This set of Energy and Environment Management Questions and Answers for Campus interviews focuses on “Biogeographic Classification of India”.
1. How many biogeographic zones are there in India?
Explanation: There are ten biogeographic zones in India. They are as follows, a) Trans Himalayan zone, b) Himalayan zone, c) Desert zone, d) Semiarid zone, e) Western ghat zone, f) Deccan plateau zone, g) Gangetic plain zone, h) North east zone, i) Coastal zone, j) Islands present near the shore line.
2. What is Trans Himalayas?
a) The Himalayan ranges immediately north of the Great Himalayan range
b) The Himalayan ranges immediately south of the Great Himalayan range
c) The Himalayan ranges immediately east of the Great Himalayan range
d) The Himalayan ranges immediately west of the Great Himalayan range
Explanation: The Trans Himalayan region consists with its sparse vegetation and it has the richest wild sheep and goat community in the world. We can also find one of the endangered species snow leopard here.
3. Into how many ranges Trans Himalayas divided?
Explanation: Trans Himalayas are divided into four ranges namely, a) Ladakh range, b) Zaskar Range, c) Karakoram Range, and d) Kailash range. The Trans Himalaya was named by Swedish explorer Sven Hedin.
4. Into how many ranged Himalayas are divided?
Explanation: Himalayas are divided into three ranges namely, a) Siwalik or Outer Himalayas, b) Himachal or Lesser Himalayas, c) Himadri or Greater Himalayas. The Himalayas form a mountain range in Asia. It separates the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
5. What is called for the transitional zone between the desert and the denser forests of the Western Ghats?
a) Deccan Plateau
b) North-West Desert Regions
c) North-East India
d) Semi-Arid Areas
Explanation: Semi-Arid Areas are the transitional zone between the desert and the denser forests of the Western Ghats. The natural vegetation of the Semi-Arid Areas is thorn forest. Leopards, snakes, jackals and many more animals are found in this region.
6. India is called as a mega diversity country.
Explanation: India has different climate and topography in different parts and its biogeographic classification various in different parts and hence India is termed as a mega diversity country. India stands 10th position among plant rich countries of the world.
7. Among the ten different biogeographic zones in India, which zone is the largest biogeographic region?
d) Deccan plateau
Explanation: Deccan Plateau zone is India’s largest biogeographic region. It accounts 42% of the total geographical area in India. Deccan Plateau zone of peninsular India is by far the most extensive zone, covering India’s finest forest.
8. How many levels of planning are used for the biogeographical classification in India?
Explanation: In India, the biogeographical classification uses four levels of planning. The four levels of planning are as follows, a) The Biogeography Zone, b) The Biotic Province, c) The Land Region, and d) The Biome.
9. Which one of the following is the ecological problems being faced by the semi-arid zones in India?
a) Organic farming
b) Rural development
c) Animals conflict
Explanation: Desertification is one of the major ecological problems facing by the semi-arid zone. The continuous expansion of deserts, into the previously semi-arid regions is indeed a serious manifestation of the effects of land degradation and intensive soil erosion.
10. Which biogeographic zone is considered as one of the 25 biodiversity hot-spots globally?
a) Deccan plateau
b) Western Ghats
Explanation: The Western Ghats are considered as one of the 25 biodiversity hot-spots present globally. In Western Ghats, the varied climate and diverse topography create a wide array of habitats that support unique sets of plant and animal species.
11. The Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats meet each other at which hills?
a) Ananthagiri hills
b) Coonoor hills
c) Biligiriranga hills
d) Munnar hills
Explanation: The Biligiriranga hills links the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats. It run east from the Western Ghats to the River Kaveri and forms a forested ecological corridor that connects the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats.
12. Which is the largest unit of the Great Plain of India?
a) Brahmaputra plain
b) Punjab-Haryana plain
c) Gangetic plain
d) Godavari plain
Explanation: Gangetic plain is the largest unit of the Great Plain of India. The aggradational Great Plains cover about 72.4mha area with the Ganga and the Brahmaputra which forms the main drainage axes in the major portion.
13. In India, how many groups of islands are there?
Explanation: There are two groups of islands found in India. The two groups of islands are the Arabian Sea Islands and Bay Islands. The Arabian Sea Islands are of subsequent coral formations. The Bay Islands lay only about 220 km.
14. The Indian coasts do not vary on their characteristics and structures.
Explanation: The Indian coasts vary in their characteristics and structure. For example, the west coast is narrow except around the Gulf of Cambay and the Gulf of Kutch. In the south, it is wider along the south Sahyadri.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Energy & Environment Management.
To practice all areas of Energy and Environment Management for Campus Interviews, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.