# Class 12 Maths MCQ – Three Dimensional Geometry – Angle between Two Planes – 2

This set of Class 12 Maths Chapter 11 Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Three Dimensional Geometry – Angle between Two Planes – 2”.

1. _____ is the angle between the normals to two planes.
a) Normal between the planes
b) The angle between the planes
c) Tangent between the planes
d) Distance between the planes

Explanation: The angle between the normals to two planes is called the angle between the planes. A trigonometric identity, cosine is used to find the angle called ‘θ’ between two planes.

2. If θ is the angle between the planes a1x + b1y + c1z + d1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c21z + d2 = 0 then
cos θ=$$\frac {a1a2.b1b2.c1c2}{\sqrt {a1^2+b1^2+c1^2} \sqrt {a2^2+b2^2+c2^2 }}$$.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: The formula to find angle between the normal of two planes is
cos θ=$$\frac {a1a2+b1b2+c1c2}{\sqrt {a1^2+b1^2+c1^2} \sqrt{a2^2+b2^2+c2^2 }}$$ not cos θ=$$\frac {a1a2.b1b2.c1c2}{\sqrt {a1^2+b1^2+c1^2} \sqrt {a2^2+b2^2+c2^2 }}$$ because the numerator should contain sum of co-efficients not their product.

3. What is the formula to find the angle between the planes a1x + b1y + c1z + d1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c2z + d2 = 0?
a) cos θ=$$\frac {a1a2+b1b2+c1c2}{\sqrt {a1^2+b1^2+c1^2} \sqrt {a2^2+b2^2+c^2 }}$$
b) sec θ=$$\frac {a1a2+b1b2+c1c2}{\sqrt {a1^2+b1^2+c1^2} \sqrt{a2^2+b2^2+c2^2 }}$$
c) cos θ=$$\frac {a1a2.b1b2.c1c2}{\sqrt {a1^2+b1^2+c1^2} \sqrt{a2^2+b2^2+c2^2 }}$$
d) cot θ=$$\frac {a1a2+b1b2+c1c2}{\sqrt {a1^2+b1^2+c1^2} \sqrt{a2^2+b2^2+c2^2 }}$$

Explanation: The formula to find the angle between the planes a1x + b1y + c1z + d1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c2z + d2 = 0 is cos θ=$$\frac {a1a2+b1b2+c1c2}{\sqrt {a1^2+b1^2+c1^2} \sqrt {a2^2+b2^2+c2^2 }}$$. θ is the angle between the normal of two planes.

4. Which trigonometric function is used to find the angle between two planes?
a) Tangent
b) Cosecant
c) Secant
d) Sine

Explanation: The symbol ‘θ’ represents the angle between two planes. A trigonometric function called cosine is used the find the angle i.e.; θ between the normal of two planes.

5. Find s for the given planes 2x + 2y + sz + 2 = 0 and 3x + y + z – 2 = 0, if they are perpendicular to each other.
a) 21
b) – 7
c) 12
d) – 8

Explanation: If their normals are perpendicular to each other then a1a2 + b1b2 + c1c2 = 0.
2(3) + 2(1) + s(1) = 0
s(1) = – 8
k = – 8

6. What is the relation between the the planes a1x + b1y + c1z + d1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c21z + d2 = 0, if their normal are parallel to each other?
a) $$\frac {a1}{b1} = \frac{a2}{c1} = \frac{c2}{b2}$$
b) $$\frac {a1}{a2} = \frac{b1}{c2} = \frac{c1}{b2}$$
c) $$\frac {a1}{a2} = \frac{b1}{b2} = \frac{c1}{c2}$$
d) $$\frac {c1}{a2} = \frac{b1}{b2} = \frac{a1}{c2}$$

Explanation: Relation between the planes a1x + b1y + c1z + d1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c21z + d2 = 0, if their normal are parallel to each other is a1 : b1 : c1 = a2 : b2 : c2 ⇒ $$\frac {a1}{a2} = \frac{b1}{b2} = \frac{c1}{c2}$$.

