This set of Energy & Environment Management Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Ganga Action Plans(GAP)”.
1. Who prepared Ganga Action Plan?
a) Department of Pollution
b) Department of Environment
c) Department of Rivers
d) Department of Industries
Explanation: Department of Environment prepared an action plan for immediate reduction of pollution load on the river Ganga. The Cabinet approved the Ganga Action Plan as a 100 percent centrally sponsored scheme.
2. When did Ganga Action Plan launched?
Explanation: The Ganga Action Plan (GAP) was launched on 14 January 1986 by the then Prime Minister of India Rajeev Gandhi. The main objective of GAP is pollution abatement of the river Ganga and to improve the water quality by interception.
3. What is the authority constituted by Government of India for the implementation of the Ganga Action Plan?
a) Central River Authority
b) Central Ganga Authority
c) Ganga Implantation Scheme
d) State Ganga Authority
Explanation: For the implementation of the Ganga Action Plan and to lay down policies and programmes and maintenance of the Ganga Action Plan, Government of India constituted the Central Ganga Authority (CGA) in February 1985.
4. When did the National River Conservation Directorate established?
Explanation: Ganga Action Plan undergoes various changes in its implementation. First Central Ganga Authority later it is renamed as the National River Conservation Authority. The Government constituted the National River Conservation Directorate (NRCD) in June 1994.
5. When did Phase-2 of Ganga Action Plan started?
Explanation: Phased-2 of Ganga Action Plan began from 1993 with the States of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Delhi and Haryana were to implement the Phase-2 by treating 1912 mld (Million liters per day) still Ganga Action Plan didn’t complete its target.
6. State true or false. Ganga Action Plan’s only objective is to clean Ganga water.
Explanation: Ganga Action Plan has various plans. The ultimate objective of the GAP is to have an approach of integrated river basin management considering abiotic and biotic ecosystems. To make resource recovery options.
7. Which is the top board in Ganga Action Plan?
a) Standing Committee
b) National River Conservation Authority
c) Monitoring Committee
d) National River Conservation Directorate
Explanation: National River Conservation Authority is the top level board in Ganga Action Plan, it forms policies and sanctioned approvals. It is followed by Standing Committee, Monitoring Committee and National River Conservation Directorate.
8. Which state has highest number of towns selected for Ganga Action Plan 1?
a) West Bengal
b) Uttar Pradesh
Explanation: West Bengal has the highest number of selected towns for Ganga Action Plan with 15 towns. Uttar Pradesh and Bihar have 6 and 4 towns as directives from the Supreme Court. 6 towns in Haryana taken upon for GAP 1 as per as the direction of the Supreme Court.
9. For interception and diversion under GAP-2, how many schemes are sanctioned?
Explanation: The NRCD sanctioned 4 schemes of interception and diversion under the GAP-2. The implementing agencies could complete non till 2000, though stipulated dates for 3 schemes were already over.
10. Which authority laid sewer liner under GAP-2 in West Bengal?
a) Calcutta Municipality Development Authority
b) Bengal Municipality Development Authority
c) Calcutta Metropolitan Development Authority
d) Bengal Metropolitan Development Authority
Explanation: Calcutta Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) laid sewer lines under the GAP-2. The CMDA entrusted the work of construction of 3 pumping stations at Cossipore-Chitpur, West Bengal to a contractor in 1988.
11. How many interception and diversion schemes are sanctioned by NRCD in Uttar Pradesh?
Explanation: The NRCD sanctioned 51 interception and diversion schemes under the GAP-2. The Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam could complete only 30 out of 51 by March 2000. Stipulated dates of 17 of the remaining 21 schemes were over.
12. Which of the following is not an objective of Ganga Action Plan?
a) Improve the water quality by interception
b) Treatment of domestic sewage
c) Pollution abatement
d) Increase the water content
Explanation: Among the above four options increase the water content is not an objective of Ganga Action Plan. All the remaining three options are the main objectives of Ganga Action Plan. Apart from the above three there are many more objectives are there.
13. In how many cities Rajiv Gandhi launched the creation of Ganga Action Plan when he was The Prime Minister of India.
Explanation: Rajiv Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India announced the creation of CGA. Rajiv Gandhi launched GAP in 5 major cities along the rivers. These cities included Kanpur, Haridwar, Varanasi and Allahabad.
14. State true or false. The Ganga Action Plan is a successful scheme.
Explanation: The Ganga Action Plan is a failure scheme. It was launched by the Government of India has failed miserably in its objectives. The pollution levels in Ganga are either same or even higher. The relationship between the quantity and quality, inflow and outflow, renewable energy and pollutant have not been understood, this led to the failure of Ganga Action Plan.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Energy & Environment Management.
To practice all areas of Energy & Environment Management, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.