This set of Microbiology Problems focuses on “Viruses Containing Double – Stranded DNA”.
1. What is the shape of the nucleoid of poxviruses?
Explanation: Poxviruses contain double-stranded DNA, protein, and lipid and have a dumbbell-shaped nucleoid surrounded by two membrane layers.
2. The fatality rate for variola minor is ____________
Explanation: The less virulent variola minor (alastrim) has a fatality rate of only 0.1 to 0.3 percent which is very less in comparison to that of variola major.
3. For diagnosis of Smallpox viruses demonstration of Negri bodies is carried out.
Explanation: For diagnosis of Smallpox viruses the use of light microscopy to demonstrate inclusion bodies i.e., Guarnieri bodies in stained cells is carried out.
4. Which strain of adenoviruses can cause cancer?
a) Subgroup I
b) Subgroup II
c) Subgroup III
d) Subgroup IV
Explanation: Adenoviruses particularly those of subgroup IV can cause cancer or are oncogenic when inoculated into immunodeficient animals (newborn hamsters).
5. MDV virus affects which of the following?
Explanation: One of the animal herpesviruses is Marek’s disease virus (MDV), which affects the epithelium of feather follicles in chickens.
6. HSV-1 has been recognized as the causative agent of disease involving the genital tract.
Explanation: HSV-2 has been recognized as the causative agent of primary and recurrent disease involving the genital tract.
7. Which drug is used for healing genital herpes?
Explanation: Topical application of the drug acyclovir can shorten the healing time in primary genital herpes but has little effect in treatment of the recurrent form.
8. Mononucleosis is caused by which of the following viruses?
Explanation: Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis, a self-limiting disease which occurs in up to 80 percent of the population.
9. What is the size of papillomaviruses?
a) 30 nm
b) 45 nm
c) 2 nm
d) 55 nm
Explanation: The Papovaviruses are divided into two major groups among which one is papillomaviruses which are 55 nm in diameter.
10. SV 40 causes diseases in which animal?
Explanation: SV 40 occurs in monkeys and it was first discovered as a latent virus in cultures of rhesus monkey kidney cells.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Microbiology.
To practice all areas of Microbiology Problems, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.