This set of Human Physiology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Digestive Disorders”.
1. Pellagra is caused due to deficiency of ___________
b) Pantothenic acid
Explanation: Pellagra is caused due to deficiency of Niacin. It is characterized by diarrhea and dementia. If it is untreated it may result in death of that person.
2. A patient is advised to include more meat, lentils, milk and eggs in diet only when he suffers from _________
Explanation: Kwashiorkar is caused due to deficiency of proteins. It is characterized by edema, enlarged liver, ulcerating dermatoses.
3. Continued consumption of a diet rich in butter, red meat and eggs for long period may cause?
b) Kidney stones
d) Urine with ketone bodies
Explanation: Hypercholesterolemia is caused due to high cholesterol in the blood. It may further lead to heart disease.
4. An obstruction in bile duct causes ____________
Explanation: An obstruction in bile duct causes Jaundice. It is caused due to the accumulation of bilirubin in the system.
5. Gall stones or alcohol abuse can lead to _________
c) Pancreatic cancer
d) None of the mentioned
Explanation: Pancreatitis is the inflammation of the pancreas. It is very painful. Gall stones are the leading cause. The stones get trapped in the bile duct leading to inflammation.
6. How many types of viral hepatitis is present?
Explanation: There are 5 types of viral hepatitis. They are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis D, and Hepatitis E.
7. Diarrhea takes out too much of water and minerals which causes _________
a) Lack of energy
Explanation: Diarrhea is a condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowl movements each day. It may lead to dehydration.
8. Which of the following cause a hiatal hernia?
a) Increased intrathorasic pressure
b) Weakness of diaphragm muscle
c) Increased esophageal muscle pressure
d) None of the mentioned
Explanation: It is caused due to Weakness of diaphragm muscle and increased intra abdominal pressure. This makes the stomach slide into the esophagus.
9. In gastric acid perforates, which of the following actions should not included in the immediate management?
a) Antacid administration
b) Fluid and electrolyte replacement
c) Blood replacement
d) Nasogastric tube suction
Explanation: Antacids aren’t helpful in perforation. The patient should be treated with antibiotics as well as fluid, electrolytes and blood replacement.
10. Which of the following test is used to diagnose ulcers?
b) Barium swallow
c) CT scan
d) X ray
Explanation: EGD is used to visualize entire upper GI tract, EGD stands for Esophagogastroduodenoscopy. The barium swallow is used to locate a gastric ulcer.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Human Anatomy and Physiology.
To practice all areas of Human Anatomy and Physiology, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.