This set of Data Structure Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Uniform Binary Search”.

1. When is the uniform binary search an optimization over the usual binary search?

a) A table lookup is generally faster than an addition and a shift

b) Many searches will be performed on the same array

c) Many searches will be performed on several arrays of the same length

d) All of the mentioned

View Answer

Explanation: Suitable for architectures such as Knuth’s MIX and MMIX and this algorithm was proposed by Donald Knuth.

2. Which of the following is a suitable lookup table that can be used in the uniform binary search?(N is the number of elements in the array and the delta array is global)

a)

public static void make_delta(int N) { int power = 1; int i = 0; do { int half = power; power <<= 1; delta[i] = (N + half) / power; } while (delta[i++] != 0); }

b)

public static void make_delta(int N) { int power = 0; int i = 0; do { int half = power; power <<= 1; delta[i] = (N + half) / power; } while (delta[i++] != 0); }

c)

public static void make_delta(int N) { int power = 1; int i = 0; do { int half = power; power >>= 1; delta[i] = (N + half) / power; } while (delta[i++] != 0); }

d)

public static void make_delta(int N) { int power = 1; int i = 0; do { int half = power; power <<= 1; delta[i] = (N - half) / power; } while (delta[i++] != 0); }

Explanation: This provides a single lookup index and the values are dependent on the the number of elements(N) in the array.

3. Given delta[4] is a global array and number of elements in the sorted array is 10, what are the values in the delta array?

a) 4, 3, 1, 0

b) 5, 3, 1, 0

c) 4, 2, 1, 1

d) 5, 2, 1, 1

View Answer

Explanation: Trace with respect to the make_delta function, always note that the last element is always 0.

4. Choose the appropriate code snippet that performs uniform binary search.

a)

public static int unisearch(int key) { int i = delta[0] - 1; int j = 0; while (true) { if (key == arr[i]) return i; else if (delta[j] == 0) return -1; else { if (key < arr[i]) i += delta[++j]; else i -= delta[++j]; } } }

b)

public static int unisearch(int key) { int i = delta[1] - 1; int j = 0; while (true) { if (key == arr[i]) return i; else if (delta[j] == 0) return -1; else { if (key < arr[i]) i -= delta[++j]; else i += delta[++j]; } } }

c)

public static int unisearch(int key) { int i = delta[0] - 1; int j = 0; while (true) { if (key == arr[i]) return i; else if (delta[j] == 0) return -1; else { if (key < arr[i]) i -= delta[++j]; else i += delta[++j]; } } }

d) None of the mentioned

View Answer

Explanation: Unlike the usual binary search which a low, high and a mid variable and every time comparing the key with the mid value, the comparing index is obtained from the lookup delta table, choosing the left or right side of the array is same as with the normal binary search.

5. What is the time complexity of uniform binary search?

a) O(nlogn)

b) O(logn)

c) O(n)

d) O(n^{2})

View Answer

Explanation: With every iteration we are dividing the array into two parts(though not equal halves), the complexity remains same as the normal binary search.

6. Given, arr = {1,3,5,6,7,9,14,15,17,19} key = 17 and delta = {5,3,1,0}

How many key comparisons are made?(exclude the comparison used to decide the left or right sub array)

a) 4

b) 3

c) 5

d) 6

View Answer

Explanation: Tracing with the above code, comparison #1: i=4, comparison #2: i=7, comparison #3: i=8

7. How can Jump Search be improved?

a) Start searching from the end

b) Begin from the kth item, where k is the step size

c) Cannot be improved

d) Step size should be other than sqrt(n)

View Answer

Explanation: This gives a very slight improvement as you are skipping the first k elements.

8. Which of the following false about Jump Search?

a) Jump Search is better than Linear Search

b) Useful when jumping back is more costly than jumping forward

c) Jump Search is worse than Binary Search

d) None of the mentioned

View Answer

Explanation: All of the statements are true, Linear search has O(n) complexity and Binary search has O(logn) complexity, in Jump search you have to jump backwards only once, hence it is preferable if jumping backwards is costly.

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