
c) Length of window = 1/8 (width of room + breadth of room)
d) Width of window = 1/8 (height of room + breadth of room)

Explanation: While selecting the location of a window, it should be kept in mind that the breadth of the window must be equal to one-eighth the sum of width of the room and the height of the room. This results in achieving better ventilation.
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6. The minimum area of windows should be __________ of the floor area in case of public buildings.
a) 10%
b) 15%
c) 20%
d) 25%

Explanation: The minimum area of windows should be 20% of the floor area in case of public buildings. Climatic conditions such as humidity and temperature are also taken into account while considering the selection of location of a window in a public building.

7. The length of a module as recommended by Indian Standard is __________
a) 100 mm
b) 100 cm
c) 10 mm
d) 50 mm

Explanation: According to the Indian Standard, number of modules indicates the width and height of an opening. The recommended length of a module is 100 mm.

8. In the designation 6 WS 12, the letter S stands for __________
a) Window opening
b) Single shutter
c) Double shutter
d) Height of opening

Explanation: The designation 6 WS 12 denotes a window opening with single shutter where the letter W stands for window opening and the letter S stands for a single shutter. It tells that the width of the opening is 6 modules and height is 12 modules.

9. In the designation 10 WT 13, letter T stands for _________
a) Double shutter
b) Single shutter
c) Window opening
d) Height of opening

Explanation: In the designation 10 WT 13, the letter W stands for window opening and the letter T stands for double shutters. It tells that the width of the opening is 10 modules and height is 13 modules.

10. The panels are fully glazed in a __________ window.
a) Sliding window
b) Sash window
c) Double hung window
d) Fixed window

Explanation: The panels are fully glazed in a sash window. It is a type of casement window. It consists of sash bars to which glass panes are fixed by means of glazing beads.

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