Sentence Formation Questions and Answers – Set 2

This set of English Grammar Exercises (MCQs) focuses on “Sentence Formation – Set 2”.

1. The tense of the if-clause is Simple Present.
If you run daily, you can lose weight.
a) True
b) False
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: The verb ‘run’ is in Simple Present tense as it denotes a future event that is part of a fixed timetable. Hence, the statement stands to be true.

2. Which of the following options is the verb pattern of the below sentence?
It was foolish of me to betray him.
a) It + be + adjective + pronoun + to-infinitive
b) It + be + adjective + direct object + to-infinitive
c) It + be + adjective + indirect object + to-infinitive
d) It + be + verb + pronoun + complement
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: The sentence, ‘It was foolish of me to betray him’ has the structure ‘It + be + adjective + pronoun + to-infinitive’. The word ‘me’ is used in place of the noun to avoid repetition of the noun. Thus, it is a pronoun.

3. Select the Participle in the below sentence.
Madhan had my laptop repaired.
a) my
b) repaired
c) laptop
d) madhan
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: ‘Repaired’ is the participle present in the sentence. Participle is generally a verb which has the nature of both a verb and an adjective. The word ‘repaired’ is a Past Participle.

4. Identify the structure of the sentence below.
The class was quiet.
a) Subject + Verb +Indirect object + Direct object
b) Subject + Verb + Complement
c) Subject + Verb + Participle
d) Subject + Verb + Preposition + Direct object
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: ‘Subject + Verb + Complement’ is the correct answer. Complement is a word which helps to complete the sentence and convey its meaning. In that context, ‘quiet’ is a complement.

5. Identify the sentence having the below mentioned verb pattern.
What + adjective + noun + Subject + verb.
a) What a beautiful place!
b) What a terrible music!
c) What a brave man he is!
d) What block is this?
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: The sentence, ‘What + a brave (adjective) + man (noun) + he (subject) + is (verb)!’ has the required structure and is thus, the correct answer.

6. Among the options, select the correct structure of the given sentence.
Your actions are hard to justify.
a) Subject + Verb + Complement
b) Subject + Verb + Adjective + to-infinitive
c) Subject + Verb + Direct object + Indirect object
d) Subject + Verb + Adverb + Preposition + Verb
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: The given sentence can be structured as, ‘Your actions (Subject) + are (verb) + hard (adjective) + to justify (to-infinitive)’.

7. ‘Driven’ is a plain infinitive.
Driven by hunger, he stole from a shop.
a) True
b) False
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: ‘Driven’ is a Past participle derived from the base form of the verb ‘drive’. Therefore, the statement is proven to be false.

8. Select the sentence having the below mentioned Verb pattern.
Subject + Verb + adjective + to-infinitive.
a) Your handwriting is difficult to understand
b) There is a book on the table
c) It is worth watching the movie
d) It is wicked of you to tease him
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: ‘Your handwriting is difficult to understand’ has the correct verb pattern as required. ‘To understand’ has the nature of both a verb and noun and thus, qualifies as an infinitive.

9. Select the correct verb pattern of the below sentence.
If you had listened to your mother, you would have not got hurt.
a) If-clause (Past Perfect continuous) + main clause
b) If-clause (Past Perfect) + main clause
c) If-clause (Past continuous) + main clause
d) If-clause (Simple Past) + main clause
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: The verb ‘had listened’ in the if-clause refers to an action completed before a certain moment in the past. Hence, the corresponding tense is Past Perfect.

10. Choose the sentence having the pattern ‘Subject + Verb + direct object + Preposition + Prepositional object’.
a) I wanted to get a first class ticket
b) He gave up in his tenth attempt
c) He beat him hard
d) My mom made dinner for all of us
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: The correct answer among the options is ‘My mom (subject) + made (verb) + dinner (direct object) + for (preposition) + all of us (prepositional object)’.

More English Grammar Exercises on Sentence Formation:

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Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

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