# Class 12 Physics MCQ – Combination of Capacitors

This set of Class 12 Physics Chapter 2 Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Combination of Capacitors”.

1. What is the equivalent capacitance when the 2 capacitors are connected in series?
a) Cs = C1 + C2
b) Cs = $$\frac {1}{C_1} + \frac {1}{C_2}$$
c) Cs = C1 + $$\frac {1}{C_2}$$
d) Cs = $$\frac {1}{C_1}$$ + C2
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: When 2 capacitors are connected in series, the equivalent capacitance Cs is given by
Cs = $$\frac {1}{C_1} + \frac {1}{C_2}$$
When the capacitors are connected in series, the charge passing through each capacitor is the same.

2. Find the equivalent capacitance of the combination shown below.

a) 7F
b) 5F
c) 6F
d) 8F
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Both 2 C capacitors are in series. So, equivalent resistance $$\frac {1}{C_s} = \frac {1}{2} + \frac {1}{2}$$ = 1F
Both 4 C capacitors are also in series. So, equivalent resistance $$\frac {1}{C_s} = \frac {1}{4} + \frac {1}{4} = \frac {2}{4} = \frac {1}{2}$$ → Cs = 2F
Both the above equivalent capacitances are parallel in combination with the 5 C capacitor.
So, Cp = 1 + 2 + 5 = 8 F
Therefore, the equivalent capacitance of the given combination is 8 F.

3. When is the effective capacitance of a capacitor increased?
a) When the capacitors are connected in series
b) When the capacitors are randomly connected
c) When the capacitors are connected in parallel
d) When the capacitors are connected in series and parallel simultaneously
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: The effective capacitance of a capacitor is increased when the capacitors are connected in parallel. When the capacitors are connected in parallel, the equivalent capacitance is given by:
Cp = C1 + C2 + C3 +…….
When the capacitors are connected in parallel, the potential difference across each capacitor is the same.
advertisement
advertisement

4. True power of a capacitor is 1.
a) True
b) False
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: True power is the actual power consumed by the equipment in order to do useful work in an AC circuit. The true power is measured in watts and signifies the power drawn by the circuit’s resistance to do useful work. But, a pure capacitor does not consume or dissipate any true power. So the true power of a capacitor is zero.

5. Three capacitors are connected in the shape of a triangle ABC as shown below. A voltage of 4V is applied between B and C. Calculate the voltage between A and C.

a) 2V
b) 3V
c) 4V
d) 5V
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Both the 2 C capacitors are in series, so, the equivalent capacitance is given by:
$$\frac {1}{C_s} = \frac {1}{2} + \frac {1}{2} = \frac {2}{2}$$ = 1μF; Cs = 1μF
Cs is parallel to 3 C capacitor, so overall capacitance is given by:
C = 1 + 3 = 4μF
C = $$\frac {Q}{V}$$
Total charge of the charge (Q) = 4 × 4 = 16μC
QBC = 3 × 4 = 12µC
Q = QBC + QAC
QAC = Q – QBC
QAC = 16 – 12 = 4μC
Therefore voltage between A and C = $$\frac {Q}{C} = \frac {4}{2}$$ = 2V
Sanfoundry Certification Contest of the Month is Live. 100+ Subjects. Participate Now!

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Physics – Class 12.

To practice all chapters and topics of class 12 Physics, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

advertisement

advertisement
advertisement
Subscribe to our Newsletters (Subject-wise). Participate in the Sanfoundry Certification contest to get free Certificate of Merit. Join our social networks below and stay updated with latest contests, videos, internships and jobs!

Youtube | Telegram | LinkedIn | Instagram | Facebook | Twitter | Pinterest
Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

Subscribe to his free Masterclasses at Youtube & discussions at Telegram SanfoundryClasses.