This set of Human Physiology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Liver”.
1. Where is the liver situated in the body?
a) Beside the pancreas
b) Beside heart
c) Above kidney
d) Above stomach
Explanation: Liver is located in the upper right hand portion of the abdominal cavity beneath the diaphragm and top of the stomach. It is a dark reddish brown organ.
2. Bile salts acts as activator of which enzyme?
c) Pancreatic lipase
Explanation: Lipase is an enzyme which catalyses the hydrolysis of fats. Lipase performs essential role in digestion.
3. Bile salts help in emulsification of proteins.
Explanation: Bile salts help in emulsification of fats. It takes place in liver. Fats are broken down into smaller molecules.
4. “Glisson capsule” is seen in _________
Explanation: Glisson capsule is a layer of connective tissue surrounding the hepatic artery. It is seen in the liver. It is named after a scientist who discovered it.
5. Which of the following vitamin can be produced by the liver?
a) Vitamin A
b) Vitamin B
c) Vitamin C
d) Vitamin D
Explanation: Vitamin A can be produced by the liver. It is fat soluble and antioxidant.
6. Which of the following forms of viral hepatitis is caused by a defective single stranded RNA virus?
a) Hepatitis A
b) Hepatitis B
c) Hepatitis C
d) Hepatitis D
Explanation: Hepatitis D is a serious liver disease. It is transmitted from an infected individual through blood contamination or sexual contact.
7. Approximately how much bile is produced by the liver every 24hours?
a) 36 ounces
b) 30 ounces
c) 18 ounces
8. What is the approximate weight of the liver in a healthy adult?
Explanation: The liver of a normal healthy adult man weighs around 1.4kg. Its size is compared to a football ball.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Human Anatomy and Physiology.
To practice all areas of Human Anatomy and Physiology, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.