# Complex Function Theory Questions and Answers – Continuity

This set of Complex Analysis Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Continuity”.

1. The function f(x, y)=$$\frac{x^2(2xy-3x)+9y}{3x-2y}$$ is which of the following?
a) Discontinuous at origin
b) Discontinuous at (1, 1)
c) Continuous at origin
d) Discontinuous at (2, 2)

Explanation: Origin implies the coordinates (0, 0)
Case 1: $$\lim_{x \to 0 \\ y \to 0}\frac{x^2(2xy-3x)+9y}{3x-2y}$$
$$\lim_{y \to 0}\frac{9y}{-2y}$$
=$$\frac{-9}{2}$$
Case 2: $$\lim_{y \to 0 \\ x \to 0}\frac{x^2(2xy-3x)+9y}{3x-2y}$$
$$\lim_{x \to 0}\frac{-3x^3}{3x}$$
=0
Since, both the limits are not equal, the function is not continuous at origin.

2. The function f(x, y)=$$\frac{2xy-3x}{3x-2y}$$ is continuous at (1, 1).
a) True
b) False

Explanation: Case 1: $$\lim_{x \to 1 \\ y \to 1}\frac{2xy-3x}{3x-2y}$$
$$\lim_{y \to 1}\frac{2y-3}{3-2y}$$=$$\frac{-1}{1}$$=-1
Case 2: $$\lim_{y \to 1 \\ x \to 1}\frac{2xy-3x}{3x-2y}$$
$$\lim_{x \to 1}\frac{2x-3x}{3x-2}$$=$$\frac{-1}{1}$$=-1
Case 3: $$\lim_{y \to mx \\ x \to 0}\frac{2xy-3x}{3x-2y}$$
$$\lim_{x \to 0}\frac{2mx^2-3x}{3x-2mx}$$=$$\frac{-3}{3-2m}$$
Since the cases are not same, f(x, y) is discontinuous at x=1.

3. f(x, y)=$$\frac{3xy+3y+3x}{5x+5y}$$ continuous at origin.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: Case 1: $$\lim_{x \to 0 \\ y \to 0}\frac{3xy+3y+3x}{5x+5y}$$
$$\lim_{y \to 0}\frac{3y}{5y}$$=$$\frac{3}{5}$$
Case 2: $$\lim_{y \to 0 \\ x \to 0}\frac{3xy+3y+3x}{5x+5y}$$
$$\lim_{x \to 0}\frac{3x}{5x}$$=$$\frac{3}{5}$$
Case 3: Along a linear path, $$\lim_{y \to mx \\ x \to 0}\frac{3xy+3y+3x}{5x+5y}$$
$$\lim_{x \to 0}\frac{3mx^2+3mx+3x}{5x}$$=$$\frac{3(m+1)}{5}$$
Since, the cases are not equal, f(x, y) is discontinuous at x=0.

4. If f(x)=$$\frac{x+3}{x^2-5x+6}$$ and g(x)=$$\frac{x-3}{x^2-6x+8}$$, then which of the following is correct?
a) f(x) is continuous at x=2 and g(x) is continuous at x=2
b) f(x) is discontinuous at x=3 and g(x) is discontinuous at x=2
c) f(x) is continuous at x=4 and g(x) is discontinuous at x=4
d) f(x) is discontinuous at x=3 and g(x) is continuous at x=2

Explanation: The denominator of f(x) is (x2-5x=6). When we factorize this, we get,
(x2-5x+6)=x2-2x-3x+6
(x2-5x+6)=(x-2)(x-3)
Since the denominator becomes 0 at x=2 and x=3, f(x) is discontinuous at x=2 and x=3.
The denominator of g(x) is (x2-6x+8). When we factorize this, we get,
(x2-6x+8)=x2-2x-4x+8
(x2-6x+8)=(x-2)(x-4)
Since the denominator becomes 0 at x=2 and x=4, f(x) is discontinuous at x=2 and x=4.

