This set of Energy and Environment Management Questions and Answers for Entrance exams focuses on “Endemic and Endangered Species of India”.
1. In terms of the number of threatened mammals, what is India’s rank in the world?
Explanation: In India there are 410 species of mammals. Which are spread over 13 orders out of which nearly 89 species are listed as threatened in the International Union for Conservation of Natural Resources Red List of Threatened Animals. Indonesia stands in first place with 185 threatened mammal species.
2. Which is the only surviving member used to be considered of an amphibian family called the Nasikabatrachidae until 2006?
a) Indian yellow frog
b) Indian white frog
c) Indian green frog
d) Indian purple frog
Explanation: The Indian purple frog used to be considered as the only surviving member of an ancient amphibian family called the Nasikabatrachidae until 2006. In 2006, this family was incorporated into the Sooglossidae.
3. Which one of the following endemic species of tarantula found only in a small area in India?
a) Gooty tarantula
b) Cobalt blue tarantula
c) Pink toe tarantula
d) Chilean rose tarantula
Explanation: Gooty tarantula is a beautiful species of tarantula which is found only in a small area of less than 100 square kilometers of Andhra Pradesh in India. Despite its venomous nature, the tarantula is one of the costliest pets in the exotic pet trade.
4. In which part of India we can found fan-throated lizard?
a) Northern India
b) Western India
c) Southern India
d) Eastern India
Explanation: The fan-throated lizard is a species of agamid lizard which is found in Southern India. One of the specialties of male fan-throated lizard is dewlap which is used to woo a would-be partner by puffing it into a fan.
5. Which is the only representative of artiodactyls mammals Porcula?
a) Pygmy hog
b) Red river hog
c) Giant forest hog
d) Bearded hog
Explanation: The pygmy hog is the sole representative of Porcula. This conservation of endangered species is important because its extinction would result in the loss of a unique evolutionary branch of pigs. Presently there are only found in Assam with less than 150 individuals.
6. There is no difference between endangered and endemic species.
Explanation: There are differences between endangered and endemic species. Endangered species are that thought to be in danger of extinction, implying that there are so few remaining of their kind. Endemic species are plants and creatures that exist just in one geographic area.
7. In which tiger reserve we can find more number of brown palm civet animals?
a) Periyar tiger reserve
b) Sunderban tiger reserve
c) Jim Corbett tiger reserve
d) Kalakkad Mundanthurai tiger reserve
Explanation: Brown palm civet is one of the endemic species of India. Brown palm civets are nocturnal and solitary. It is endemic to the rain forests of the Western Ghats in South India, mostly appear in Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve.
8. Which of the following was listed as one of the vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature?
b) The Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros
c) Pink-headed duck
d) Sumatran Rhinoceros
Explanation: A Vulnerable species is a species of animals or plants which are likely to become endangered unless something changes. The Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros are listed as one of the vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Poaching of horns is an important reason for the decline in the number.
9. Which is the state animal of Tamil Nadu which is also one of the most endangered species in India?
b) Indian elephant
c) Nilgiri tahr
d) Indian giant squirrel
Explanation: The Nilgiri tahr is one of the endangered species in India. It has a stocky coat with a bristly mane, curved horns and short fur. It is the state animal of Tamil Nadu. Continuous poaching activities and Eucalyptus cultivation are the reasons for its decrease in the numbers.
10. Which one of the following is the national animal for two countries and also the endangered species of India?
a) Fennec fox
b) Baird’s tapir
c) Bengal tiger
d) Komodo dragon
Explanation: Bengal tiger is considered as the national animal of two major countries India and Bangladesh. Bengal tigers are fast vanishing due to human interference and poaching cases. Because of this it is one of the most endangered species found in India.
11. Which state in India is the home to a large population of one of the endangered species in India Asiatic Lion?
b) West Bengal
Explanation: Gujarat in India is home to a large population of Asiatic Lion. As per the facts presented by World Wildlife fund, the Asiatic Lion can be only found in India. The Asiatic Lions are renowned as the second largest feline species in the world after the tigers.
12. Who discovered a critically endangered species of tarantula Rameshwaram parachute spider?
a) James Scottish
b) Andrew Smith
c) Nicholas Anderson
d) Leonardo Thomson
Explanation: Rameshwaram parachute spider was discovered by Andrew Smith in 2004 from a sacred grove in Rameshwaram. It was named after the Indian island of Rameshwaram. It is a critically endangered species of tarantula.
13. Blackbuck is one of the endangered species found in India.
Explanation: Various activities like hunting, poaching, and overgrazing and habitat destruction have led to a drastic downfall in the blackbuck population. One more important reason for immensely decreasing in blackbuck population is the large-scale conversion of their habitats into agriculture fields. Because of these many reason blackbuck is one of the endangered species found in India.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Energy & Environment Management.
To practice all areas of Energy and Environment Management for Entrance exams, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.