7. What is the relation between the planes a1x + b1y + c1z + d1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c21z + d2 = 0, if their normal are perpendicular to each other?
a) a1a2 . b1b2 . c1c2 = 0
b) a1a2 + b1b2 + c1c2 = 0
c) a1a2 + b1b2 – c1c2 = 0
d) a1a2 + b1b2 – c1c2 = 0

Explanation: θ = 90 degrees ⇒ cos θ
a1a2 + b1b2 – c1c2 = 0
Relation between the planes a1x + b1y + c1z + d1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c21z + d2 = 0, if their normal are perpendicular to each other is a1a2 + b1b2 + c1c2 = 0.

8. _____ planes have an angle 90 degrees between them.
a) Orthogonal
b) Tangential
c) Normal
d) Parallel

Explanation: The planes which are perpendicular to each other i.e.; having an angle 90 degrees between them are called orthogonal planes. Hence, Orthogonal planes have an angle 90 degrees between them.

9. The condition a1a2 + b1b2 + c1c2 = 0 is for the planes whose normals are _____ to each other.
a) integral
b) parallel
c) perpendicular
d) concentric

Explanation: θ = 90 degrees ⇒ cos θ
a1a2 + b1b2 – c1c2 = 0
Relation between the planes a1x + b1y + c1z + d1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c21z + d2 = 0, if their normal are perpendicular to each other is a1a2 + b1b2 + c1c2 = 0.

10. The condition $$\frac {a1}{a2} = \frac{b1}{b2} = \frac{c1}{c2}$$ is for the planes whose normals are _____ to each other.
a) perpendicular
b) parallel
c) differential
d) tangential

Explanation: Relation between the planes a1x + b1y + c1z + d1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c21z + d2 = 0, if their normal are parallel to each other is a1 : b1 : c1 = a2 : b2 : c2 ⇒ $$\frac {a1}{a2} = \frac{b1}{b2} = \frac{c1}{c2}$$.

11. Find the angle between 2x + 3y – 2z + 4 = 0 and 4x + 3y + 2z + 2 = 0.
a) 38.2
b) 19.64
c) 89.21
d) 54.54

Explanation: Angle between two planes cos cos θ=$$\frac {a1a2+b1b2+c1c2}{\sqrt {a1^2+b1^2+c1^2} \sqrt {a2^2+b2^2+c2^2 }}$$
cos θ = 0.58
θ = cos-1(0.58)
θ = 54.54

12. Find the angle between x + 2y + 7z + 2 = 0 and 4x + 4y + z + 2 = 0.
a) 69.69
b) 84.32
c) 63.25
d) 83.25

Explanation: Angle between two planes cos θ=$$\frac {a1a2+b1b2+c1c2}{\sqrt {a1^2+b1^2+c1^2} \sqrt {a2^2+b2^2+c2^2 }}$$
cos θ = 0.45
θ = 63.25

13. The planes 5x + y + 3z + 1 = 0 and x + y – kz + 6 = 0 are orthogonal, find k.
a) 4
b) 2
c) 6
d) 8

Explanation: Relation between the planes a1x + b1y + c1z + d1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c21z + d2 = 0, if their normal are perpendicular to each other is a1a2 + b1b2 + c1c2 = 0.
5(1) + 1(1) + 3(-k) = 0
-3k = -6
K = 2

14. Find the angle between the planes 5x + y + 3z + 1 = 0 and x + y – 2z + 6 = 0.
a) 30.82
b) 34.91
c) 11.23
d) 7.54

Explanation: Angle between two planes cos θ=$$\frac {a1a2+b1b2+c1c2}{\sqrt {a1^2+b1^2+c1^2} \sqrt {a2^2+b2^2+c2^2 }}$$
cos θ = 0.82
θ = 34.91

15. Find k for the given planes x + 2y + kz + 2 = 0 and 3x + 4y – z + 2 = 0, if they are perpendicular to each other.
a) 21
b) 17
c) 12
d) 11

Explanation: Relation between the the planes a1x + b1y + c1z + d1 = 0 and a2x + b2y + c21z + d2 = 0, if their normal are perpendicular to each other is a1a2 + b1b2 + c1c2 = 0.
1(3) + 2(4) + k(-1) = 0
k(-1) = -11
k = 11

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Mathematics – Class 12.

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