# Basic Electrical Engineering Questions and Answers – Simple Parallel Circuits

This set of Basic Electrical Engineering Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Simple Parallel Circuits”.

1. From the given circuit, find the value of IR.

a) 0
b) V/I
c) V/R
d) Cannot be determined

Explanation: In the given circuit, the voltage across the resistor is the same as the source voltage as they are connected in parallel. The current in the resistor is IR hence IR=V/R.

2. What is the relation between IR and V in the following circuit?

a) IR leads V
b) IR lags V
c) IR and V are in phase
d) No relation

Explanation: In the following circuit IR and V are in phase because IR is the current in the resistor and the current in the resistor is always in phase with the voltage across it.

3. What is the expression for the current in the inductor from the following circuit?

a) V/I
b) V/XL
c) 0
d) Cannot be determined

Explanation: In the given circuit, the voltage across the inductor is the same as the source voltage as they are connected in parallel. The current in the inductor is IL hence IL=V/XL.

4. What is the phase relation between IL and V from the following circuit?

a) IL lags V
b) IL leads V
c) IL and V are in phase
d) No relation

Explanation: IL is the current across the inductor and we know that the current across the inductor always lags the voltage across it. Hence IL lags V.

5. Find the expression for the current I from the given circuit.

a) I=IC
b) I=IR
c) I=IC+IR
d) I=0

Explanation: I is the total current in the circuit. Since this is a parallel connection, the total current in the circuit is equal to the sum of the currents in each branch of the circuit. Hence I=IC+IR.
Note: Join free Sanfoundry classes at Telegram or Youtube

6. Find the total current if IC=2A and IR=5A.

a) 3A
b) -3A
c) 7A
d) 10A

Explanation: I is the total current in the circuit. Since this is a parallel connection, the total current in the circuit is equal to the sum of the currents in each branch of the circuit. Hence I=IC+IR.
I=2+5=7A.

7. Find the value of IR if I=10A and IC=8A.

a) 5A
b) 18A
c) 12A
d) 2A

Explanation: I is the total current in the circuit. Since this is a parallel connection, the total current in the circuit is equal to the sum of the currents in each branch of the circuit. Hence I=IC+IR.
10=8+IR => IR=2A.

8. Find the value of IL if IC=10A and IR=6A.

a) 4A
b) 18A
c) 12A
d) 2A

Explanation: I is the total current in the circuit. Since this is a parallel connection, the total current in the circuit is equal to the sum of the currents in each branch of the circuit. Hence I=IC+IR.
10=IC+6 => IC=4A.

9. What is the expression for the current in the capacitor from the following circuit?

a) V/C
b) V/I
c) 0
d) V/XC

Explanation: In the given circuit, the voltage across the capacitor is the same as the source voltage as they are connected in parallel. The current in the capacitor is IC hence IC=V/XC.

10. What is the phase relation between IC and V from the following circuit?

a) IC lags V
b) IC leads V
c) IC and V are in phase
d) No relation

Explanation: IC is the current across the capacitor and we know that the current across the capacitor always leads the voltage across it. Hence IC leads V.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Basic Electrical Engineering.

To practice all areas of Basic Electrical Engineering, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

If you find a mistake in question / option / answer, kindly take a screenshot and email to [email protected]