5. If f(x)=$$\frac{x+3}{x^2-5x}$$and g(x)=$$\frac{x-3}{x^2-6x}$$, then which of the following is correct?
a) f(x) is continuous at x=1 and g(x) is continuous at x=0
b) f(x) is discontinuous at x=6 and g(x) is discontinuous at x=5
c) f(x) is continuous at x=5 and g(x) is discontinuous at x=0
d) f(x) is discontinuous at x=5 and g(x) is continuous at x=5

Explanation: The denominator of f(x) is (x2-5x). When we factorize this, we get,
(x2-5x)=x(x-5)
Since the denominator becomes 0 at x=0 and x=5, f(x) is discontinuous at x=0 and x=5.
The denominator of g(x) is (x2-6x). When we factorize this, we get,
(x2-6x+8)=x(x-6)
Since the denominator becomes 0 at x=0 and x=6, f(x) is discontinuous at x=0 and x=6.
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6. The function f(x)=$$\frac{1}{x^3-3x^2-10x+24}$$is continuous at which of the following?
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 4

Explanation: When we substitute x=2, x=3 or x=4 in the function, we get the denominator as 0. There by, making the function discontinuous at these points.
At x = 1, we get f(1)=$$\frac{1}{12}$$ which is continuous.

7. The function f(x)=$$\frac{e^{-x}}{x(x-5)(x+2)}$$ is continuous at which of the following?
a) 0
b) 2
c) 5
d) The function is continuous at all points

Explanation: When we substitute x=0, x=5 or x=-2 in the f(x), we get the denominator as 0. This is because these are the points of discontinuity.
At x=2, we get f(2)=$$\frac{-1}{24}$$ which is continuous.

8. Which of the following is true about f(x)=tanx?
a) Continuous at x=$$\frac{\pi}{2}$$
b) Continuous at x=$$-\frac{3\pi}{2}$$
c) Continuous at x=0
d) Continuous at x=$$\frac{3\pi}{2}$$

Explanation: tanx=$$\frac{sinx}{cosx}$$
cosx=0 when x=$$\frac{\pm (n+1)\pi}{2}$$ which are points of discontinuity for the function, f(x)=tanx.

9. Which of the following is true about f(x)=sinx+cosx?
a) Continuous everywhere
b) Continuous at x=$$\frac{\pm n\pi}{2}$$, where n is any integer
c) Continuous at x=$$\frac{\pm (n+1)\pi}{2}$$, where n is any integer
d) Continuous at x=0

Explanation: The values of sinx and cosx never become infinity or non-determinable for any value of x. Therefore, the function f(x)=sinx+cosx is continuous at all points of x.

10. Which of the following is false if both f(x) and g(x) are continuous?
a) f(x)+g(x) is continuous
b) f(x)-g(x)is continuous
c) f(x)*g(x)is continuous
d) $$\frac{f(x)}{g(x)}$$ is continuous

Explanation: For $$\frac{f(x)}{g(x)}$$ to be continuous, the denominator needs to be greater than 0. If not, the function becomes infinity and cannot be determined, thereby becoming discontinuous.

11. Which of the following is discontinuous at x=9?
a) $$\frac{x^2-81}{x-9}$$
b) $$\frac{x^3-20x^2+117x-162}{x-9}$$
c) $$\frac{x^2-11x+18}{x(x-9)}$$
d) $$\frac{x^2-13x-90}{x-9}$$

Explanation: $$\frac{x^2-81}{x-9}$$=$$\frac{(x-9)(x+9)}{x-9}$$=(x-9) which is continuous at x = 9.
$$\frac{x^3-20x^2+117x-162}{x-9}$$=$$\frac{(x-9)^2(x-2)}{(x-9)}$$=(x-9)(x-2) which is continuous at x = 9.
$$\frac{x^2-11x+18}{x(x-9)}$$=$$\frac{(x-2)(x-9)}{x(x-9)}$$=$$\frac{(x-2)}{x}$$ which is continuous at x = 9.
$$\frac{x^2-13x-90}{x-9}$$=$$\frac{(x-18)(x+5)}{x-9}$$ which is discontinuous at x = 9, since the denominator becomes 0.

12. Which of the following functions are continuous at x=11?
a) $$\frac{1}{x^2+x-132}$$
b) $$\frac{1}{x^3-7x^2-40x-44}$$
c) $$\frac{1}{x^2-2x-143}$$
d) $$\frac{x-11}{x^3-23x^2+143x-121}$$

Explanation: $$\frac{1}{x^2+x-132}$$=$$\frac{1}{(x-11)(x+12)}$$ is discontinuous at x=11 since the denominator becomes 0.
$$\frac{1}{x^3-7x^2-40x-44}$$=$$\frac{1}{(x-11)(x+2)^2}$$is discontinuous at x=11 since the denominator becomes 0.
$$\frac{x-11}{x^3-23x^2+143x-121}$$=$$\frac{(x-11)}{(x-11)^2(x-1)}$$=$$\frac{1}{(x-11)(x-1)}$$is discontinuous at x=11 since the denominator becomes 0.
$$\frac{1}{x^2-2x-143}$$is continuous at x=11.

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