Irrigation Engineering Questions and Answers

Irrigation Engineering Interview Questions and Answers

Our 1000+ Irrigation Engineering questions and answers focuses on all areas of Irrigation Engineering subject covering 100+ topics in Irrigation Engineering. These topics are chosen from a collection of most authoritative and best reference books on Irrigation Engineering. One should spend 1 hour daily for 2-3 months to learn and assimilate Irrigation Engineering comprehensively. This way of systematic learning will prepare anyone easily towards Irrigation Engineering interviews, online tests, examinations and certifications.


– 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions & Answers in Irrigation Engineering with explanations
– Every MCQ set focuses on a specific topic in Irrigation Engineering Subject

Who should Practice these Irrigation Engineering Questions?
– Anyone wishing to sharpen their knowledge of Irrigation Engineering Subject
– Anyone preparing for aptitude test in Irrigation Engineering
– Anyone preparing for interviews (campus/off-campus interviews, walk-in interview and company interviews)
– Anyone preparing for entrance examinations and other competitive examinations
– All – Experienced, Freshers and Students


Here’s list of Questions & Answers on Irrigation Engineering Subject covering 100+ topics:

1. Questions & Answers on Techniques & Quality

The section contains questions and answers on irrigation types.

Types of Irrigation

2. Questions on Water Requirements of Crops

The section contains questions on water distribution techniques in fram, crop and base period, duty and delta of crop, crop season and indian agriculture, irrigation water optimum utilisation, irrigation efficiencies, evapotranspiration consumptive use, effective rainfall, consumptive use estimation and soil moisture irrigation relationship.

Techniques of Water Distribution in the Farms
Water Requirements – Crop Period or Base Period
Water Requirements – Duty and Delta of a Crop
Water Requirements – Crop Season and Indian Agriculture
Optimum Utilisation of Irrigation Water
Water Requirements of Crops – Irrigation Efficiencies
Water Requirements of Crops – Consumptive Use of Evapotranspiration
Water Requirements of Crops – Effective Rainfall
Water Requirements of Crops – Estimation of Consumptive Use – 1
Water Requirements of Crops – Estimation of Consumptive Use – 2
Water Requirements of Crops – Soil Moisture Irrigation Relationship

3. Questions & Answers on Canal Irrigation System

The section contains questions and answers on alluvial and non-alluvial canals, canal irrigation system alignment, channels curves, canal losses and regulation.

Canal Irrigation System – Alluvial and Non-alluvial Canals
Canal Irrigation System – Alignment
Canal Irrigation System – Curves in Channels
Canal Irrigation System – Losses of Water in Canal
Canal Regulation

4. Questions on Sediment Transport and Irrigation Channels Design

The section contains questions on irigation canal design capacity, sediment load, bed and suspended load and also their measurements, sediment transport importance and its mechanics, non scouring design methods, india stable channels, irigation canal cross section and maintenance.

Design Capacity for an Irrigation Canal
Sediment Load
Sediment Transport – Bed Load and its Measurement
Sediment Transport Importance
Sediment Transport – Mechanics
Method for Design of Non-Scouring
Stable Channels Design in India
Sediment Transport – Suspended Load and its Measurement
Cross-Section of an Irrigation Canal
Irrigation Canal – Maintenance

5. Questions & Answers on Lining of Irrigation Canals and its Economics

The section contains questions and answers on canal lining, channel cross-sections, lining advantages, hard surface, earth type or rigid linings, canal lining requirements and expansive soils.

Lining of Canal
Advantages of Lining
Channel Cross-sections
Hard Surface or Rigid Linings
Earth Type Linings
Canal Lining – Requirements
Lining of Canals in Expansive Soils

6. Questions on Water Logged Reclamation and Saline Soils for Agricultural Purposes

The section contains questions on salinity, water logging and its causes, surface or open drainage, sub-surface or tile drainage, saline and alkaline lands reclamation.

Salinity and Water-logging
Causes of Water-logging
Water Logged Reclamation – Surface or Open Drainage
Water Logged Reclamation – Sub-surface or Tile Drainage
Reclamation of Saline and Alkaline Lands


7. Questions & Answers on Irrigation Revenue Rates

The section contains questions and answers on pricing irrigation methods, differences between economic water rates and prevailing revenue rates in india.

Method of Pricing Irrigation Economic Water Rates Vs Prevailing Revenue Rates in India

8. Questions on Rivers Behaviour, Control and Training

The section contains questions on rivers classification and behavior, indian rivers and their classification, rivers control and training.

Classification of Rivers
Indian Rivers and Their Classification
Behavior of Rivers
Control and Training of Rivers

9. Questions & Answers on Diversion Head Works, Hydraulic Jump Usefulness in Irrigation Structure

The section contains questions and answers on weir and barrage, gravity and non-gravity weirs, hydraulic jump, diversion head works and its components.

Diversion Head Works – Weir and Barrage
Diversion Head Works – Gravity and Non-Gravity Weirs
Diversion Head Works and its Components
Hydraulic Jump

10. Questions on Seepage Theories and Weirs and Barrages Design

The section contains questions on hydraulic structure failure, bligh’s and lane’s eeighted creep theory, khosla’s theory, important india barrages, vertical drop weir design based on bligh’s theory, modern weirs and barrages design.

