This set of Energy & Environment Management Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Environment and Human Health”.
b) Vinyl oxidize
Explanation: Due to the addition of contaminates to environment, it is discovered that children who lives in homes with vinyl floors which can emits hazardous chemicals called phthalates. It develops signs of autism in kids.
2. Which one of the following organization dedicated to protecting human health from environmental harms?
a) Environment and Human Health
b) Environmental and Scientific Science
c) Ecological Protection Organization
d) Ecological Science and Solutions
Explanation: Environmental and Human Health (EHHI) is dedicated to protecting human health from environmental harms through education, research and the promotion of public policies. Environmental and Human Health is increasingly concerned about health hazards.
3. Which one of the following cause harm to human health?
a) Organic farming
b) Using of pesticides
c) Using solar vehicles
d) Protecting forests
Explanation: Pesticides can harm to human health if they use in excess proportion in the environment. Pesticides are intentionally toxic substances linked to various diseases like cancer, birth defects, mutations and other health problems.
4. How many types of health hazards are there?
Explanation: The three types of health hazards are physical hazards, chemical hazards and biological hazards. Physical hazards are global warming, UV radiations, Radioactive etc. Chemical hazards are combustion of fossil fuels, pesticides, heavy metals etc. Biological hazards are bacteria, viruses etc.
5. What is the other name for infectious diseases?
a) Non-communicable diseases
b) Communicable diseases
c) Non-transmissible diseases
d) Heredity diseases
Explanation: Infectious diseases also known as transmissible diseases or communicable diseases comprise clinically illness resulting from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic biological agents.
Explanation: The two factors affecting human health are internal factors and external factors. The factors such as malfunctioning of the body parts, malfunctioning of immune system and genetic disorders, which exist within the human body, are called internal factors. Heart attack, Kidney failure etc are few examples of external factors.
7. What is called the term which refers to an unhealthful intake of dietary nutrients?
a) Healthy food
b) Foul food
d) Nutritious food
Explanation: The term malnutrition refers to an unhealthful intake of dietary nutrients. Malnutrition may arise with inadequate or overabundant food intake, an imbalance of dietary nutrients or utilize the food we eat.
8. Which one of the following is a result of high exposure of radiation?
a) Loss of white blood cells
b) Hair loss
c) Tooth decay
d) Leg fracture
Explanation: High doses of radiation can be harmful or even it cause fatal to humans and it also damages environment. Doses above 100 rems usually cause the first signs of radiation. Loss of white blood cells happens due to more exposure to radiation.
9. How do pollutants reach humans?
a) By external factors
b) By internal factors
c) Pollutants never reach to humans
d) There is nothing called pollutants
Explanation: Pollutants reach humans through the food we eat, the water we drink, and the air we breathe and endanger our health in both immediate and long lasting ways. This pollutants cause various problems to human’s health and also to environment.
10. How many percentage of water approximately present in human body?
Explanation: The human body is mostly consists of 70% of water. Only 2.5% of water on the planet is drinkable and it becomes clear since our body consist of 70% water protecting our water supply is so important.
11. The current rates of disease are increasing at alarming speeds and most are closely linked with known____________________
c) Organic farming
d) Balanced diet
Explanation: The current rates of disease are increasing at alarming speeds and they are linked with carcinogens. Carcinogens have become abundant in our environment in the last several decades. It consists of pesticides, artificial hormone etc.
a) Increase in the male fertility
b) Decrease in the carcinogen cells
c) Decrease in the mental stress
d) Decrease in the male fertility
Explanation: Male infertility has been linked to pesticides, air pollution, exposure to lead, household flame-retardant, surfactants and water pollution. Continuous exposure for such environmental pollution will lower the sperm amounts in males.
13. Which one of the following can cause breast cancer in women?
b) Being physically fit
c) Using antiperspirant
d) Eating healthy food
Explanation: Antiperspirants are applied near the breast and contain potentially harmful ingredients. Breast cancer can be caused by using antiperspirant, a decrease in the occurrence and duration of breastfeeding and synthetic hormones found in food production.
14. State true or false. There is a link between the environment and human health.
Explanation: There is a direct link between environment and human health. We harm our environment I many ways, it come back to haunt us in the form of sickness and death. The more we cause trouble and disturb the environment the more we suffer from diseases.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Energy & Environment Management.
To practice all areas of Energy & Environment Management, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.