This set of Energy & Environment Management Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Role of NGOs”.
1. What is the full form of NGOs?
a) Non-Governmental Organizations
b) Non Governance Organizations
c) No Governance Organizations
d) Null Governmental Organizations
Explanation: NGOs stands for Non-Governmental Organization. Non-Governmental Organizations are organizations which are involved in carrying out a wide range of activities for the benefit of people and also for the environment.
2. In which of the following sector NGOs are playing an important role?
a) In governing the police force
b) In framing the policy related to laws
c) In framing the environmental policy
d) In deforestation
Explanation: NGOs are playing an important role in framing the environmental policy. This policy is clearly based on the welfare of the environment in order to protect it. NGOs insist government to frame the right policy.
3. When does an Environmental Policy achieve positive results?
a) When policy addressed to urban issues
b) When policy addressed to local issues
c) When policy addressed to international issues
d) When policy addressed to national issues
Explanation: Environmental policies will achieve positive results when they are addressed to local issues and solve the problems of local people. The policymakers should keep in mind the needs of the people while framing the policies and implementing the envi¬ronment-friendly projects.
4. In which of the following Greenpeace is fighting against?
a) Commercial fishing
b) Commercial farming
c) Commercial rattling
d) Commercial Whaling
Explanation: Commercial Whaling has resulted in the decline of the world’s whale population. In order to stop commercial whaling, Greenpeace is working. Greenpeace is fighting against commercial whaling. Through political work public outreach and by adopting non¬violent direct, action against the whalers at sea.
5. Why Greenpeace is opposing for genetic engineering?
a) Because it causes genetic pollution
b) Because it increase the health of organisms
c) It completely saves the forest
d) It contributes for better environment
Explanation: Genetic engineering enables the creation of plants, animals and micro-organisms through the manipulation of genes. The organisms, which are produced through genetic engineering when interbred with the natural organisms lead to new environments leads to genetic pollution.
6. There are many international environmental organizations protecting the environment.
Explanation: There are many international environmental organizations which are providing environment protection. Some of them are Greenpeace, Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF), Earth First, etc.
7. Why Greenpeace oppose the use of nuclear power?
a) Because nuclear power increase the environment rapidly
b) Because nuclear power plant abolishes the disasters
c) Because there is no disadvantages in nuclear power
d) Because it releases harmful radiations
Explanation: Greenpeace are against the use of nuclear power as its use has never been peaceful. Radiation released into the environment through the nuclear tests has led to the contamination of soil, air, rivers, and oceans, causing cancer and other diseases in people.
8. When did Greenpeace founded?
Explanation: Greenpeace was founded in 1971 to oppose US nuclear testing in Alaska. The organization has fought to protect the endangered species, stop the dumping of hazardous waste, and strengthen national and international laws that regulate environmental affairs.
9. Where is the WWF International located?
b) United States
Explanation: The WWF International is located at Gland in Switzerland. It is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961. The motto of WWF is “Building a future in which people live in harmony with nature”.
10. When did the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) founded?
Explanation: BNHS was founded in 1883, is recog¬nized as one of the foremost conservation research organizations in the world. It aims to collect data on the specimens on natural history throughout the Indian sub-continent.
11. What is the full form of CYWEN?
a) Club of Youth Working for Environment
b) Council of Youth Working for Environment
c) Club of Youth Working for Employment
d) Council of Youth Working for Employment
Explanation: Club of Youth Working for Environment (CYWEN) is a youth group supported by the Centre for Environment Education, Ahmadabad, India. CYWEN has members between the ages of 15 and 23 years.
12. Which year Green Coalition founded?
Explanation: Green Coalition is an independent non-governmental advocacy organization founded in the year 2000. It is dedicated to improve public health standards, protecting the environment and promoting sustainable development & ethical business.
13. Which NGO has the mission as “Conserve the lands and waters on which all life depends”?
c) World Wildlife Fund
d) The Nature Conservancy
Explanation: The Natural Conservancy is a charitable environmental organization, headquartered in Virginia, United State. It focuses on conserving land and species around the world and has over 119 million acres of land worldwide.
14. Greenpeace campaigns to stop climate change.
Explanation: In order to stop climate change, Greenpeace is campaigning on various fronts. The extensive use of oil, gas, fuel, and other energy resources leads to climatic changes, which results in global warming.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Energy & Environment Management.
To practice all areas of Energy & Environment Management, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.