This set of Engineering Physics Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Maxwell Boltzmann Statistics”.

1. Phase space is a ________

a) 3 Dimensional Space

b) 4 Dimensional Space

c) 5 Dimensional Space

d) 6 Dimensional Space

View Answer

Explanation: Phase space is a 6 Dimensional space, consisting of the position in x, y, and z directions and its momentum in these directions.

2. Maxwell-Boltzmann law is for the ________

a) Distinguishable particles

b) Indistinguishable Particles

c) Particles with half integral spin

d) Particles with integral spin

View Answer

Explanation: The Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics is for the distinguishable particles, which are basically the classical particles like atoms and molecules.

3. The Maxwell-Boltzmann law is given by the expression ________

a) \(\frac{1}{e^{(\frac{E}{kT})}} \)

b) \(\frac{1}{e^{(1+\frac{E}{kT})}} \)

c) \(\frac{1}{e^{(α+\frac{E}{kT})}} \)

d) \(\frac{1}{e^{(α+\frac{nE}{kT})}}\)

View Answer

Explanation: The correct expression for the Maxwell-Boltzmann law is \(\frac{1}{e^{(α+\frac{E}{kT})}} \), where k is the Boltzmann constant with value 1.98 X 10

^{-23}J/K and T is the Temperature. The constant α depends on the volume and the temperature of the gas.

4. Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics cannot be applied to _____________

a) Atoms

b) Molecules

c) Photons

d) Lattice

View Answer

Explanation: Maxwell-Boltzmann can only be applied to particles which are distinguishable. Photons are indistinguishable from one other.

5. The ratio of rms velocity to most probable velocity is ________

a) √3 : √2

b) √2 : √3

c) 3 : 2

d) 2 : 3

View Answer

Explanation: As we know, v

_{rms}= \(\sqrt{\frac{3RT}{M}}\, and\, v_p = \sqrt{\frac{2RT}{M}}\). They are derived from Maxwell’s speed distribution law. By dividing them, we get: vrms:vp = √3 : √2

6. The average kinetic energy associated with each degree of freedom is ________

a) kT

b) 2kT

c) kT/2

d) kT/4

View Answer

Explanation: According to the law of equipartition of energy, the average kinetic energy associated with each degree of freedom is kT/2. The total number of independent quantities are called its degree of freedom.

7. The density of molecules is maximum at which speed?

a) V_{rms}

b) V_{p}

c) V_{mean}

d) V_{inst}

View Answer

Explanation: Most of the particles are moving with the most probable speed. As the velocity increases further, the density of molecules moving with that particular speed decreases.

8. What would be the most probable velocity for one Oxygen molecule at 300 K?

a) 612 m/s

b) 714 m/s

c) 798 m/s

d) 821 m/s

View Answer

Explanation: Mass of one Oxygen molecule = 32 g/mol

= 32 X 10

^{-3}/6.022 X 10

^{23}

= 5.31 X 10

^{-26}Kg

Now,\(V_p = \sqrt{\frac{2kT}{M}}\)

Here, T = 300 K, k = 1.98 X 10

^{23}and M = 32

Therefore, \(V_p = \sqrt{\frac{2X 1.98X 30}{5.31}} \) X 10

^{4}

= 714 m/s.

9. Mass of A is 4 times that of B. What is the ratio of their mean velocities?

a) 1 : 4

b) 4 : 1

c) 1 : 2

d) 2 : 1

View Answer

Explanation: As we know, mean velocity = \(\sqrt{\frac{8kT}{\pi M}}\)

Now, M

_{a}= 4M

_{b}

Therefore, V

_{a}= \(\sqrt{\frac{8kT}{\pi M}}\)

And V

_{b}= \(\sqrt{\frac{8kT}{4\pi M}}\)

Dividing we get: V

_{a}: V

_{b}= 1:√4

= 1 : 2.

10. From the figure, what is the highest temperature?

a) T1

b) T2

c) T3

d) Insufficient Information

View Answer

Explanation: As we know, as the temperature increases, the maximum velocity of the particle decreases and the density of the particles moving with higher speed increases. Thus, the correct option is T3.

11. The Kinetic Energy of the particle is dependent on Temperature only.

a) True

b) False

View Answer

Explanation: As we know, the kinetic energy of the particles = 3RT/2. Hence, it depends on temperature only. If Pressure is increases, it will get compensated by a complimentary decrease in the volume.

12. As the temperature is increased, molecules moving with lower speed increases.

a) True

b) False

View Answer

Explanation: As the temperature is increased, the number of molecules travelling with lower speeds decreases whereas those travelling with higher speeds increases.

13. What is the Kinetic Energy of 2 g of oxygen at -23℃?

a) 186.2 J

b) 194.86 J

c) 201.45 J

d) 256.32 J

View Answer

Explanation: As we know, KE = 3nRT/2

Here, T = 250 K and R = 8.314 J/K

N = 2/32 = 1/16 mol

Therefore, KE = 3 X 8.314 X 250/32

= 194.86 J.

14. What is the rms speed of methane at 27℃?

a) 450 m/s

b) 532 m/s

c) 678 m/s

d) 745 m/s

View Answer

Explanation: As we know, \(v_{rms} = \sqrt{\frac{3kT}{M}}\)

Here, T = 300 K, k = 1.38 X 10

^{-23}J/K, M = 16/6.022 X 10

^{-26}= 2.65 X 10

^{-26}

Therefore, \(v_{rms} = \sqrt{\frac{3X 30 X 1.38}{2.65}}\) X 10

^{2}

= 678 m/s.

15. Which one of the following is the most probable speed?

a) A

b) B

c) C

d) D

View Answer

Explanation: As we know, the most probable speed is the speed at which most of the particles are moving. Thus, as we can see, most of the particles are moving when the velocity is B. Thus, it is the most probable velocity.

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