This set of Data Structures & Algorithms Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “GCD and LCM using Recursion – 1”.

1. Which of the following is not an alias for GCD?

a) LCM

b) GCM

c) GCF

d) HCF

View Answer

Explanation: LCM (Least Common Multiple) is not an alias for GCD while GCM (Greatest Common Measure), GCF (Greatest Common Factor), HCF (Highest Common Factor).

2. What is the GCD of 8 and 12?

a) 8

b) 12

c) 2

d) 4

View Answer

Explanation: GCD is largest positive integer that divides each of the integer. So the GCD of 8 and 12 is 4.

3. If GCD of two number is 8 and LCM is 144, then what is the second number if first number is 72?

a) 24

b) 2

c) 3

d) 16

View Answer

Explanation: As A * B = GCD (A, B) * LCM (A, B). So B= (144 * 8)/72.

4. Which of the following is also known as GCD?

a) Highest Common Divisor

b) Highest Common Multiple

c) Highest Common Measure

d) Lowest Common Multiple

View Answer

Explanation: GCM (Greatest Common Measure), GCF (Greatest Common Factor), HCF (Highest Common Factor) and HCF (Highest Common Divisor) are also known as GCD.

5. Which of the following is coprime number?

a) 54 and 24

b) 4 and 8

c) 6 and 12

d) 9 and 28

View Answer

Explanation: Coprime numbers have GCD 1. So 9 and 28 are coprime numbers. While 54 and 24 have GCD 6, 4 and 8 have GCD 4, 6 and 12 have GCD 6.

6. In terms of Venn Diagram, which of the following expression gives GCD (Given A ꓵ B ≠ Ø)?

a) Multiplication of A U B terms

b) Multiplication of A ꓵ B terms

c) Multiplication of A*B terms

d) Multiplication of A-B terms

View Answer

Explanation: In terms of Venn Diagram, the GCD is given by the intersection of two sets. So A ꓵ B gives the GCD. While A U B gives the LCM.

7. What is the GCD according to the given Venn Diagram?

a) 2

b) 3

c) 5

d) 6

View Answer

Explanation: In terms of Venn Diagram, the GCD is given by the intersection of two sets. So A ꓵ B gives the GCD. While A U B gives the LCM. So here A ꓵ B is 5.

8. What is the GCD of a and b?

a) a + b

b) gcd (a-b, b) if a>b

c) gcd (a+b, a-b)

d) a – b

View Answer

Explanation: As per Euclid’s Algorithm, gcd (a, b) = gcd (a-b, b) if a > b or gcd (a, b) = gcd (a, b-a) if b > a.

9. What is the GCD of 48, 18, 0?

a) 24

b) 2

c) 3

d) 6

View Answer

Explanation: GCD is largest positive integer that divides each of the integer. So the GCD of 48, 18, 0 is 6.

10. Is 9 and 28 coprime number?

a) True

b) False

View Answer

Explanation: Coprime numbers have GCD 1. So 9 and 28 are coprime numbers.

11. If gcd (a, b) is defined by the expression, d=a*p + b*q where d, p, q are positive integers and a, b is both not zero, then what is the expression called?

a) Bezout’s Identity

b) Multiplicative Identity

c) Sum of Product

d) Product of Sum

View Answer

Explanation: If gcd (a, b) is defined by the expression, d=a*p + b*q where d, p, q are positive integers and a, b is both not zero, then the expression is called Bezout’s Identity and p, q can be calculated by extended form of Euclidean algorithm.

12. Is gcd an associative function.

a) True

b) False

View Answer

Explanation: The gcd function is an associative function as gcd (a, gcd (b, c)) = gcd (gcd (a, b), c).

13. Which is the correct term of the given relation, gcd (a, b) * lcm (a, b) =?

a) |a*b|

b) a + b

c) a – b

d) a / b

View Answer

Explanation: The gcd is closely related to lcm as gcd (a, b) * lcm (a, b) = |a*b|.

14. Who gave the expression for the probability and expected value of gcd?

a) James E. Nymann

b) Riemann

c) Thomae

d) Euler

View Answer

Explanation: In the year 1972, James E. Nymann showed some result to show the probability and expected value of gcd.

15. What is the computational complexity of Binary GCD algorithm where a and b are integers?

a) O (log a + log b)^{2})

b) O (log (a + b))

c) O (log ab)

d) O (log a-b)

View Answer

Explanation: From the Binary GCD algorithm, it is found that the computational complexity is O (log a + log b)

^{2}) as the total number of steps in the execution is at most the total sum of number of bits of a and b.

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