Human Anatomy Questions and Answers – Neurology – Spinal Cord, Medulla Spinalis, Brain & Encephalon

This set of Human Anatomy Questions and Answers for Freshers focuses on “Neurology – Spinal Cord, Medulla Spinalis, Brain & Encephalon”.

1. The brain and spinal cord together make up ________
a) CNS
b) ANS
c) PNS
d) Reflux actions
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord. It integrates information it receives from and coordinates and influences the activity of all parts of the body.

2. _______ is protected by bony vertebrate, adipose tissue, and spinal meninges and cerebrospinal.
a) Spinal reflexes
b) Central canal
c) Spinal cord
d) Epidural space
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Spinal cord is a long thin tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from medulla oblongata in the brain. It is made up of 31 segments.

3. ________ layer of meninges that is thin and contains many blood vessels and nerves.
a) Ependymal
b) Dura mater
c) Monosynaptic
d) Pia mater
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Pia mater is the innermost layer of meninges and attaches directly to the brain and spinal cord. It is a delicate layer.


4. ________ connects right and left sides of the spinal cord.
a) Cerebrospinal fluid barrier
b) Spinal nerves
c) Gray commissure
d) Subarachnoid space
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Gray commissure is a thin strip of grey matter that surrounds the central canal of the spinal cord along with the anterior white commissure, connects the two halves of the cord.

5. Membranes that lie between bone and soft tissue ____________
a) Ascending
b) Descending
c) Reflexes
d) Meninges
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Meninges are three layers are protective tissue that surrounds the neuraxis. The three layers are dura mater, arachnoid mater and pia mater.
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6. Which part of the human brain has a center for controlling breathing?
a) Cerebrum
b) Cerebellum
c) Diencephalon
d) Medulla oblongata
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Medulla oblongata is cone-shaped neuronal mass responsible for autonomic functions. This part of brain is centre for respiration and circulation.

7. Which part of the brain controls intellectual ability?
a) Frontal lobe
b) Parietal lobe
c) Temporal lobe
d) Occipital lobe
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Frontal lobe controls important cognitive skills such as emotional expression, problem solving, memory, language etc. it is the most common place for brain injury to occur.

8. Which part of the brain is concerned with the muscular movement?
a) Cerebellum
b) Thalamus
c) Temporal lobe of cerebrum
d) Occipital lobe
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Cerebellum is located behind the top part of the brain stem. it is made of two hemispheres. It coordinates and regulates muscular activity.

9. In human brain corpus callosum connects ____________
a) Two optic lobes
b) Bone and muscle
c) Two cerebral hemisphere
d) Two lobes of pituitary gland
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Corpus callosum is a part of the mind that allows communication between two hemispheres of the brain. It is responsible for transmitting neural messages between both right and left hemisphere.

10. Broca’s area of speech is present in ___________
a) Two optic lobes
b) Frontal lobe
c) Parietal lobe
d) Temporal lobe
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Broca’s area is important for putting words together to form complete sentences. It is present in Frontal lobe.

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Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

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