This set of Applied Chemistry Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Monitoring and Control of Water Pollution”.
1. Which of the following is the physical monitoring of the lake?
Explanation: The turbidity of the water comes under the physical monitoring of the lake. Temperature, colour and solid also comes under the physical monitoring.
2. Conductivity comes under the ___________ monitoring of the lake.
Explanation: The physical monitoring of lake includes the conductivity of the water. It also includes turbidity, colour and temperature of water.
3. ____________ comes under the chemical monitoring of the lake.
Explanation: The detergents comes under the chemical monitoring of the lake. Pathogens comes under the biological and the conductivity and turbidity comes under the physical monitoring of the lake.
4. Pollution enters into the water system in ___________ ways.
Explanation: Pollution enters into the water system in four ways.
Run off, river flow transport, direct discharge of domestic and industrial waste and water sediment interface causes the pollution.
5. A large amount of soil can move with the run off called ___________
a) Soil erosion
b) Soil conservation
c) Soil pollution
d) Soil moving
Explanation: A large amount of soil can move with the run off called as soil erosion. When the rain fall occurs, with the water, the top layer of the soil also moves.
6. What is the full form of GAP?
a) Ganga action pre distribution
b) Ganga action plan
c) Ganga affected plan
d) Ganga affected pre distribution
Explanation: GAP stands for the Ganga action plan which is proposed by the central pollution control board for monitoring the water bodies.
7. The central pollution control board and the department of ocean and environment has established __________ stations over the entire coastal line of the country.
Explanation: The central pollution control board and the department of ocean and environment has established 174 stations over the entire coastal line of the country.
8. Coastal water shows major differences in ___________
Explanation: Coastal water shows major differences in salinity. The salinity of the sea water is higher than that of the rivers and lakes.
9. Monitoring systems can be carried out by using __________
b) Automatic sensors
c) Automatic motors
Explanation: By using the automatic sensors, the monitoring systems becomes more easier. Turbines are used to generate electricity.
10. Mostly pollution of rivers takes place by discharge sewage.
Explanation: Mostly, the pollution of the river takes place by discharge of sewage in water or by releasing the industrial wastes into the rivers.
11. Control of river pollution can be done by providing the extra ___________ during dry season.
Explanation: By providing the oxygen to the water in dry season will reduce the pollution of the rivers.
12. Determination of flow increase is used for the monitoring of ___________
a) sea pollution
b) River pollution
c) Lake pollution
d) Tank pollution
Explanation: Determination of the flow increase or stream treatment timing are used to monitor the river water pollution.
13. which of the following does not include in the monitoring of river pollution?
a) Assessing the immediate water quality
b) Development activities in the region
c) Determination of flow increase
d) Colour of the water
Explanation: Colour of the water is the monitoring of the lake water and for monitoring the river water, we need to assess the quality of water, development activities must be done and water flow increase must be determined.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Applied Chemistry.
To practice all areas of Applied Chemistry, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.