This set of Environment Management Questions and Answers for Aptitude test focuses on “Wildlife Conservation in India”.
1. When did World Wild Fund for Nature-India (WWF-India) established?
Explanation: WWF-India is the Indian part of the WWF. WWF-India is one of India’s leading conservation organizations. It was established as a charitable trust in 1969, it has massed almost five decades of experience in the field.
2. Which of the following organization launched an Education for Sustainable Development program?
a) Indian Forest Department
b) Indian Environment Conservation
d) Indian Pollution Board
Explanation: WWF-India launched an Education for Sustainable Development program in June 2013. This program including a trainer kit with materials in six languages. The program was targeted at teacher training and educational bodies responsible for curriculum.
3. Which of the following is the most important human activity leading to the extinction of wildlife?
b) Controlling of pollution level
c) Destruction of the natural habitats
d) Stop hunting animals
Explanation: Destruction of the natural habitats is the most important human activity leading to the extinction of wildlife. Deforestation of the natural habitats of animals affects the species of complete area.
4. How can we preserve viable material of endangered species?
a) By mutation
b) By cloning
c) By gene bank
d) By gene pool
Explanation: Viable materials of any endangered species can be preserved by a gene bank. Gene bank is an institute that maintains stocks of seed banks, tissue culture and frozen germplasm with certain precautionary measures.
5. Which of the following vertebrates have the highest number of endangered species?
Explanation: Mammals group of vertebrates comprises the highest number of endangered species. One in four of the world’s mammal species face extinction, according to a new conservation report card. Marine mammals face even steeper odds, with one in three species at risk of extinction.
6. Some of the most threatened species are found in Asia.
Explanation: Asia is a region undergoing rapid human population and economic growth. Some of the most threatened species are found in Asia. Currently, 79 percent of Asia’s primate species face extinction.
7. Which year Wildlife Protection Act was implemented in India?
Explanation: The Wildlife Protection Act was implemented in 1972. It is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animals species. The Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species.
8. In which of the following states Nagarhole National Park located?
d) Tamil Nadu
Explanation: Nagarhole National Park is located in Kodagu District and Mysore district in Karnataka. It is established in 1988. This park was declared the 37th ‘Project Tiger’ Tiger reserves of India in the year 1999.
9. Which is the natural habitat of Indian lion?
a) Western Ghats
b) Sunderban delta
c) Gir forest
Explanation: Natural habitat of Indian lion is Gir forest, Gujarat. Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary established in 1965. According to 2015 census there were 523 lions situated in Gir Forest National Park.
10. What is called for a scheme to protect and conserve bio-diversity?
Explanation: Bio-reserve is a scheme to protect and conserve bio-diversity. The central area preserves the flora and fauna. The surrounding zone is utilized for research and experiments regarding conserve bio-diversity.
11. Which of the following is a step taken by the government to protect the wildlife?
a) Control the population of animals in forest
b) Proper food facilities to the animals in forest
c) Deforestation to provide space for urbanization
d) Various Project to protect animals in forest
Explanation: The Government of India took various steps to the wildlife. The major among them is establishing of various projects in order to protect the wildlife. Some of the projects are Project Tiger, Project Rhino, Project Great Indian Bustard and many more.
12. Which type of wildlife is found in Ganga-Brahmaputra delta?
c) Royal Bengal
Explanation: Ganga-Brahmaputra delta is a natural habitat for many animals. Prominent natural habitat in Ganga-Brahmaputra delta is Royal Bengal Tiger. Some of the other organisms are turtles, snakes, crocodiles and so on.
13. Which lake in Northeast India has the world’s only floating National Park?
a) Dal Lake
b) Loktak Lake
c) Lake Tsomgo
d) Shilloi Lake
Explanation: Loktak Lake in Manipur has the worlds only floating National Park. It is the largest freshwater lake in Northeast India. Keibul Lamjao National Park located at the south western part of the Loktak Lake is the world’s only floating National Park.
14. The Indian government is undertaking many efforts for conservation of its wildlife.
Explanation: The Coast Guard Act, Wildlife Protection Act, Environmental Protection Act and Biological Diversity Act are some of the biggest undertaking of the Indian government towards the conservation of wildlife.
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To practice all areas of Environment Management for Aptitude test, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.