Human Physiology Questions and Answers – Digestive Disorders

This set of Human Physiology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Digestive Disorders”.

1. Pellagra is caused due to deficiency of ___________
a) Niacin
b) Pantothenic acid
c) Tocopherol
d) Cyanocobalamine
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Pellagra is caused due to deficiency of Niacin. It is characterized by diarrhea and dementia. If it is untreated it may result in death of that person.

2. A patient is advised to include more meat, lentils, milk and eggs in diet only when he suffers from _________
a) Maramus
b) Thyroid
c) Osteomalacia
d) Kwashiorkar
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Kwashiorkar is caused due to deficiency of proteins. It is characterized by edema, enlarged liver, ulcerating dermatoses.

3. Continued consumption of a diet rich in butter, red meat and eggs for long period may cause?
a) Toxicity
b) Kidney stones
c) Hypercholesterolemia
d) Urine with ketone bodies
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Hypercholesterolemia is caused due to high cholesterol in the blood. It may further lead to heart disease.

4. An obstruction in bile duct causes ____________
a) Jaundice
b) Malaria
c) Cholera
d) Acidity
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: An obstruction in bile duct causes Jaundice. It is caused due to the accumulation of bilirubin in the system.

5. Gall stones or alcohol abuse can lead to _________
a) Pancreatitis
b) Cystitis
c) Pancreatic cancer
d) None of the mentioned
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas. It is very painful. Gall stones are the leading cause. The stones get trapped in the bile duct leading to inflammation.
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6. How many types of viral hepatitis is present?
a) 5
b) 6
c) 3
d) 4
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: There are 5 types of viral hepatitis. They are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis D, and Hepatitis E.

7. Diarrhea takes out too much of water and minerals which causes _________
a) Lack of energy
b) Dryness
c) Hunger
d) Dehydration
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Diarrhea is a condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowl movements each day. It may lead to dehydration.

8. Which of the following cause a hiatal hernia?
a) Increased intrathorasic pressure
b) Weakness of diaphragm muscle
c) Increased esophageal muscle pressure
d) None of the mentioned
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: It is caused due to Weakness of diaphragm muscle and increased intra abdominal pressure. This makes the stomach slide into the esophagus.

9. In gastric acid perforates, which of the following actions should not be included in the immediate management?
a) Antacid administration
b) Fluid and electrolyte replacement
c) Blood replacement
d) Nasogastric tube suction
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Antacids aren’t helpful in perforation. The patient should be treated with antibiotics as well as fluid, electrolytes and blood replacement.

10. Which of the following test is used to diagnose ulcers?
a) EGD
b) Barium swallow
c) CT scan
d) X ray
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: EGD is used to visualize the entire upper GI tract, EGD stands for Esophagogastroduodenoscopy. The barium swallow is used to locate a gastric ulcer.

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Manish Bhojasia - Founder & CTO at Sanfoundry
Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

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