This set of Human Physiology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Reproductive Health”.
1. Which of the following groups includes all STD?
a) Hepatitis-B, Hemophilia, AIDS
b) AIDS, Syphilis, Cholera
c) Gonorrhea, Hepatitis-B, Chlamydiasis
d) HIV, Malaria, Trichomoniasis
Explanation: STD is sexually transmitted diseases. It is a disease which is transmitted through sexual contact and caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites. Gonorrhea, Hepatitis-B, Chlamydiasis are STDS.
2. MTP is considered safe up to how many weeks of pregnancy?
Explanation: MTP is Medical termination of pregnancy. It is a medical way of getting rid of unwanted pregnancy. It is also called an induced abortion. MTP is considered safe up to12 weeks of pregnancy.
3. Which of the following is the widely accepted method of contraception in India?
c) Cervical caps
Explanation: IUDs are intrauterine device. It is a birth control device that is inserted into woman’s uterus to recent pregnancy. IUDs is the widely accepted method of contraception in India.
4. The interferons are _________
b) Antibacterial proteins
c) Immunosuppressive drugs
d) Antiviral proteins
Explanation: The interferons are a group of signaling protein made and released by host cells in response to the presence of several pathogens like viruses, bacteria, parasites and also tumor cells.
5. Which of the following test is used to detect AIDS?
a) Western blot and ELISA
b) Northern blot and ELISA
c) ELISA and Southern blot
d) ELISA and Immunoblot
Explanation: ELISA is enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. It is a test that uses antibodies and color change to identify a substance. Western blot is used to detect specific proteins in a sample of tissue homogenate or extract.
6. Growth curve is normally _________
a) J shaped
b) S shaped
c) C shaped
d) V shaped
Explanation: Growth curve is an empirical model of the evolution of a quantity over time. It is S shaped curve. It has lag phase, log phase, stationary phase and death phase.
7. Causative agent of syphilis is _________
c) Treponema pallidum
d) Trichomonas vaginalis
Explanation: Syphilis is a bacterial infection usually spread by sexual contact that starts as a painless sore. Causative agent of syphilis is Treponema pallidum.
8. World population day falls on _________
a) 11TH July
b) 11th may
c) 10th July
d) 10th may
Explanation: World population day falls on11TH July. It is to raise awareness of global population issues.
9. Study of the human population is known as _________
Explanation: Demography is the study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or the incidence of diseases which illustrate changing structure of the human population.
10. What is the function of copper-T?
a) Stops cleavage
b) Checks mutation
c) Stops gastrulation
d) Stops fertilization
Explanation: Copper-T is a type of IUDs. It contains copper. It is used for birth control and emergency contraception. Copper-T Stops fertilization and inhibits pregnancy.
11. Amniocentesis is a process of _________
a) Know about brain disease
b) Grow cells on culture media
c) Determine disease of the embryo
d) Determine mutations
Explanation: Amniocentesis is a process in which amniotic fluid is sampled sing a hollow needle inserted into the uterus to screen for abnormalities in the developing fetus.
12. Saheli is _________
a) An oral contraceptive for females
b) A diaphragm used by males
c) A surgical sterilation method
d) A diaphragm used by females
Explanation: Saheli is world’s first and only oral non steroid contraceptive pill. It is also known as Centchroman. It has zero side effects.
13. Test tube baby employs which of the following technique?
Explanation: ZIFT is zygote intrafallopian transfer. It is used to treat infertility. Egg cells are removed from woman’s ovary and in vitro fertilized. The resulting zygote is placed into fallopian tube by use of laparoscopy.
14. Histamine is secreted by _________
a) Mast cells
b) Liver cells
d) Nerve cells
Explanation: Histamine is secreted by Mast cells. It increases the permeability of the capillaries to WBCs and some proteins to allow them to engage pathogens in the infected tissues.
15. AIDS is _________
a) Reduction in number of killer T cells
b) Reduction in number of Helper T cells
c) Autoimmune disease
d) Inability to produce interferons
Explanation: AIDS is acquired immune deficiency syndrome. It is caused by HIV. In this condition, there is a reduction in the number of Helper T cells.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Human Anatomy and Physiology.
To practice all areas of Human Anatomy and Physiology, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.