Engineering Physics Questions and Answers – Wave Motion – 1

This set of Engineering Physics Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Wave Motion – 1”.

1. A body of mass 5kg hangs from a spring and oscillates with a time period of 2π seconds. If the body is removed, the length of the spring will decrease by?
a) g/k meters
b) k/g meters
c) 2π meters
d) g meters
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Here
T=2π√(m/k)=2π or m/k=1
In equilibrium,
d=mg/k=1×g=g meters.

2. The time period of mass suspended from a spring is T. If the spring is cut into four equal parts and the same mass is suspended from one of the parts, then the new time period will be ___________
a) T/4
b) T
c) T/2
d) 2T
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: T=2π√(m/k), k=F/x
When the spring is cut into four equal parts,

3. Time period of a simple pendulum is 2sec. If its length is increased by 4 times, then its period becomes ___________
a) 8 sec
b) 12 sec
c) 16 sec
d) 4 sec
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: T/T=√(l/l)=√(4l/l)=2

4. If the length of a simple pendulum is increased by 2%, then the time period ___________
a) Increases by 1%
b) Decreases by 1%
c) Increases by 2%
d) Decreases by 2%
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: T∝√l
Percentage increase in time period,

5. A second’s pendulum is mounted in a rocket. Its period of oscillation will decrease when rocket is ___________
a) Moving down with uniform acceleration
b) Moving around the earth in geostationary orbit
c) Moving up with uniform velocity
d) Moving up with uniform acceleration
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: When at rest, T=2π√(l/g)
When the rocket moves up with uniform acceleration,
Clearly, T<T.
Sanfoundry Certification Contest of the Month is Live. 100+ Subjects. Participate Now!

6. A simple pendulum is suspended from the roof of a trolley which moves in a horizontal direction with an acceleration a, then the time period is given by T=2π√(l/g), where g is equal to ___________
a) g
b) g-a
c) g+a
d) √(g2+a2 )
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: As g and a are acting along perpendicular directions, the effective value of acceleration due to gravity is

7. In case of a forced vibration, the resonance peak becomes very sharp when the ___________
a) Damping force is small
b) Restoring force is small
c) Applied periodic force is small
d) Quality factor is small
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: When the damping force is small, the resonance peak is high and narrow.

8. A particle with restoring force proportional to displacement and resisting force proportional to velocity is subjected to a force Fsinωt. If the amplitude of the particle is maximum for ω=ω1 and the energy of the particle maximum for ω=ω2, then?
a) ω1≠ω0 and ω20
b) ω10 and ω20
c) ω1≠ω0 and ω2≠ω0
d) ω1≠ω0 and ω2≠ω0
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: In a driven harmonic oscillator, the energy is maximum at ω20 and amplitude is maximum at frequency, ω1 is lesser than ω0 in the presence of a damping of force. Therefore, ω1≠ω0 and ω20.

9. Two simple pendulums of lengths 5m and 20m respectively are given small linear displacement in one direction at the same time. They will again be in the phase when the pendulum of shorter length has completed.
a) 2 oscillations
b) 1 oscillation
c) 5 oscillations
d) 3 oscillations
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: T1/T2 =√(l1/l2)=√(5/20)=1/2
When the longer pendulum completes 2 oscillations, the shorter pendulum completes one oscillation and both are again in same phase.

10. The composition of two simple harmonic motions of equal periods at the right angle to each other and with a phase difference of π results in the displacement of the particle along?
a) Circle
b) Figure of eight
c) Straight line
d) Ellipse
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Let x = asinωt
This is the equation of a straight line.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Engineering Physics.

To practice all areas of Engineering Physics, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

If you find a mistake in question / option / answer, kindly take a screenshot and email to [email protected]

Subscribe to our Newsletters (Subject-wise). Participate in the Sanfoundry Certification contest to get free Certificate of Merit. Join our social networks below and stay updated with latest contests, videos, internships and jobs!

Youtube | Telegram | LinkedIn | Instagram | Facebook | Twitter | Pinterest
Manish Bhojasia - Founder & CTO at Sanfoundry
Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He lives in Bangalore, and focuses on development of Linux Kernel, SAN Technologies, Advanced C, Data Structures & Alogrithms. Stay connected with him at LinkedIn.

Subscribe to his free Masterclasses at Youtube & discussions at Telegram SanfoundryClasses.