# Combination of Two or More Simple Sentences into a Single Compound Sentence using Cumulative Conjunction

This set of English Grammar Exercises (MCQs) focuses on “Synthesis of Sentences – Combination of Two or More Simple Sentences into a Single Compound Sentence using Cumulative Conjunction”.

1. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
The crowd was outside. He was nervous.
a) The crowd being outside made him nervous
b) He was nervous of the crowd outside
c) The crowd was outside and he was nervous
d) The crowd was nervous so he was nervous

Explanation: The following two simple sentences given in this question statement are converted into a compound sentence by using the cumulative conjunction ‘and’ in the answer statement. This helps to simply add together two different sentences.

2. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
She is smart. She is attractive.
a) She is both smart and attractive
b) She is smart so she is attractive
c) She is either smart or attractive
d) She is smart which makes her attractive

Explanation: The two simple sentences mentioned in this question are combined together by the use of the cumulative conjunction ‘both smart and attractive’ in the answer statement. Cumulative conjunction is a coordinating conjunction.

3. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
They checked my name. They checked my address.
a) They check my name along with the address
b) They checked my name and address
c) They checked my name while checking the address
d) They checked my address after checking my name

Explanation: The cumulative conjunction used in the given answer statement is ‘and’. It is a type of coordinating conjunction used to add extra information with certain degree of emphasis to the independent clauses.

4. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
It was sunny outside. I went for a walk.
a) I went for a walk when it was sunny outside
b) I went for a walk while it was sunny outside
c) I went for a walk because it was sunny outside
d) It was sunny outside and I went for a walk

Explanation: The two simple sentences are combined together into a compound sentence with the help of the cumulative conjunction ‘and’ in the answer statement. A cumulative conjunction connects two words, phrases or independent clauses.

5. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
She shouted. She called for help.
a) She shouted and called for help
b) She shouted calling for help
c) She called for help while shouting
d) She shouted so that she could call for help

Explanation: The cumulative conjunction used in the correct option given is ‘and’. Conjunctions which simply add one statement to another are called cumulative conjunctions. In the given question statement, we can see that two simple sentences are just placed one after another using the conjunction ‘and’ in between.

6. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
His gaze at me was long. It was intense. It startled me.
a) His gaze at me was long and intense which startled me
b) He intensely gazed at me for long time which startled me
c) I was startled by his intensely long gaze at me
d) His gaze at me was not only long and intense but also it startled me

Explanation: The question statement given contains three simple sentences. Hence to combine them together two cumulative conjunctions are used which are ‘not only…but also’ and ‘and’. The compound sentence formed consists of the phrase ‘not only long and intense but also it startled me’. The use of ‘and’ in between signifies plural auxiliary.

7. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
The cafeteria was clean. It had a nice ambiance.
a) The cafeteria was not only clean but also had a nice ambiance
b) The cafeteria was clean having a nice ambiance
c) The cafeteria being clean had a nice ambiance
d) The cafeteria was clean hence it had a nice ambiance

Explanation: The question statement deals with two simple sentences giving information about the similar object. Hence to join them together into a compound sentence the cumulative conjunction ‘not only…but also’ is used. This conjunction is generally used to add extra information to the sentence about the same thing.

8. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
The signal was given. The train left.
a) The train left when the signal was given
b) The signal was given and the train left
c) The signal being given, the train left
d) The train left after the signal was given

Explanation: The two simple sentences mentioned in this question statement are combined together using the cumulative conjunction ‘and’ hence the answer being ‘signal was given and the train left’.

9. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
The dress was of silk. It had pearls stitched into it.
a) The dress was of silk with pearls stitched into it
b) Pearls were stitched into the silk dress
c) The dress was of silk and had pearls stitched into it

Explanation: The phrase mentioned in the answer statement given ‘dress was of silk and had pearls stitched’ contains the cumulative conjunction ‘and’. This particular conjunction is also used with a comma. When we add more than two words, comma is essential before ‘and’.

10. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
The journey was long. It was exhausting.
a) The journey was long as well as exhausting
b) The long journey was exhausting
c) The journey was long hence it was exhausting
d) The journey being long, was exhausting

Explanation: The set of two sentences given in this question statement are simple sentences. To convert them into a compound, sentence the cumulative conjunction ‘as well as’ is used in the given answer statement.

11. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
The poet was praised for his work. He received a reward from the king.
a) The poet was not only praised for his work but also received a reward from the king
b) The poet received a reward from the king because he was praised for his work
c) The poet being praised for his work, received a reward from the king
d) The king gave a reward to the poet for his work which was praised

Explanation: The two simple sentences given in this question statement can be converted into a compound sentence by using various kinds of conjunctions. But to convert them into a compound sentence using only a cumulative conjunction, the conjunction ‘not only…but also’ is used in the answer statement.

12. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
The smell was tempting. It was coming from the backyard.
a) The smell coming from the backyard was tempting
b) The smell coming which was coming from the backyard was tempting
c) The smell was tempting and it was coming from the backyard
d) The tempting smell came from the backyard

Explanation: The answer statement containing the cumulative conjunction ‘and’ is the correct option because the remaining options have either no conjunctions in them (hence making them simple sentence) or have conjunction ‘which’ (not a cumulative conjunction).

13. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
She bought a burger. She bought a can of soda with it.
a) She bought a burger as well as a can of soda
b) She bought a burger with a can of soda
c) She bought a burger which was accompanied by a can of soda with it
d) A burger along with a can of soda were together bought by her

Explanation: The cumulative conjunction mentioned in the correct option of this question statement is ‘as well as’ forming the dependent clause ‘bought a burger as well as a can of soda’ in the answer statement. This conjunction is generally used to indicate extra options or additional information.

14. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
The resort was expensive. It attracted many tourists.
a) The resort was expensive yet it attracted many tourists
b) The resort being expensive attracted many tourists
c) The resort was not only expensive but also attracted many tourists
d) The resort was expensive because it attracted many tourists

Explanation: The cumulative conjunction used in the answer statement of this particular question is ‘not only…but also’. This conjunction is also called paired or correlative conjunction because it comes in a pair ‘not only’ and ‘but also’, and always relates one object to the other.

15. Combine the following set of simple sentences into one compound sentence.
He was warned. He was restricted from entering the office.
a) He was both warned and restricted from entering the office
b) He was warned because of which he was restricted from entering the office
c) After being warned, he was restricted from entering the office
d) He was warned that is why he was restricted from entering the office

Explanation: This particular question statement consists of two simple sentences which are merged into a single compound sentence by using the cumulative conjunction ‘Both….and’. This conjunction is also called paired or correlative conjunction and is used to create emphatic effect on referred elements.

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