Human Physiology Questions and Answers – Digestion – Human Digestive Glands

This set of Human Physiology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Digestion – Human Digestive Glands”.

1. Which of the following is the largest gland?
a) Liver
b) Thymus
c) Pancreases
d) Thymus
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Liver is the largest gland of human body. It is present on the right side of the body.

2. Part of bile juice useful in digestion is __________
a) Bile pigments
b) Bile salts
c) Bile matrix
d) All of the mentioned
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Bile salts help in the absorption and digestion of fats. Many waste products are eliminated from the body by secretion into bile and elimination in feces.

3. Bile helps in __________
a) Digestion of proteins
b) Breaking down of nucleic acids
c) Emulsification of fats
d) Phagocytosis
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Bile is produced by liver. It helps in breaking down of large molecule of fats into smaller parts and this process is known as emulsification.

4. Name the digestive juice that lacks enzyme but helps in digestion.
a) Bile juice
b) Pancreatic juice
c) Ptyalin
d) Pepsin
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Bile juice doesn’t contain any enzyme. It helps in digestion of fats.

5. Stores liver’s digestive juice until they are needed by the intestines.
a) Pancreas
b) Gall bladder
c) Villi
d) Stomach
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Gall bladder stores the livers digestive juice. It is present under the liver. Gall bladder delivers bile into the small intestine.

6. RBC’s are broken down in abnormally large amounts in __________
a) Cirrhosis
b) Viral hepatitis
c) Hemolytic jaundice
d) Obstructive jaundice
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Hemolytic jaundice is caused due to increase in hemolysis. Unconjugated bIllirubin comes from the breakdown of the heme pigment found in RBC.

7. When starch is broken down by pancreatic amylase ______ is formed.
a) Glucose
b) Maltose
c) Peptides
d) Amino acids
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Maltose is a disaccharide formed from two units of glucose. When starch is broken down maltose is formed in the pancreas.

8. Which is the readily available source of energy in the body?
a) Protein
b) Carbohydrates
c) Lipids
d) Vitamins
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Carbohydrates is the readily available source of energy in the body. The simplest carbohydrate is glucose. It undergoes glycolysis to give energy.

9. Essential amino acids are those required in diet because body cannot produce it.
a) True
b) False
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Essential amino acids are those which are required in diet. Body is unable is produce it. It must come from food. There are 9 essential amino acids.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Human Anatomy and Physiology.

To practice all areas of Human Anatomy and Physiology, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

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Manish Bhojasia - Founder & CTO at Sanfoundry
Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

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