Mathematics Questions and Answers – Subsets – 1

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This set of Mathematics Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Subsets – 1”.

1. If every element of set X is in set Y then_____________
a) X⊂Y
b) Y⊂X
c) X=Y
d) X≠Y
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: If every element of set X is in set Y then X is called subset of Y. X⊂Y.
But every element of Y may or may not be the element of X so we can’t say Y⊂X and hence we can’t decide equality.
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2. If set A is equal to set B then ____________
a) A⊂B
b) B⊂A
c) A⊂B and B⊂A
d) neither A⊂B nor B⊂A
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: If set A is equal to set B then every element of set A is in set B i.e. A⊂B and every element of set B is in set A i.e. B⊂A. Hence A⊂B and B⊂A.

3. Let X= {1,2,3}, Y= {}, Z= {1,2,3}, then which of the following is true?
a) X⊂Y
b) Only Y⊂X and Y⊂Z
c) Z⊂Y
d) Y⊂X and Y⊂Z and X⊂Z
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Null set is the subset of every set so Y⊂X and Y⊂Z.
Since set X is equal to set Z so, Z⊂X and X⊂Z.
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4. Let A= {2,3,5} and B= {3,5,7}. Which of the following is true?
a) A⊂B
b) B⊂A
c) A=B
d) A⊂A
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Since every set is subset of itself so A⊂A and B⊂B.
Since every element of set A is not in set B so, A is not a subset of B. Also, every element of set B is not in set A so, B is not a subset of A. Hence, A≠B.

5. Let X be set of rational numbers. Which of the following is superset of X?
a) Set of real numbers
b) Set of natural numbers
c) Set of whole numbers
d) Set of integers
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: If X is subset of Y then Y is called superset of X. Set of rational numbers is subset of set of real numbers so, set of real numbers is called superset of X.
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6. Let X be set of rational numbers. Which of the following is not subset of X?
a) Set of real numbers
b) Set of natural numbers
c) Set of whole numbers
d) Set of integers
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Set of rational numbers { x : x=p/q where p and q are integers and q≠0}.
Set of real number is not a subset of X. Set of natural numbers, whole numbers, integers are subset of X.

7. Let A = {1, 3}, B = {1, 5, 9}, C = {1, 3, 5, 7, 9}. Then ___________
a) A⊂B
b) B⊂A
c) C⊂B and A⊂C
d) B⊂C and A⊂C
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Here A has two elements 1 and 3. They both belongs to C so, A⊂C. Here B has three elements 1, 5 and 9. They all belongs to C so, B⊂C.
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8. If an element x∈A and A⊂B then x∈B.
a) True
b) False
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: If A⊂B then every element of A is in set B. Since x is an element of A so, x also belong to B. x∈B is true.

9. If X∈A and A⊂B then X⊂B.
a) True
b) False
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Let X = {1,2}. A= {{1,2},3}, B= {{1,2},3,4}. Since elements of X does not belongs to set B so, X is not a subset of B. X⊂B is false.
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10. Let A = {1, 2, {3, 4}, 5}. Which of the following is true?
a) {3, 4} ⊂ A
b) {3, 4} ∈ A
c) {{3, 4}} ⊂ A
d) {1, 2, 5} ⊂ A
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Here A has elements 1,2, {3,4} and 5. So, {3, 4} ∈ A and {{3, 4}} ⊂ A. {1, 2, 5} ⊂ A. {3, 4} is not subset of A.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Mathematics – Class 11.

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Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer & SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals & Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him @ LinkedIn | Youtube | Instagram | Facebook | Twitter