Engineering Drawing Questions and Answers – Drawing Tools and their Uses – 1

This set of Engineering Drawing Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Drawing Tools and their Uses – 1”.

1. How many battens will be there for a Drawing board?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4

Explanation: Generally drawing board has dimensions of 1000 x 1500, 700 x 1000, 500 x 700, 350 mm x 500 mm, and made of well-seasoned soft wood, so there would be no bending while life increases. And also if a size of drawing board increases widely then the board will be fabricated with another 1 or 2 battens.

2. The part that doesn’t belong to T-square is __________
a) Working edge
c) Stock
d) Ebony

Explanation: Working edge and Stock are parts of T- square those which make 90 degrees with each other, the blade is the long bar that exists in T-Square. Ebony is part of Drawing board in which T-square is fitted to draw lines.

3. The angle which we can’t make using a single Set-square is ________
a) 45o
b) 60o
c) 30o
d) 75o

Explanation: 45o can be drawn using 45o Set-square, and 30o, 60o can be drawn using 30o – 60o Set-square, but to draw 75o degrees we need both Set-squares. That is only if we keep 30o of set-square adjacent with 45o set-square we can get 75o. And also multiple angles can be achieved using protractor.

4. The angle which we can’t make using both the Set-squares is _____________
a) 15o
b) 105o
c) 165o
d) 125o

Explanation: 15o can be made by keeping 45o and 30o adjacent to each other on the line perpendicular to the line for which 15ois made. Likewise for 105o and 165o also if we just change the alignment with the required line it possible. But to make 125o there is no such combination available for Set-squares.

5. Small bow compass can draw circles less than _____ mm radius.
a) 25mm
b) 30mm
c) 35mm
d) 40mm

Explanation: A normal Small bow compass is capable of drawing circles less than the 25mm radius. This is because of the arrangement of a screw in between the legs of the compass. But any other normal compass can’t give us perfect circles whose radius is less than 25mm.
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6. Which is not the use of divider?
a) To divide curved or straight lines into the desired number of equal parts
b) To draw circles
c) To transfer dimensions from one part of the drawing to another part
d) To set-off given distances from the scale to the drawing

Explanation: Divider can be used for those purposes as mentioned in options. But we cannot use divider as a compass and even if we want the compass to be used as divider we can change the pencil part with needle attachment.

7. The cardboard scales are available in a set of _______ scales.
a) six
b) ten
c) eight
d) twelve

Explanation: The cardboard scales are available in a set of eight scales. They are designated from M1 to M8 which has scale of 1:1, 1:2.5, 1:10, 1:20, 1:50, 1:200, 1:300, 1:400, and 1:1000. These are standard scales used.

8. _________ is used to draw curves which are not circular.
a) Compass
b) Protractor
c) French curves
d) Pro circle

Explanation: French curves are used for drawing curves which can’t be drawn with a compass. A faint freehand curve is first drawn through the known points. Longest possible curves exactly coinciding with the freehand curve are then found out from the French curve. Finally, a neat continues curve is drawn with the aid of the French curve.

9. The areas of the two subsequent sizes of drawing sheet are in the ratio ____
a) 1:5
b) 1:4
c) 1:2
d) 1:10

Explanation: A successive format size (from A0 to A5) is obtained by halving along the length or doubling along the width. So the areas of the two subsequent sizes are in the ratio 1:2. Likewise in reverse order (from A5 to A0), the ratio will be 2:1.

10. The sizes from A0 to A5 increases.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: The sizes from A0 to A5 decreases, A5 (148 mm x 210 mm), A4 (210 mm x 297 mm), A3 (297 mm x 420 mm), etc. A successive format size is obtained by doubling along the width or halving along the length.

11. The increase in hardness is shown by the value of the figure put in front of the letter H, 2H, 3H, and 4H etc.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: Letters HB denote the medium grade where the increase in hardness is shown by the value of the figure put in front of the letter H, viz. 2H, 3H, and 4H etc. Similarly, the grade becomes softer according to letter B, 2B, 3B and 4B etc.

12. What is the next size of 210 mm x 297 mm in drawing papers?
a) 148 mm x 210 mm
b) 297 mm x 420 mm
c) 420 mm x 594 mm
d) 105 mm x 148 mm

Explanation: 210 mm x 297 mm is A4 size, next one is A3 (297 mm x 420 mm), which came doubling along the width. And the next size is obtained by doubling the width i.e. A2 (420 mm x 594mm) and so on.

13. The Grade becomes ______ according to the figure placed in front of the letter B, 2B, 3B, 4B etc.
a) harder
b) lighter
c) darker
d) softer

Explanation: The increase in hardness is shown by the value of the figure put in front of the letter H, 2H, 3H, and 4H etc. Similarly, the grade becomes softer according to the figure placed in front of the letter B, 2B, 3B, and 4B etc.

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