Human Physiology Questions and Answers – Digestion and Absorption – Liver

This set of Human Physiology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Digestion and Absorption – Liver”.

1. Where is the liver situated in the body?
a) Beside the pancreas
b) Beside heart
c) Above kidney
d) Above stomach
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Liver is located in the upper right hand portion of the abdominal cavity beneath the diaphragm and top of the stomach. It is a dark reddish brown organ.

2. Bile salts acts as activator of which enzyme?
a) Lipase
b) Pepsinogen
c) Pancreatic lipase
d) Trypsin
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Lipase is an enzyme which catalyses the hydrolysis of fats. Lipase performs essential role in digestion.

3. Bile salts help in emulsification of proteins.
a) True
b) False
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Bile salts help in emulsification of fats. It takes place in the liver. Fats are broken down into smaller molecules.

4. “Glisson capsule” is seen in _________
a) Kidneys
b) Liver
c) Pancreas
d) Stomach
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Glisson capsule is a layer of connective tissue surrounding the hepatic artery. It is seen in the liver. It is named after a scientist who discovered it.

5. Which of the following vitamin can be produced by the liver?
a) Vitamin A
b) Vitamin B
c) Vitamin C
d) Vitamin D
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Vitamin A can be produced by the liver. It is fat soluble and antioxidant.

6. Which of the following forms of viral hepatitis is caused by a defective single stranded RNA virus?
a) Hepatitis A
b) Hepatitis B
c) Hepatitis C
d) Hepatitis D
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Hepatitis D is a serious liver disease. It is transmitted from an infected individual through blood contamination or sexual contact.

7. Approximately how much bile is produced by the liver every 24hours?
a) 36 ounces
b) 30 ounces
c) 18 ounces
d) 24 ounces
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Approximately 24 ounces bile is produced by the liver in every 24hours.

8. What is the approximate weight of the liver in a healthy adult?
a) 1.4kg
b) 2.3kg
c) 0.9kg
d) 1.8kg
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: The liver of a normal healthy adult man weighs around 1.4kg. Its size is compared to a football ball.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Human Anatomy and Physiology.


To practice all areas of Human Anatomy and Physiology, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

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Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

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