# Playfair Cipher Multiple Choice Questions and Answers (MCQs)

This set of Data Structures & Algorithms Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Playfair Cipher”.

1. What is the alternative name of playfair cipher?
b) Wheatstone playfair cipher
c) Playfair rectangle
d) Wheatstone cipher

Explanation: Playfair cipher is also known by the name of Wheatstone playfair cipher. It is because it was discovered by Charles Wheatstone but was promoted by Lord Playfair.

2. Playfair cipher is an example of __________
a) mono-alphabetic cipher
b) poly-alphabetic cipher
c) transposition cipher

Explanation: Playfair cipher is a substitution cipher. It falls under the category of poly alphabetic cipher as it uses multiple substitution at different positions in order to cipher the plain text.

3. Encryption in Autokey cipher is done using __________
a) a 5×5 table
b) a 13×2 table
c) vigenere table
d) a 6×6 table

Explanation: Encryption of plain text in playfair cipher is done using a 5×5 table. In this table, all the alphabets of the keyword are arranged row wise by eliminating any duplicates then the remaining letters of the alphabet are placed. One of the alphabet has to be omitted in order to fit all the alphabets in the table.

4. Which of the following correctly defines poly graphic substitution cipher?
a) a substitution based cipher which uses multiple substitutions at different positions
b) a substitution based cipher which uses fixed substitution over entire plain text
c) a substitution based cipher in which substitution is performed over a block of letters
d) a transposition based cipher which uses fixed substitution over entire plain text

Explanation: Poly graphic cipher is a type of substitution cipher in which substitution is performed over a block of letters. Playfair cipher is an example of poly graphic cipher.

5. Which of the following was the first diagram substitution cipher?
a) autokey cipher
b) hill cipher
d) playfair cipher

Explanation: Poly graphic cipher is a type of substitution cipher in which substitution is performed over a block of letters. In diagram substitution, two adjacent letters are substituted simultaneously. Playfair cipher was the first diagram substitution cipher.
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6. Which of the following is hardest to break using frequency analysis?
a) Vigenere cipher
b) Autokey cipher
c) Playfair cipher
d) Rotor cipher

Explanation: Out of the given options playfair cipher is the hardest cipher to break using frequency analysis. It is because it does not substitute letters of the word individually but it encrypts them in pairs of two.

7. Playfair cipher is harder to crack than keyword cipher.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: Keyword cipher is less secure than playfair cipher. It is due to the fact that keyword cipher is mono alphabetic and thus can be cracked using frequency analysis. But playfair cipher being a poly graphic substitution cipher is harder to break using this method.

8. What will be the plain text corresponding to cipher text “BPKYFS” if playfair cipher is used with keyword as “SECRET” (assuming j is combined with i)?
a) INDIAN
b) WORLD
c) DOLLAR
d) HELLO

Explanation: To decrypt the message we follow the reverse procedure. The table is formed in the same manner. Applying this we get the plain text to be “DOLLAR”.

9. What is the rule for encryption in playfair cipher if the letters in a pair are identical?
a) then that pair is neglected
b) a null is added in between the letters
c) one of the identical letter is replaced by some other letter
d) then both of the letters are replaced by the letter appearing just next in the row

Explanation: In playfair cipher if the letters in a pair are identical then a null is added in between the letters. Any letter can be used as a null as long as that letter is not the one being repeated.

10. What is the rule for encryption in playfair cipher if the letters in a pair appear in same row?
a) they are replaced by the letter appearing immediately below them respectively
b) they are replaced by the letter appearing immediately right to them respectively
c) they are replaced by the letter at the corner of the row
d) that pair is neglected

Explanation: If the letters in a pair appear in same row then they are replaced by the letters appearing immediately right to them respectively. If the element to be replaced appears at the corner of the row then we wrap around to the left side of that row.

11. What will be the ciphered text if the string “SANFOUNDRY” is given as input to the code of playfair cipher with keyword as “SECRET” (assuming j is combined with i)?
a) ZHQAPNPAFR
b) AHQAPNPAFR
c) HAQAPNPAFR
d) QHAAPNPAFR

Explanation: For encrypting the plain text using playfair cipher we use a 5×5 table that is constructed by using keyword. Then we apply rules for encryption in order to get the ciphered text. Table is given as under-

```S E C R T
A B D F G
H I K L M
N O P Q U
V W X Y Z```

12. What is the rule for encryption in playfair cipher if the letters in a pair appear in same column?
a) they are replaced by the letter appearing immediately below them respectively
b) they are replaced by the letter appearing immediately right to them respectively
c) they are replaced by the letters at the corner of the row
d) that pair is neglected

Explanation: If the letters in a pair appear in the same column then they are replaced by the letters appearing immediately below them respectively. If the element to be replaced appears at the corner of the column then we wrap around to the top side of that column.

13. What is the rule for encryption in playfair cipher if the letters in a pair does not appear in same row or column?
a) they are replaced by the letter appearing immediately below them respectively
b) they are replaced by the letter appearing immediately right to them respectively
c) they are replaced by the letter of the same row at the corner of the rectangle defined by the original pair respectively
d) that pair is neglected

Explanation: If the letters in a pair does not appear in same row or column then they are replaced by the letters of the same row at the corner of the rectangle defined by the original pair respectively. The order of letters should be maintained.

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