This set of Environment Management Problems focuses on “The State of India’s Rivers”.
1. How many percentage of pollution accounts by sewage and municipal effluents?
Explanation: Scientifically competent studies conducted by the CPCB says that sewage and municipal effluents accounts for 75% of the pollution load in rivers while the remaining 25% is from industrial effluents and non-point pollution sources.
2. When did India launched the Ganga Action plan (GAP)?
a) In 1983
b) In 1984
c) In 1985
d) In 1986
Explanation: In 1985, India launched the Ganga Action plan, the largest ever river cleanup operation in the country. GAP Phase-2 was launched in 1991 included cleaning operations for the tributaries of Ganga, the Yamuna, Gomati and Damodar.
3. What is the full form of NRCP?
a) National Railway Corporation Pipeline
b) National Rivers Cleaning Phase
c) National Roads Cleaning Phase
d) National River Conservation Plan
Explanation: National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) was launched in 1995. Under this plan all the rivers in India were taken up for cleanup operations. In most of these plans, attempts have been made to tap drains and divert sewage to treatment plants, before letting them out into rivers.
4. How many rivers do the National River Conservation Plan covered?
Explanation: National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) covers 18 rivers in 10 states including 46 towns. The cost is bore entirely by the Central Government and the Ministry of Environment and Forests. The main activities of the plan are to treat the pollution load from sewer systems of towns and cities.
5. To strengthen the ongoing NRCP, which new initiative was taken?
a) National Yamuna Basin Authority
b) National Narmada Basin Authority
c) National Ganga River Basin Authority
d) National Brahmaputra River Basin Authority
Explanation: National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) was formed to strengthen the ongoing NRCP in 2009. The first meeting of the NGRBA Resolved to make the Ganga pollution free by 2020. This pledge to make Ganga free from pollution.
6. River water is used to a maximum extent.
Explanation: River water is used to a maximum extent because of its common reach to the biotic community. Maximum economic activities concentrate around rivers. About 50% of the population of the world resides in 250 river basins.
7. When did a model bill to regulate and control of groundwater come into force?
Explanation: Ministry of Water Resources prepared a model bill to regulate and control the development of groundwater in 1996. It provides the details of the definitions and the process of implementation of the bill.
8. To which of the following subjects ‘Repair, Renovation and Restoration’ (RRR) comes under?
b) Soil structures
c) Water bodies
Explanation: This is implemented by the Government of India, Ministry of Water Resources. ‘Repair, Renovation and Restoration’ comes to water body scheme that has been launched by the Ministry under the state sector.
9. Which plan was launched by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) to restoring the water quality and ecology of the lakes?
a) National Water Conserved Plan
b) National Lake Conservation Plan
c) National River Ceremony Plan
d) National Water Conservation Plan
Explanation: National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP), launched by the Government of India aims at restoring the water quality and ecology of the lakes in different parts of the country. Thus it protects the rivers that flow to the lakes.
10. Which of the following have no rivers in it?
a) Uttar Pradesh
c) Andaman and Nicobar
Explanation: Every single state has at least one river flowing in it. Only the Union Territory of Lakshadweep has no rivers in it. Lakshadweep is a bunch of really small islands so there is no river flow in it.
11. According to NRGBA which is the national river of India?
Explanation: NRGBA was established by the Central Government of India on 20 February 2009 under Environment Protection Act, 1986. The chair includes the Prime Minister of India and Chief Minister of states through which Ganges flows. It declared the Ganges as the National River of India.
12. Which is the Longest River in India?
Explanation: Ganges is considered to be the longest river in India with a total length of 2,640 km. Indus and Brahmaputra both has length of 2,900 km but they are not called longest river because most of the part of river lies outside the Indian Territory.
13. Which is the most polluted river in India?
Explanation: Yamuna tops the list of the most polluted rivers in India. It is also one of the top 10 dirtiest rivers in the world. The second most polluted river in India is the Ganges. Sabarmati is the third most polluted river in India.
14. All the rivers in India are female.
Explanation: Most of the rivers are female in India as Ganges, Yamuna, Godavari etc, but not all rivers are female as opposed to general opinion. There are many male rivers, to name a few male rivers are Damodar, Ajay, Sankosh, Bhima, Krishna and many more.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Energy & Environment Management.
To practice all areas of Environment Management Problems, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.