Human Physiology Questions and Answers – Excretory Products and Elimination – Composition and Conduction of Urine

This set of Human Physiology online quiz focuses on “Excretory Products and Elimination – Composition and Conduction of Urine”.

1. Maximum absorption of Na+ and K+ occurs in __________
a) Loop of Henle
b) Bowman’s capsule
c) DCT
d) PCT
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: PCT is proximal convoluted tubule. It is the convoluted portion of the vertebrate nephron that lies between Bowman’s capsule and the loop of Henle and functions in resorption of sugar, sodium and chloride ions.

2. In micturition ___________
a) Urethra relaxes
b) Ureters relax
c) Ureters contract
d) Urethra contracts
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Act of passing the urine is called as micturition. During micturition, Urethra relaxes and urine is passed out.

3. Glomerular hydrostatic pressure is present in ________
a) Tubule of kidney
b) Bowman’s capsule
c) Malpighian tubule
d) Glomerulus
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Glomerulus is a tuft of small blood vessels called capillaries located within Bowman’s capsule within the kidney. Blood enters Glomerulus by single arteriole called an afferent arteriole and leaves by an efferent arteriole.

4. Glomerular filtrate contains _________
a) Plasma without sugars
b) Blood without blood cells and proteins
c) Blood with proteins but without cells
d) Blood without urea
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Glomerular filtrate contains Blood without blood cells and proteins. It then filtered later.

5. Which one is an important constituent of rennin angiotensinogen aldosterone system?
a) Macular cells
b) Plasma cells
c) JGA cells
d) Erythropoietin
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: JGA cells contain three cell types. They secrete rennin enzyme.
Sanfoundry Certification Contest of the Month is Live. 100+ Subjects. Participate Now!

6. Haematuria means _________
a) RBCs in urine
b) WBCs in urine
c) Fats in urine
d) Urea in urine
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Haematuria is the presence of red blood cells in the urine. It is detected using a dipstick test.

7. Which of the following is not a nitrogenous waste?
a) Citrulin
b) Allantoin
c) Purines
d) Creatinine
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Citrulin is an alpha amino acid. They are important to heart and blood vessel health. They also boost the immune system.

8. Volume of urine is regulated by ___________
a) ADH
b) Aldosterone
c) ADH and Aldosterone
d) Aldosterone and testosterone
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: ADH and Aldosterone are hormones that tell the kidney to put water back in the blood. ADH is also known as vasopressin.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Human Anatomy and Physiology.


To practice all areas of Human Physiology for online Quizzes, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

If you find a mistake in question / option / answer, kindly take a screenshot and email to [email protected]

Subscribe to our Newsletters (Subject-wise). Participate in the Sanfoundry Certification contest to get free Certificate of Merit. Join our social networks below and stay updated with latest contests, videos, internships and jobs!

Youtube | Telegram | LinkedIn | Instagram | Facebook | Twitter | Pinterest
Manish Bhojasia - Founder & CTO at Sanfoundry
Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

Subscribe to his free Masterclasses at Youtube & discussions at Telegram SanfoundryClasses.