This set of Energy & Environment Management Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Population Growth “.
1. Which of the following is the main reason for not providing employment to the growing population?
a) Majority of the population own their business
b) Majority of the population have plenty of amounts with them
c) Majority of the population is poor
d) Majority of the population is illiterate
Explanation: Due to rapid population growth, providing employment to growing population is one of the biggest challenges. This is so because in developing economies the majority of the populations is illiterate. Every year number of illiterates increasing in numbers.
2. Where we can find over strained infrastructure due to population growth?
a) In rural areas
b) In forest areas
c) In desert areas
d) In urban areas
Explanation: Due to over population growth facilities such as housing, transportation, health care and education become inadequate. The worst symptoms of congestion in every aspect of living conditions are manifested in the urban areas.
3. Which one of the following is a result of overpopulation?
a) Adequate storage of natural resources
b) Pressure on land and other renewable resources
c) Increasing the amount of forest
d) Decrease the shortage of water
Explanation: Due to rapid population growth, there is a pressure on land and other renewable natural resources. Due to over exploitation of forest and water it results in desertification with permanent damage to renewable resources.
4. Which one of the following is the main reason for decrease in the per capita income?
a) Due to decrease in gross national product
b) Due to decrease in population growth
c) Due to increase in population growth
d) Due to equitable distribution of income
Explanation: Due to increase in population there is an inequitable distribution of income. The increase in gross national product is greatly reduced in per capita terms on account of the rapidly growing population.
5. According to 2011 census, what is the annual exponential growth rate in India?
Explanation: In spite of many attempts to check population growth, the birth rate is still high in India. Annual exponential growth rate is 1.64% as per as 2011 census. Overpopulation causes various problems to the ecosystem.
6. Over population growth causing disproportionate gender composition.
Explanation: According to 2001 census, national sex ratio is 940 females per 1000 males. Due to poverty female mortality is higher. Only Kerala and Pondicherry have more women percentage OF SEX RATIO than men.
7. What is the reason for poor standard of living and malnutrition in India?
a) Due to environmental conditions
b) Due to over population
c) Due to absence of natural resources
d) Due to the poor economy of India
Explanation: Standard of living in India is affected by its population. There is a great shortage of nourishment, especially in balanced diet which results in the malnutrition. This malnutrition causes various problems to humans.
8. Why it is impossible to provide employment to all the unemployed in India?
a) Due to lack of economy
b) Due to over population growth
c) Due to the absence of natural resources
d) Due to lack of interest among youths
Explanation: Due to over population it is impossible to provide employment to all the unemployed in India. Over population leads to increase the need of job among people. This over population is a great harm for per capita income among Indians.
9. What is the need to control the population growth in India?
a) To improve the standard of living among existing people
b) To utilize all the natural resources among the existing people
c) To participate in war among neighboring nations
d) To increase the mortality rate in India
Explanation: The need for controlling population is urgent and pressing so that the existing people may have an improved standard of living. Overpopulation cause various ill effects for both humans and as well as for the environment.
10. Which one of the following is the cause for overpopulation in India?
a) Birth rate is lower than the death rate
b) Birth rate is higher than the death rate
c) There is no death happening
d) Due to over pollution
Explanation: The common cause leading to over population in India is the birth rate is still higher than the death rate. Declining of death rate is achieved from medical technologies but the same cannot achieve for birth rates.
11. Which one of the following is the step to control population growth in India?
a) Killing all newborn babies
b) Not providing medical assistance to people
c) Lowering infant mortality rate
d) Early marriage to girls
Explanation: Lowering infant mortality rate can also help in solving the problem of population. It has been seen that mortality rate among poor children is high and because of this poor couples tend to have more kids.
12. What is India’s global rank in population?
Explanation: India stands in second position after China in population. As of 2018 India’s yearly change percentage of population is 1.11%. China’s population to world share is 18.54%, whereas India’s world share is 17.74%.
13. Which one of the following can be a solution to overpopulation?
a) Neglecting family planning
b) Knowledge of sex education
c) Providing more facilities to the family consisting if more kids
d) Improper medical facilities
Explanation: Imparting sex education to young kids at elementary level will decrease the rate of over population in the upcoming years. Providing information about safe sex and about contraceptives for sexually active teenagers will reduce the population growth.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Energy & Environment Management.
To practice all areas of Energy & Environment Management, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.