This set of Advanced Energy Management Questions and Answers focuses on “Food Resources”.
1. Which is the major source of animal protein in the Earth?
Explanation: Fish is the major source of animal protein in the Earth. Fish are aquatic animals which is seen in oceans and other water bodies. It contains high amount of proteins. Nowadays fishes are raised in fisheries.
2. Which crop provide more energy when compared to any other type of crop in the world?
Explanation: Cereal grain is a staple food that provides more food energy than any other type of crop. All the other type of food like corns, pulses also provide energy but they don’t match the energy that is providing by cereals.
3. Among the following which is not a organic farming?
b) Crop rotation
c) Chemical fertilizers
d) Green manures
Explanation: Compost, crop rotation and green manures comes under organic farming in which no chemicals are added to it. But in chemical fertilizers as the name indicates they use chemicals to raise the crops, so it is not a organic farming.
4. State true or false. Fruit bearing trees are renewable food sources.
Explanation: Fruit bearing trees are renewable food resources. Renewable food resources are those that may be able to sustain themselves against all the types of external harmful conditions and environmental conditions and produce year after year.
5. Apiculture means_______________
a) Rearing Silk Moths
b) Rearing Cattles
c) Rearing Horses
d) Bee Keeping
Explanation: The word ‘Apiculture’ comes from the Latin word ‘apis’ meaning bee. Apiculture is the care and management of honey bees for the production of honey and wax. During bee keeping certain precautionary measures are taken.
6. Pigeon pea is a good source of______________
Explanation: Pigeon pea is a legume from the family ‘Fabaceae’ and it is not related to bird pigeon. It is consumed in large scale in South Asia and is a major source of protein for the people. Binomial name for pigeon pea is ‘Cajanus cajan’.
7. Which is the only insect in the entire world that can produce something that we can eat?
Explanation: Bee produce honey. Honey is the only food that includes all the substances necessary to sustain life. A average worker bee produce about 1/12th teaspoon of honey in its lifespan. Honeybee’s lifespan is about six weeks.
8. The crops which are grown in summer season are called __________________
a) Kharif crop
b) Zaid crop
c) Rabi crop
d) Multiple crop
Explanation: The crops which are mainly grown in the summer season is called Zaid crop. They require warm, dry weather. The main produce of Zaid crops are seasonal fruits and seasonal vegetables. This crop can be cultivable in the end of summer season.
9. The crops which are grown in winter season are called___________________
a) Kharif crop
b) Multiple crop
c) Zaid crop
d) Rabi crop
Explanation: Rabi crops are grown in winter season. Though it sow in winter season it is harvested only in spring season in South Asia. The major rabi crop in India is wheat followed by barely, mustard, sesame and peas. Cool temperature is required for rabi crops.
10. BT cotton is an example for_______________
a) Organic farming
b) Chemical fertilization
c) GM crop
Explanation: BT cotton is an example of GM crop. BT cotton which is a GM crop was developed to insect resistant by the introduction of a new gene. GM are well known as genetically modified crops. Many opposition raised against BT crops due to customs issues.
11. State true or false. Processed food is good for health.
Explanation: Processes food is not good for health. It caused high blood pressure and increase the chance of type 2 diabetes. The term processed food includes any food that has been purposely changed in some way prior to consumption. It includes canned, frozen, packaged foods.
12. Sowing two or three crops together on the same land, one being the main crop and other as subsidiaries is known as___________
a) Crop rotation
b) Mixed cropping
Explanation: Mixed cropping means sowing two or more crops in the same land where one of them is the main crop. For example, growing of wheat and ground nut on the same field. Here nitrogen used by wheat is restored by leguminous plants, so there is no need to add nitrogenous fertilizers.
13. Growing different crops on the same land in pre planned succession is known as___________
a) Crop rotation
b) Inter cropping
c) Mixed cropping
Explanation: Crop rotation is the systematic or pre planned planting of different crops in a particular order over several years in the same growing space. This process helps to maintain nutrients in the soil and prevents plant diseases and removes pests from the plant.
14. India’s global ranking in banana production is______________
a) Rank 1
b) Rank 2
c) Rank 3
d) Rank 4
Explanation: India stands in 1st rank in the production of banana. Whereas Uganda, China and Philippines stands 2nd, 3rd and 4th rank respectively in the production of banana globally. India also stands Rank 1 in jute and mango production.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Energy & Environment Management.
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