Seepage Theories – Failure of Hydraulic Structure
Seepage Theories – Bligh’s Creep Theory
Seepage Theories – Lane’s Weighted Creep Theory
Seepage Theories – Khosla’s Theory
Seepage Theories – Design of Vertical Drop Weir on Bligh’s Theory
Design of Modern Weirs and Barrages
Important Barrages in India


11. Questions & Answers on Canal Falls

The section contains questions and answers on canal falls type and location, syphon well drop design, canal falls design for vertical drop fall, baffer or inglis fall.

Canal Falls – Types
Canal Falls – Location
Canal Falls – Design of Syphon Well Drop
Canal Falls – Design of vertical Drop Fall, Baffer or Inglis Fall

12. Questions on Regulation Modules and Canal Structure

The section contains questions on canal regulation, canal escapes types, metering flumes and outlet types, non modular outlet types, semi modules types, rigid modules and cattle crossings types.

Canal Regulation
Types of Canal Escapes
Regulation Modules – Metering Flumes Types
Regulation Modules – Outlet Types
Regulation Modules – Non Modular Outlet Types
Regulation Modules – Semi Modules Types
Types of Rigid Modules and Cattle Crossings

13. Questions & Answers on Cross Drainage Work

The section contains questions and answers on cross drainage work design and types, aqueducts and syphon aqueducts types, joints provision and water bars in rcc ducts.

Types of Cross Drainage Work
Cross Drainage – Aqueducts and Syphon Aqueducts Types
Cross Drainage Work Design
Joints Provision and Water Bars in RCC Ducts of Aqueducts

14. Questions on Culverts and Small Road Bridges Construction

The sections covers questions on high flood discharge computation and bridge foundation depth.

Culverts Construction – High Flood Discharge Computation Small Road Bridges Construction – Depth of Bridge Foundation

15. Questions & Answers on Ground Water for Irrigation through Wells and Tubewells

The section contains questions and answers on infiltration, ground water controlling factors, aquifers and their type, open well, dug well and tube well.

Ground Water through Wells and Tubewells – Infiltration
Factor Controlling Occurrence of Ground Water
Aquifers and Their Type – 1
Aquifers and Their Type – 2
Open Well and Dug Well
Tube Well – 1
Tube Well – 2

16. Questions on General and Particular Dams

The section contains questions on dams categories, particular dam type selections, important and various types of dams in india.

Categories of Dams
Factors Governing the Selection of a Particular Type of Dam
Important Dams of India
Various Types of Dams

17. Questions & Answers on Reservoirs and Dam Reservoirs Planning

The section contains questions and answers on reservoirs, reservoir site capacity and area elevation curves, reservoir losses, reservoir capacity determination using hydrograph and mass-curve.

Capacity and Area Elevation Curves of a Reservoir Site
Reservoir Capacity Determination Using Hydrograph and Mass-curve – 1
Reservoir Capacity Determination Using Hydrograph and Mass-curve – 2
Reservoir Losses

18. Questions on Gravity Dam Design and Construction

The section contains questions on gravity dam cross section and stability, gravity method, gravity daams design and galleries construction.

Gravity Dam Design – Typical Cross-section
Gravity Dams – Stability
Gravity Method
Design of Gravity Dams
Gravity Dams – Galleries Construction

19. Questions & Answers on Earthen and Rock Fill Dams

The section contains questions and answers on earthen dams types, earth dams design criteria and failures, earthen slopes stability, seepage control through embankments and foundations.

Types of Earthen Dams
Design Criteria of Earth Dams
Failure of Earthen Dams
Stability of Earthen Slopes
Rock Fill Dams – Seepage Control Through Embankments
Rock Fill Dams – Seepage Control Through Foundations

20. Questions on Spillways, Energy Dissipators and Spillway Gates

The section contains questions on spillway location, ogee spillway and profile, chute and shaft spillway, spillway energy dissipation and spillway gates types.

Location of Spillway
Ogee Spillway
Ogee Profile
Chute Spillway
Shaft Spillway
Energy Dissipation Below Overflow Spillway – 1
Energy Dissipation Below Overflow Spillway – 2
Types of Spillway Gates

21. Questions & Answers on Pressure Conduits, Outlet Works through Dames and Rivers

The section contains questions and answers on dam outlet, river intakes and pressure conduites.

Dam Outlet
River Intakes
Pressure Conduites

22. Questions on Hydro Electric Power

The section contains questions on thermal and hydropower, water power development, hydro electric scheme components, hydro electric power turbines types and their selection.

Thermal and Hydropower
Hydro Electric – Water Power Development
Hydro Electric Power – Turbines Types and their Selection
Principal Components of a Hydro Electric Scheme

23. Questions & Answers on River Navigation & Tank Irrigation

The section contains questions and answers on navigable waterways requirements, tank irrigation, tank or surplus escape weirs design.

Navigable Waterways Requirements
Tank Irrigation
Tank or Surplus Escape Weirs Design

24. Questions on Arch and Buttress Dams

The section contains questions on buttress dam types, arch dams types and design.

Arch Dams – Types
Arch Dams – Design
Buttress Dam – Types
If you would like to learn Irrigation Engineering thoroughly, you should attempt to work on the complete set of questions and answers mentioned above. It will immensely help anyone trying to crack an exam or an interview.

Here’s the list of Best Reference Books in Irrigation Engineering.

Wish you the best in your endeavor to learn and master Irrigation Engineering!

Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer & SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals & Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him @ LinkedIn