Basic Electrical Engineering Questions and Answers – Magnitude of the Generated or Induced EMF

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This set of Basic Electrical Engineering test focuses on “Magnitude of the Generated or Induced EMF”.

1. Which, among the following, is the formula for induced emf?
a) e=dϕ /dt
b) e=dt/dϕ
c) e=t*ϕ
d) e=t2ϕ
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: The formula for induced emf is e = dϕ /dt because the induced emf is the flux linkage per unit time.
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2. According to _________________ induced emf is equal to rate of change of magnetic flux.
a) Newton’s law
b) Lenz law
c) Faraday’s law
d) Coulomb’s law
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: According to Faraday law of electromagnetic induction, induced emf is equal to rate of change of magnetic flux.

3. The emf induced in a coil having N turns is?
a) e=ϕ/t
b) e=N*ϕ/t
c) e=N*ϕ*t
d) e=N2*ϕ*t
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: The emf induced in a coil having N turns is, e=N*ϕ/t. This is because, the emf in a single coil is the flux linkage per unit time, that is, phi/t. Hence the flux induced in N turns is N*ϕ/t.
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4. According to ____________________ induced emf oppose the cause due to which they are produced.
a) Newton’s law
b) Lenz law
c) Faraday’s law
d) Coulomb’s law
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: According to Lenz law, emf is induced in such a way that it opposes the cause due to which it is produced.

5. North pole induces __________
a) Clockwise current
b) Anti-clockwise current
c) Zero current
d) Infinite current
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: A north pole will always induce an anti-clockwise current whereas a south pole will always induce a clockwise current due to electromagnetic theory.
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6. What is the principle of the transformer?
a) Gauss law
b) Coulomb’s law
c) Electromagnetic induction
d) Ampere’s law
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: In transformer, flux in secondary coil change due to current in the primary coil and hence current get induced in secondary coil.

7. Voltage induced in secondary coil of transformer is given by__________________
a) NP*VP/NS
b) NS*VP/NP
c) (NP/VP)*NS
d) NP/(VP*NS)
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: In transformer, VP/VS = NP/NS
So, VS = NS*VP/NP.
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Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Basic Electrical Engineering.

To practice all areas of Basic Electrical Engineering for tests, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

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Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

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