This set of Class 11 Maths Chapter 5 Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations”. These MCQs are created based on the latest CBSE syllabus and the NCERT curriculum, offering valuable assistance for exam preparation.

1. Value of i(iota) is ____________

a) -1

b) 1

c) (-1)^{1/2}

d) (-1)^{1/4}

View Answer

Explanation: Iota is used to denote complex number.

The value of i (iota) is \(\sqrt{-1}\) i.e. (-1)

^{1/2}.

2. Is i(iota) a root of 1+x^{2}=0?

a) True

b) False

View Answer

Explanation: 1+x

^{2}= 0

1 + i

^{2}= 1 – 1 = 0.

So, it is a root of 1 + x

^{2}= 0.

3. In z=4+i, what is the real part?

a) 4

b) i

c) 1

d) 4+i

View Answer

Explanation: In z=a+bi, a is real part and b is imaginary part.

So, in 4+i, real part is 4.

4. In z=4+i, what is imaginary part?

a) 4

b) i

c) 1

d) 4+i

View Answer

Explanation: In z=a+bi, a is real part and b is imaginary part.

So, in 4+i, imaginary part is 1.

5. (x+3) + i(y-2) = 5+i2, find the values of x and y.

a) x=8 and y=4

b) x=2 and y=4

c) x=2 and y=0

d) x=8 and y=0

View Answer

Explanation: If two complex numbers are equal, then corresponding parts are equal i.e. real parts of both are equal and imaginary parts of both are equal.

x+3 = 5 and y-2 = 2

x = 5-3 and y = 2+2

x=2 and y=4.

6. If z_{1} = 2+3i and z_{2} = 5+2i, then find sum of two complex numbers.

a) 4+8i

b) 3-i

c) 7+5i

d) 7-5i

View Answer

Explanation: In addition of two complex numbers, corresponding parts of two complex numbers are added i.e. real parts of both are added and imaginary parts of both are added.

So, sum = (2+5) + (3+2) i = 7+5i.

7. 0+0i is ______________________for complex number z.

a) additive inverse

b) additive identity element

c) multiplicative identity element

d) multiplicative inverse

View Answer

Explanation: On adding zero (0+0i) to a complex number, we get same complex number so 0+0i is additive identity element for complex number z i.e. z+0 = z.

8. 1+0i is _________________ for complex number z.

a) additive inverse

b) additive identity element

c) multiplicative identity element

d) multiplicative inverse

View Answer

Explanation: On multiplying one (1+0i) to a complex number, we get same complex number so 1+0i is multiplicative identity element for complex number z i.e. z*1=z.

9. -z is _________________ for complex number z.

a) additive inverse

b) additive identity element

c) multiplicative identity element

d) multiplicative inverse

View Answer

Explanation: On adding negative of complex number (-z) to complex number z, we get additive identity element zero i.e. z+(-z)=0.

10. 1/z is _________________ for complex number z.

a) additive inverse

b) additive identity element

c) multiplicative identity element

d) multiplicative inverse

View Answer

Explanation: On multiplying reciprocal of complex number (1/z) to complex number z, we get multiplying inverse one i.e. z*1=z.

11. If z_{1} = 2+3i and z_{2} = 5+2i, then find z_{1}-z_{2}.

a) -3+1i

b) 3-i

c) 7+5i

d) 7-5i

View Answer

Explanation: In subtracting one complex number from other, difference of corresponding parts of two complex numbers is calculated. So, z

_{1}-z

_{2}= (2-5) + (3-2) i = -3+1i.

**More MCQs on Class 11 Maths Chapter 5:**

- Chapter 5 – Complex Numbers MCQ (Set 2)
- Chapter 5 – Complex Numbers MCQ (Set 3)
- Chapter 5 – Quadratic Equations MCQ (Set 1)
- Chapter 5 – Quadratic Equations MCQ (Set 2)
- Chapter 5 – Quadratic Equations MCQ (Set 3)

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