This set of Energy & Environment Management Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Value of Biodiversity & Bio-piracy”.
Explanation: Economically there are two main types of values of biodiversity are there. They are, a) Use value, and b) Non use value. In Use value there are three types namely direct values, indirect values, and option values. In Non use value there are two types namely bequest value and existence value.
2. What are called for the value of nature’s products that are consumed directly?
a) Productive value
b) Indirect value
c) Non-consumptive value
d) Consumptive value
Explanation: Consumptive values are the values of nature’s products that are consumed directly. Some of the examples of consumptive values are firewood’s, fodder and meat. Consumptive use value seldom appears in National income accounts.
3. “Flowers offered to the god” is an example of ___________________
a) Non-consumptive values of biodiversity
b) Consumptive values of biodiversity
c) Social value of biodiversity
d) Ethical values of biodiversity
Explanation: Biodiversity in India is important for its religious, spiritual and other cultural uses. Many plants and animals have ritual significance. The entire ecosystem is utilized for cultural and spiritual purposes.
4. Which one of the following values of diversity we can classified for ‘The beauty of waterfall in the Western Ghats’?
a) Ethical values
b) Social values
c) Option values
d) Aesthetic values
Explanation: Aesthetic value provides physical, intellectual and emotional satisfying for humans. Nearly everyone enjoys wildlife and joy makes our lives good lives. It will reduce the stress and give a great pleasure to eyes.
5. Why biodiversity is of great scientific value?
a) Because many species of plants and animals are the subjects of our research
b) Because biodiversity can be use only in space
c) Because biodiversity can only be useful for scientist
d) Because biodiversity provides only few products that helps for humans
Explanation: During the usage of many species for research and in turn we get a lot of knowledge on plants, insects and animals from this we find better ways of making medicines, hybrid plants, and many other things that are helpful to humans.
Explanation: Option values include unknown potential of biodiversity. There are many plants and animals which have not yet been discovered or even if they have been discovered we do not know the importance of such plants.
7. Which one of the following is the backbone of viable ecosystems on which we depend on for basic necessities?
Explanation: Biodiversity forms the backbone of viable ecosystems on which we depend on for basic necessities. These ecosystem services play an important role in the functioning of our climate and in both air and water quality.
8. What is called for the illegal collection of indigenous plants by corporations ho patent them for there own use?
Explanation: Biopiracy means the commercial development of biological compounds by a technologically advanced country or organization without obtaining consent from the people or nations in whose territory the material were discovered.
9. Why we should not encourage biopiracy?
a) Because it kills the whole biodiversity
b) Because it don’t provide any useful for humans
c) Because it takes years of time
d) Because it creates inequality between nations
Explanation: Greenpeace claim a strong opposition for biopiracy. They claim these practices contribute to inequality between developing countries rich in biodiversity, and developed countries which hosts companies that involve n biopiracy.
10. Why India has been traditionally one of the targets of biopiracy?
a) Because India has more population
b) Because India has large amount of biodiversity
c) Because India’s don’t use biodiversity
d) Because India do not impose any punishment for biopiracy
Explanation: The countries most affected by biopiracy are the most biodiverse. India is the country which has large amount of biodiversity. Because of the richness in biodiversity many countries illegally make patents to the Indian indigenous plants.
11. Which of the following professions are highly affected by biopiracy?
Explanation: Biopiracy is highly affected o farmers. Biopiracy is widely affects the countries which are highly relying on agriculture. Farmers worldwide are outraged that plants they developed are being hijacked by companies.
a) Because Indian population is high
b) Because India carrying the Earth’s richest biodiversity
c) Because Indian Area is less
d) Because Indian policies are not efficient
Explanation: India carrying the Earth’s richest biodiversity. It is very much vulnerable to biopiracy. There has been indiscriminate exploitation of traditional knowledge without equitable sharing of benefits. Hence there is an urgent need to make amendments to avoid biopiracy.
13. State true or false. Biopiracy is legal.
Explanation: Biopiracy is illegal because, in violation of international conventions and corresponding domestic laws, it does not respect or adequately compensate the rightful owners of the life forms appropriated.
14. When did Convention on Biological Diversity established?
Explanation: Convention on Biological Diversity is one of the actions taken against biopiracy. It was established in 1993. It establishes sovereign national rights over biological sources and commits the countries which are the members to conserve them.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Energy & Environment Management.
To practice all areas of Energy & Environment Management, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.