This set of Construction and Building Materials Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Plinth”.
1. The part of the building above the ground level and up to the floor level immediately above the ground is known as __________
a) Plinth area
b) Formation level
c) Ground level
Explanation: Plinth is therefore defined as the portion of the structure between the surface of the surrounding ground and surface of the floor, immediately above the ground. Plinth is an important component of building which prevents crawling animals, water and other insects from coming inside the building.
2. The built up area measured and the plinth level is known as __________
a) Total area
b) Plinth area
c) Plot area
d) Floor area
Explanation: Plinth area is nothing but the build-up covered area measured at the floor level.
3. What should be the average height of plinth.
a) 300-500 m
b) 1-2 m
c) 300-450 mm
d) 50-100 mm
Explanation: Generally the plinth level is provided at about 300 to 400 mm above finished ground level. It is suggested that plinth level should be decided by considering the top level of the ground and hence considering the level.
4. In a market area, the plinth area should not exceed ____ of the area of site.
Explanation: As per regulations, the plinth area should not exceed 75% of the area of commercial sites, provided sufficient off-street parking facilities for loading and unloading of vehicles are provided on the same plot as the building.
5. The ______ provides support to the occupants, furniture, fixtures and equipments of a building.
Explanation: Different floors divide the building in two different levels to provide more accommodation on a given plot of land. The floor of a building immediately above the ground is known as ground floor.
6. _________ is known as Substructure of the building.
Explanation: Superstructure is the part of the building constructed about the plinth level. Foundation, plinth, basement, ground level, etc. comes under Superstructure.
7. The height of the Plinth should not be less than ____
a) 45 cm
b) 20 cm
c) 1 m
d) 500 cm
Explanation: According to Indian Standards, the minimum height for the Plinth is 45 cm. The height of the plinth depends upon architectural elevation, ground level, highest flood level, etc.
8. The portion below the plinth level is known as ______
a) Plinth area
d) Formation level
Explanation: Substructure or foundation is the lower portion of the building which lies below the plinth level. Substructure transmits the loads of the superstructure to the supporting soil.
9. Foundations are more susceptible to ______
Explanation: Settlements is most commonly seen in foundation which are within the permissible limits, without causing cracks in the superstructure and soil does not fail in shear.
10. The word Plinth is derived from _____
Explanation: In architecture, a Plinth ( from Greek plinthos, “brick”) is the base or platform upon which a column, pedestal, statue, monument or structure rests.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Construction and Building Materials.
To practice all areas of Construction and Building Materials, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.