Physics Questions and Answers – Electric Currents in Conductors

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This set of Physics Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Electric Currents in Conductors”.

1. Identify the type of materials which develop electric currents in them, when an electric field is applied.
a) Elastomers
b) Conductors
c) Insulators
d) Polymers
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: When an electric field is applied across the ends of conductors, the electrons begin to move under the action of the electric field. The flow of electrons constitutes electric current through the conductor.
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2. Which of the following is the most conductive element?
a) Aluminium
b) Lead
c) Silver
d) Hydrogen
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Silver is one of the most electrically conductive element. This is because electrons can move more freely in silver than any other elements. Silver also has the lowest contact resistance of any metal.

3. In nature, free charged particles exist in the upper strata of the environment called the stratosphere. State true or false.
a) True
b) False
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Free charged particles exist in the upper strata of environment called the ionosphere. It is a region which is ionized by solar radiation and includes parts of thermosphere, mesosphere and exosphere.
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4. To maintain a steady current through the conductor, some external device must do work. What does the external device provide?
a) Inductance
b) Capacitance
c) Potential difference
d) Electromotive force
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: To maintain steady current through the conductor, electromotive force must be provided by the external device to take positive charge from lower potential to higher potential i.e. in the direction opposite to that of the electric field.

5. Identify the type of conductors in which both positive and negative charges can move.
a) Thermosets
b) Metallic conductors
c) Electrolytic solutions
d) Polymers
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Electrolytic solutions are those that are capable of conducting an electrical current. They are generally ions, in which both positive and negative charges can move. Polymers and thermosets do not conduct electric charge. Electrons are the charge carriers in metallic conductors.
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Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Physics – Class 12.

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Manish Bhojasia - Founder & CTO at Sanfoundry
Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer & SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals & Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him @ LinkedIn | Youtube | Instagram | Facebook | Twitter