Physics Questions and Answers – Electron Emission

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This set of Physics Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Electron Emission”.

1. Identify the process in which an electron escapes from the metal surface.
a) Electron emission
b) Electron displacement
c) Electron transgression
d) Electron movement
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: The process in which an electron escapes from the metal surface is known as electron emission. Electrons are loosely bound to the nucleus, and therefore, a little energy push sets these electrons flying out of their respective orbits.
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2. How many types of electron emissions exist?
a) 2
b) 3
c) 4
d) 1
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: There are four types of electron emissions, namely, thermionic emission, photoelectric emission, secondary emission, and field emission. These are the different methods of producing electron emissions.

3. Which of the following are quick electron emissions?
a) Photoelectric emission
b) Field emission
c) Secondary emission
d) Thermionic emission
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Field electron emission, or simply field emission, is known as quick electron emissions because, in this type of electron emission, the emission of electrons is induced due to the presence of an electrostatic field.
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4. Thermionic emission is dependent on temperature.
a) True
b) False
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Yes, this is a true statement. Thermionic emission is the process of electron emission involving the liberation of electrons from an electrode by virtue of its temperature and this is done by releasing the energy supplied by heat. This happens as the thermal energy given to the charge carrier overcomes the work function of the material.

5. Find the wrong statement.
a) An electron gun is to create electrons and then accelerate them to a very high speed
b) Thermionic emissions and photoelectric emissions are the same
c) The kinetic energy of photoelectrons vary
d) Vacuum tubes are thermionic devices
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: No, thermionic emissions and photoelectric emissions are not the same. During thermionic emissions, the electrons are emitted from the metal surface by providing heat energy, whereas, during photoelectric emission light energy is emitted when electrons are emitted from the surface of the metal. So, it is the opposite in operation.
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Manish Bhojasia - Founder & CTO at Sanfoundry
Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer & SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals & Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him @ LinkedIn | Youtube | Instagram | Facebook | Twitter