This set of Basic Energy Management Questions and Answers focuses on “Grassland Ecosystems”.
1. What is the predominate vegetation in grassland ecosystem?
Explanation: Grassland ecosystem includes a wide range of landscapes in which the vegetation is predominantly grass and small annual plants specifically adapted to India’s climatic conditions. Due to the high presence of grass vegetation it got its name as Grassland ecosystem.
2. In grassland area how much amount of rainfall is required?
a) Low rainfall
b) High rainfall
c) Moderate rainfall
d) They don’t require any rainfall
Explanation: Grasslands cover areas where rainfall is low. The area of grassland ecosystem has soil depth and its quality is poor. The low rainfall prevents the growth of a large number of trees and shrubs. It is sufficient to support the growth of grass cover during the monsoon.
3. How humans use grassland?
a) To cultivate the land
b) To feed livestock
c) To grow thick forests
d) Grassland is not at all useful for humans
Explanation: Humans use grassland to feed various livestock. Grassland mainly consists of grass, animals such as cow, buffalo, sheep and various other animals depend eat grass as their main food. Thus by raring cattle humans many products from livestock.
4. Which of the following ecosystem shows varieties in his vegetation?
a) Aquatic ecosystem
b) Desert ecosystem
c) Grassland ecosystem
d) Forest ecosystem
Explanation: Grasslands form a variety of ecosystems located in different climatic conditions. It ranges from near desert conditions to patches of shoal grasslands that occur on hill-slopes. In the Himalayas, there are high cold pastures.
5. Where we can find tracts of tall elephant grass?
a) Terai belt
b) Deccan belt
c) Himalayan pasture belt
d) Gangs belt
Explanation: Tracts of tall elephant grass present in the low lying terai belt south of the Himalayan foothills. This is one of the types of grassland which is found in India. They form variety of ecosystems based on climatic conditions.
6. Himalayan wildlife requires both forest and grassland ecosystems.
Explanation: Himalayan Wildlife requires both ecosystems. They want forest as well as grassland ecosystem as vital parts of their habitat. The animal migrates up into the high altitude grasslands in the summer season. In winter they move downwards.
7. What is the type of grassland ecosystem which is found at Western India, Central India and the Deccan?
a) The semi-arid plains
b) The terai
c) The Himalayan pasture belt
d) The shola
Explanation: The semi-arid plains of Western India, Central India and the Deccan are covered by grassland tracts with patches of thorn forest. Several mammals such as blackbuck, chinkara and birds such as bustards and floricans are adapted to this condition.
8. Which of the following consist of patches on hill slopes?
a) The shola grassland
c) Himalayan region
d) Deccan pasture land
Explanation: The shola grasslands consist of patches on hill slopes that occur alongside the shola forests on the Western Ghats and the Anamalai ranges. These form patchworks of grassland on the slopes and forest habitats along the streams.
9. Which ecosystem are the grazing areas of many rural communities?
a) Tropical evergreen
b) Tropical deciduous
Explanation: Farmers who keep cattle or goats and shepherds are highly dependent on grasslands to supply food for their livestock. Many rural people use grassland for grazing purpose. The grass is also to thatch houses and farm-sheds.
10. What is stored to feed cattle if there is no grass during summer to cattle?
b) Chemical manures
Explanation: Grassland is used to graze cattle. Fodder is collected and stored to feed cattle when there is no grass left for them to graze in summer. Sometimes grassland ecosystem won’t give healthy grass due to climatic changes.
11. How grassland converted into flat stubs?
a) By over grazing
b) By less grazing
c) By climatic changes
d) By less water
Explanation: When animals over graze, the grasses are converted into flat stubs with very little green matter left in the land. Degraded grasslands have fewer grass species as the nutritious species which are used by the large number of domestic animals.
12. How many percent of grassland covered in terms of permanent pastures in India?
Explanation: According to 2002 report given by the ‘Food and Agriculture Organization’, the grassland cover in the country, in terms of permanent pastures is only 3.7% of the total land which includes all types of ecosystem.
13. Why rotational grazing pattern established?
a) To preserve grassland ecosystem
b) To destroy grassland ecosystem
c) To graze in the tropical rain forests
d) To grow grass in grassland ecosystem
Explanation: In order to close a part of the grassland in an area every year, the rotational grazing pattern is established. Grasslands should be over grazed and some areas should be closed for grazing the live stock.
14. Human activities such as fires affect grassland adversely.
Explanation: When fires are lit in the grasslands in summer, the burnt grass gets a fresh flush of small green shoots which the domestic animals graze on. In this is done too frequently, the grassland begins to deteriorate and grassland becomes bare.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Energy & Environment Management.
To practice basic questions and answers on all areas of Energy Management, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.