This set of Tricky Environment Management Questions and Answers focuses on “Disaster Management”.
1. How much of India’s coastline is vulnerable to disasters?
Explanation: India’s coastline is vulnerable close to 5,700km out of the 7,516km long coastline. This coastline is vulnerable to cyclones and tsunamis. 68% of its cultivable area is vulnerable to droughts and its hilly areas are at risk from landslides and avalanches.
2. How much percentage of the landmass is prone to earthquakes in India?
a) Around 58%
b) Around 60%
c) Around 63%
d) Around 65%
Explanation: Large amount of Indian landmass is prone to earthquakes. 58.5 percent of the landmass is prone to earthquakes. These earthquakes various from moderate to very high intensity depending of the intensity happened.
3. How many hectares of Indian land are prone to floods and river erosion?
a) Around 25 million hectares
b) Around 30 million hectares
c) Around 35 million hectares
d) Around 40 million hectares
Explanation: Over 40 million hectares which is almost 12 percent of land is prone to floods and river erosion. These floods and river erosion cause various disasters for the life f human beings and other organisms including vegetations.
4. When did National Disaster Management Authority formed?
Explanation: National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) was established through the Disaster Management Act enacted by the Government of India in May 30, 2005. The Prime Minister is the ex-officio chairperson.
5. Under which Ministry National Disaster Management Authority comes?
a) Ministry of Environment
b) Ministry of Foreign Affairs
c) Ministry of Pollution
d) Ministry of Home Affairs
Explanation: National Disaster Management Authority is an agency of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Primary purpose of National Disaster Management Authority is to coordinate response to the natural or manmade disaster.
6. Disaster Management refers to manage disaster response in the country.
Explanation: Disaster Management plays a very important role in India. India has been traditionally vulnerable to the natural disasters on the account of its unique geographical conditions. Earthquakes, floods, droughts and many more recurrent phenomena occur.
7. Who heads the National Crisis Management Committee?
a) Prime Minister
c) Cabinet Secretary
d) Ministry of Environment
Explanation: Cabinet Secretary, who is the highest executive officer, heads the National Crisis Management Committee. Secretaries of all the concerned Departments as well as organizations are the members of the Committee.
8. What is called for the manuals that identify the role of each officer in State for managing the natural disasters?
a) State Relief Manuals
b) State Environmental Protection Manuals
c) State Disaster Manuals
d) State Protection Manuals
Explanation: Each State Government has relief manuals which identify the role of each officer in the State for managing the natural disaster, such manuals are called as State Relief Manuals. These are reviewed and updated periodically.
9. Who released the first Disaster Management Plan of India?
a) H. D. Deve gowda
b) Atal Bihari Vajpayee
c) Manmohan Singh
d) Narendra Modi
Explanation: Narendra Modi released the first Disaster Management Plan of India on 1 June 2016. This plan seeks to provide a framework and direction to government agencies for prevention, mitigation and management of disasters.
10. When did the Disaster Management formed?
Explanation: The Disaster Management At was formed in 23 December 2005. The Disaster Management Act, 2005 has 11 chapters and 79 sections that extend to the whole India. The Act provides for the effective management of disasters.
11. When was Asian Disaster Preparedness Center established?
Explanation: Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) established in 1986 as a technical capacity building center. It I an independent regional non-profit organization that works to build the resilience of people and institutions to disaster and climate change impacts in Asia and Pacific.
12. Where is National Institute of Disaster Management located?
c) New Delhi
Explanation: National Institute of Disaster management is premier Institute for training and capacity development programs for managing natural disasters in India. It is constituted under an Act Of Parliament in 1995.
13. Where is International Tsunami Center located?
a) New York
Explanation: International Tsunami Center is located in Honolulu, United States. It was created in 1965 by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
14. When do we celebrate as International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction?
a) March 1
b) April 15
c) September 12
d) October 13
Explanation: Every year October 13 is celebrated as International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction. It was started in 1989, after a call by the United Nations General Assembly for a day to promote a global culture of risk-awareness and disaster reduction.
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