This set of Engineering Physics Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Forces and Inertia”.
1. Internal force is responsible for the change in velocity of an object.
Explanation: The outside force exerted on an object by an external agency is called an external force. Such a force changes the velocity of an object.
2. Internal force holds together the particles as a single object.
Explanation: The mutual forces exerted by the particles of a system on one another are called internal forces. These forces are responsible for holding together the particles as a single object.
3. A hammer is resting on a plane surface. If force P is applied on the hammer along with a line not passing through its centre of mass, them the hammer
a) Moves along a straight line path
b) Stays still
c) Is thrown away
d) Rotates about its centre of mass
Explanation: If single force acts on a body and the line of action of force passes through the centre of mass, the body will have only linear acceleration. When the force is applied along with a line not passing through its centre of mass, then the hammer rotates about its centre of mass.
4. The point where whole weight may be assumed to act is called
a) Centre of mass
b) Centre of weight
c) Centre of gravity
d) Centre of acceleration
Explanation: The centre of mass of body is point where whole mass of the body may be assumed to be concentrated for describing its translator motion. On the other hand, the centre of gravity is a point at which the resultant of gravitational forces on all particles of the body acts.
5. The Sun’s attraction of both earth and moon are external forces acting on the centre of mass of the earth-moon system.
Explanation: The moon moves around the earth in a circular orbit and the earth moves around the sun in an elliptical orbit. Here the mutual force of gravitation between the earth and the moon are internal forces while the Sun’s attraction of both earth and moon are the external forces acting on the centre of mass of the earth-moon system.
6. Which of the following retain their relative positions even when they move under the action of an external force?
a) Rotation body
b) Stationary body
c) Rigid body
d) A body in equilibrium
Explanation: A body is said to be rigid if it does not undergo any change in its size and shape, however large the external force may be acting on it. A rigid body is one whose constituent particles retain their relative positions even when they move under the action of an external force.
7. On the application of a constant torque, a wheel is turned from rest through 400 radians in 10s. Find the angular acceleration.
a) 6 rad/s2
b) 4 rad/s2
c) 2 rad/s2
d) 8 rad/s2
ω_0=0 , t = 10s, α = ?
θ=ω0 t+1/2 αt2
400 = 0+1/2 α102
α = 8 rad/s2.
8. A ball of mass 2kg and another of mass 4kg are dropped together from a 60feet tall building. After a fall of 30 feet each towards earth, their respective kinetic energies will be in the ration of
Explanation: Both balls attain same velocity v after falling through 30 feet height.
E1/E2 =(1/2 m1 (v1)2)/(1/2 m2 (v2)2 )= (2v2)/(4v2 )=1/2=1:2.
9. How much water a pump of 2kW can raise in one minute to a height of 10m? (g=10m/s2)
Explanation: P = W/t=mgh/t
m = Pt/gh=(2000×60)/(10×10)=1200kg.
10. A body of mass 2kg is placed on a rough horizontal plane. The coefficient of friction between body and the plane is 0.2. Then,
a) Body will move in forward direction if F=3N
b) Body will move in backward direction with acceleration of 0.5m/s2, if force F=3N
c) If F=3N, then body will be in rest condition
d) The body will move both in forward during a particular period and then remain at rest
Explanation: Limiting friction, f = μR = μmg = 0.2×2×9.8=3.92N
When F>3.92N the body will move in a forward direction. When F=3N, the body will move to remain at rest.
Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Engineering Physics.
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