This set of Basic Civil Engineering Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Disaster Management and Planning”.
1. Disasters can be broadly termed as __________ types.
Explanation: Disasters can be accidental or intentional. Accidental disasters include natural disasters like tsunamis, hurricanes, floods, etc. Intentional are man-made disasters like, terrorism, bombing, etc.
2. The annual flood peaks in India are recorded in months of:
a) June, July
b) July, August
c) July, September
d) August, September
Explanation: Floods can occur during any part of the monsoon season. But, typically during months of August and September, flood peaks are recorded. On large rivers, it ranges between 60,000 and 80,000 m3/s.
3. Uttarakhand lies in zone ___________ of Earthquake prone areas.
Explanation: There are five zones of earthquake. Zone 5 covers areas with the highest risk (intensity of MSK 1x or greater). Zone 4 covers areas liable to MSK VIII, Zone 3 to MSK VII, Zone 2 to MSK VI or less. Zone 1 area is not there in India.
4. To measure flood variability, __________ is used widely.
Explanation: FFMI stands for Flash Flood Magnitude Index. It is the standard deviation of logarithms to the base of 10 of annual maximum series.
5. Disaster management deals with situation that occurs after the disaster.
Explanation: Disaster management is a broad term and it deals with a situation prior to, during and after the occurrence of a disaster.
6. How many elements of disaster management are there?
Explanation: There are six distinct sets of activities. These include risk management, loss management, control of events, equity of assistance, resource management and impact reduction.
7. Which of the below is an example of slow-onset disaster?
Explanation: Disasters can also be classified as rapid-onset and slow-onset. It is based on how long they last. Rapid-onset disasters are Earthquake, Tsunami and Cyclone.
8. How many phases of disaster response are there?
Explanation: These are the preparatory phase, warning phase, emergency phase, rehabilitation phase and reconstruction phase.
9. The first step in preparedness planning is:
a) Analysis of data collected
b) Determination of objectives
c) Development of implementing device
d) Determination of strategy
Explanation: There are six steps in preparedness planning for emergency response. The first step is to determine the objectives to be met within each affected sector.
10. Tsunami detectors are placed in sea at ____________ kms from shore.
Explanation: Coastal tidal gauges can detect tsunami closer to shore. It is placed at 50kms in the sea from shore. They are linked to land by submarine cables and give warning in time.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Basic Civil Engineering.
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