This set of Energy & Environment Management Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Family Welfare Programs”.
a) After industrial revolution
b) After World War 2
c) After British invasion to India
d) After the United States independence
Explanation: Since World War 2 family planning programs with either major or minimal government involvement have been initiated in most of the countries. This is due to the relatively rapid growth of the populations of some countries.
2. Which one of the following is the main target of family welfare programs?
a) Couples in the fertile age
b) Children below 12 years
c) Women after fertile age
d) Male after fertile age
Explanation: The target populations of family welfare programs are couples with fertile age groups. By providing contraception, sterilization, forming policies with respect to population limit we can control the population growth.
3. Which organization works as an administrative unit for implementation of Family Welfare Programme in all districts of the State and functioning at State Head quarter?
a) The District Family Welfare Bureau
b) The National Family Welfare Bureau
c) The State Family Welfare Bureau
d) The International Family Welfare Bureau
Explanation: The State Family Welfare Bureau is functioning at State Head quarter as an administrative unit for implementation of Family Welfare programme in all the districts of the State. The District Family Welfare Bureau functions in the district health office.
4. Which one of the following is the activity of the Family Welfare Programme?
a) Malnutrition programme
b) Child marriage
c) IUD programme
d) One child one nation policy
Explanation: Intrauterine device (IUD) is one of the main programmes of the Family Welfare programme. IUD program leads to big decline in teen pregnancies and it also decrease the rate of abortions.
5. What is the main aim of Janani Suraksha Yojana which is the programme by the Family Welfare programme?
a) To provide pensions to widow women
b) To provide shelters to poor people
c) To encourage people to use safe sexual methods
d) Reducing maternal and neonatal mortality
Explanation: Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention. It comes under the National Rural Heath Mission. It is being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and neonatal mortality.
Explanation: There are number of problems arise in the adolescent period. Especially females face problems like low nutrition, low health status, early marriage, early pregnancy, low contraceptive prevalence etc.
7. When did Janani Suraksha Yojana launched?
Explanation: Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) was launched in April 2005. It was launched by modifying the National Maternity Benefit Scheme. The National Maternity Benefit Scheme came into effect in 1995as one of the components of the National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP).
8. Which is the first country to initiate a Family Planning program in the world?
Explanation: India is the first country to initiate a Family Planning program in the world. In India family planning program is launched in 1952. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is the government unit responsible for formulating and executing Family Planning in India.
9. When the Family Planning Insurance Scheme was introduced?
Explanation: Family Planning Insurance Scheme (FPIS) was introduced on 29 November 2005. It was introduced with Oriental Insurance Company to take care of cases of failure of sterilization or death resulting from sterilization.
10. Which is the first State in India to recognize the basic relevance of family planning to nation planning?
d) Tamil Nadu
Explanation: Tamil Nadu is the first Indian State to recognize the basic relevance of family planning to national planning. It was given national awards for outstanding work in family planning for many times. Hence Family Planning is successfully continuing in Tamil Nadu.
11. Why is family planning important?
a) For birth control issues
b) For having unwanted pregnancies
c) For having child every year
d) To get pregnant before the age of twenty
Explanation: Family planning is important for every sexually active adult to consider birth control issues. This is not only for the purpose of preventing unwanted pregnancies, but also to plan the timing of conception for unwanted pregnancies.
Explanation: There is a wide variety of family planning options available. In Hormonal method is one of the family planning options. These include maximum of two hormones, namely estrogen and progestin, or only progestin.
13. What is Natural Family Planning?
a) Not having sexual intercourse on the particular days when women is fertile
b) Not having sexual intercourse in any time
c) Having sexual intercourse irrespective of any period
d) Having sexual intercourse with the help of contraceptives
Explanation: Natural Family Planning refers to any method of contraception in which pregnancy is prevented by not having sexual intercourse on the particular days when the women is fertile. For this a careful study is made on woman’s menstruation cycle.
14. State true or false. There are different types of family planning.
Explanation: There are wide varieties of family planning options available. Some of them are broadly divided into the following categories, a) Barrier methods, b) Hormonal methods, c) Natural methods, d) Intrauterine devices, e) Permanent methods etc.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Energy & Environment Management.
To practice all areas of Energy & Environment Management, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.