This set of Energy & Environment Management Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “HIV and AIDS”.
b) Brain tumor
Explanation: HIV is the virus that leads to AIDS. People can have HIV for years without having AIDS. Being infected with HIV does not mean suffering from AIDS. People with HIV who start treatment early in their infection, stay on treatment can prevent the disease from progressing to AIDS.
2. What is the full form of HIV?
a) Human immunodeficiency virus
b) Human immunodeficiency vessels
c) Health interexchange virus
d) Health immunodeficiency virus
Explanation: HIV stands for Human immunodeficiency virus. HIV is a virus spread through certain fluids in body that attacks the body’s immune system. If HIV is left untreated, it damaged the immune system over certain period.
3. Which cells are destroyed by HIV?
a) A- helper cells
b) K-helper cells
c) T-helper cells
d) Y-helper cells
Explanation: HIV attacks the immune system, specially the CD4 cells, often called T-helper cells and makes copies inside these cells. As HIV destroys more CD4 cells and makes more copies of itself, it gradually breaks down a person’s immune system.
4. Which is the second most common way of spreading HIV?
a) Sexual intercourse with HIV infected
b) Sharing needles
c) Sharing food
d) From infected mother to child
Explanation: Sharing needles is the second most common way that HIV is spreading. Sexual intercourse with HIV infected is the most common way of HIV spreading. Any person who shares needles with someone who is HIV positive is at risk for HIV.
5. What is the full form of AIDS?
a) Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
b) Accepted immunodeficiency syndrome
c) Acquired immunodeficiency symptoms
d) Accepted immunodeficiency symptoms
Explanation: AIDS stands for Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is the most severe phase of HIV infection. People with Aids have such badly damaged immune systems. That immune system gets an increase number of severe illness.
Explanation: HIV is not spread by mosquitoes. Even if mosquitoes could carry the HIV virus, they do not inject blood into skin. The only bodily fluids that are known to transmit HIV are semen, vaginal fluids, anal fluids, breast milk and blood.
7. How many stages are there in HIV infection?
Explanation: There are three stages of HIV infection those are, a) acute HIV infection, b) clinical latency, and c) acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). People living with HIV may progress through these stages at different rates, depending on a variety of factors including their genetic makeup.
8. What is the symbol of HIV-positive people?
a) Blue ribbon
b) Yellow ribbon
c) White ribbon
d) Red ribbon
Explanation: The red ribbon is a symbol is the symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and for those who are living with AIDS. HIV and Aids has had a great impact on society as an illness and as a source of discrimination.
9. How many clinical staging systems are used to classify HIV and HIV related disease for surveillance purposes?
Explanation: Two main clinical staging systems are used to classify HIV and HIV related disease for surveillance purpose. Those two clinical staging systems are the WHO disease staging system for HIV infection and disease and the CDC classification system for HIV infection.
10. When did the World Health Organization first proposed a definition for AIDS?
Explanation: The World Health Organization first proposed a definition for AIDS in 1986. After that, the WHO classification has been updated and expanded several times, with the most recent version which published in 2007.
11. What is India’s position in HIV infected in the world?
Explanation: India has the third largest HIV epidemic in the world due to its large population size. India’s epidemic is concentrated among key affected population which also includes sex workers, gay sex and for transgender.
Explanation: The National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) was established in 1992. It is a devision of India’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. NACO is the body responsible for formulating policy and implementing programs for the prevention and control of HIV in India.
13. In which country AIDS was first clinically observed?
b) The United States
Explanation: AIDS was first clinically observed in 1981 in the United States. The starting cases were a cluster of injecting drug users and homosexual men. Soon thereafter many more cases of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) emerged in the United States.
14. State true or false. There are many vaccines that prevent HIV completely.
Explanation: There is no vaccine which completely prevents HIV as of now. HIV is a complicated virus that changes over time. This makes vaccine research difficult, and it takes a longer time to do the research and to invite the vaccine for completely cure of HIV.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Energy & Environment Management.
To practice all areas of Energy & Environment Management, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.