This set of Energy & Environment Management Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Major International Environmental Conventions”.
1. Which convention adopted for the protection of ozone layer?
a) Vienna Convention
b) Basel Convention
c) Montreal Protocol
d) Stockholm Convention
Explanation: The Vienna Convention was adopted in 1985. The main objectives are, parties to promote and cooperation by means of systematic observations, research and information exchange on the effects of human activities on the ozone layer.
2. How many years once the parties in the Vienna Convention meet to take decision?
Explanation: The parties of the Vienna Convention meet once in three years in order to take decisions designed to administer the convention. In 2009, the Vienna Convention became the first Convention of any kind to achieve universal ratification.
3. When did Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants came into exist?
Explanation: Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants came into exist on 17 May 2004. It is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from persistent organic pollutants and thus helps to maintain the health of humans and environment.
4. What are persistent organic pollutants?
a) Organic manure
Explanation: Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are chemicals that remain intact in the environment for long periods and become widely distributed geographically and accumulated in the fatty tissue of living organisms.
5. What is the main aim of Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants?
a) Eliminate dangerous POPs
b) Increase the usage of dangerous POPs
c) Developing strong chemicals
d) Increase in the production of POPs
Explanation: The main aim of Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants is to eliminate dangerous POPs starting with the 12 worst. Apart from this it also aims o support the transition to safer alternatives for POPs.
6. Rotterdam Convention is established to trade with hazardous chemicals.
Explanation: Rotterdam Convention is the prior informed consent procedure for certain hazardous chemicals and pesticides in international trade. This Rotterdam Convention came into force in February 24, 2004.
7. Basel Convention is mainly deals with_________________
a) Biological diversity
b) Hazardous wastes and their disposals
c) Persistent organic pollutants
d) Ozone depleting
Explanation: Basel Convention was adopted on 22 March 1989 by the conference of Plenipotentiaries in Basel, Switzerland. The main aim is to control of transboundry movements of hazardous wastes and its disposals.
8. What is the main aim of UNFCCC?
a) Stabilization of greenhouse gas
b) Increase of greenhouse gas
c) Increase of temperature
d) Stabilization of oxygen
Explanation: The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) came into exist in June 1992. The reason behind this is to achieve stabilization in greenhouse gases concentration in atmosphere.
9. Which convention came into exist for the use of ‘Transboundary water courses’?
a) Vienna Convention
b) Stockholm Convention
c) Helsinki Convention
d) Bucharest Convention
Explanation: Foe the regulation of use of international watercourses Helsinki Convention came into exists in 1992. The main aim is to protect and use of Transboundary watercourses and international lakes seeks to established cooperative frameworks.
10. How many principles proclaimed at Rio de Janeiro Convention?
Explanation: The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development met at Rio de Janeiro Convention from 3rd to 14th June 1992. During this meeting they proclaimed 27 principles with the goal of establishing a new partnership.
11. For the conservation of migratory species of wild animals which convention took place?
a) Rio de Janeiro Convention
b) Bonn Convention
c) Basel Convention
d) Aarhus Convention
Explanation: Bonn Convention came into exist for the conservation of migratory species of wild animals. And also to conserve terrestrial species and marine species throughout their range was the objective of this convention.
12. When did the Washington Convention happen?
Explanation: Washington Convention is an international agreement between governments, drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1973 at the meeting held at International Union for Conservation of Nature.
13. What is the full form of ENMOD?
a) Environmental Middle Convention
b) Environmental Modification Convention
c) Environmental Middle Center
d) Environmental Modification Center
Explanation: The Environmental Modification Convention (ENMOD) is an international treaty for prohibiting the military or other hostile use of environmental modification techniques. It came into force on October 5th 1978.
14. The Ramsar Convention is also called as the Convention on Wetlands.
Explanation: The Ramsar Convention is an intergovernmental treaty that provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Energy & Environment Management.
To practice all areas of Energy & Environment Management, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.