# Food Processing Unit Operations Questions and Answers – Mechanical Separation – Centrifugation Equipment

This set of Food Processing Unit Operations Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Mechanical Separation – Centrifugation Equipment”.

1. What is maximum speed of low speed centrifuge?
a) 1000-2000rpm
b) 3000-4000rpm
c) 4000-5000rpm
d) 5000-6000rpm

Explanation: Most laboratories have a low-speed centrifuge used for routine sedimentation of heavy particles and the low-speed centrifuge has a maximum speed of 4000-5000rpm.

2. Which of the following used for sedimentation of red blood cells?
a) Low speed centrifuge
b) High speed centrifuge
c) Ultra centrifuge
d) Vacuum centrifuge

Explanation: Low speed centrifuge is used for sedimentation of red blood cells until the particles are tightly packed into a pellet and supernatant is separated by decantation.

3. What is maximum speed of high speed centrifuge?
a) 10000-20000rpm
b) 15000-20000rpm
c) 30000-50000rpm
d) 50000-60000rpm

Explanation: High-speed centrifuges are used in biochemical applications. The high-speed centrifuge has a maximum speed of 15,000 – 20,000 RPM.

4. What are factors that affect high-speed centrifuges?
a) Speed and temperature
b) Pressure and temperature
c) Concentration and speed
d) Pressure and speed

Explanation: High-speed centrifuges are used in biochemical applications, the factors that affect are higher speeds and temperature control of the rotor chamber.

5. Which of the following statements about ultracentrifugeare correct?
Statement 1: Ultracentrifuge has a maximum speed of 85,000 RPM.
Statement 2: It is used for both preparative work and analytical work.
a) True, False
b) True, True
c) False, True
d) False, False

Explanation: Ultracentrifuge has a maximum speed of 65,000 RPM. Intense heat is generated due to high speed thus the spinning chambers must be refrigerated and kept at a high vacuum. It is used for both preparative work and analytical work.
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6. Identify the type of centrifuge equipment.

a) Horizontal bowl scroll discharge
b) Longitudinal bowl scroll discharge
c) Vertical bowl scroll discharge
d) Latitude bowl scroll discharge

Explanation: In horizontal bowl scroll discharge, centrifugal forces cause immediate sedimentation of the solids on the wall of bowl. The conveyor rotates in the same direction as the bowl, but at different speed, thus moving the solids near the conical end of the bowl.

7. Which industry uses centrifuge test?
a) Sugar industry
b) Oil industry
c) Bakery industry
d) Salt industry

Explanation: Oil industries uses centrifuge test. A Centrifuge test is a fully programmable process which allows automatic configuration of specified oil test parameters.

8. What is the other name for screen centrifuge?
a) Low speed centrifuge
b) High speed centrifuge
c) Ultra centrifuge
d) Conveyor discharge centrifuge

Explanation: Screen centrifuge is also known as worm screen or conveyor discharge centrifuge. It is widely used for the separation of crystalline, granular or fibrous materials from a solid-liquid mixture.

9. Which centrifuge used for separating caffeine?
a) Low speed centrifuge
b) Peeler centrifuge
c) Ultra centrifuge
d) Conveyor discharge centrifuge

Explanation: Peeler centrifuge is used for separating caffeine. The peeler centrifuge has rotating filtration basket connected in at axis. The principle of centrifugal force is to separate solids from liquids by density difference.

10. What is the fixed angle of rotors in centrifuge?
a) 10° and 20°
b) 14° and 40°
c) 20° and 40°
d) 34° and 48°

Explanation: In fixed angles, the tubes are fixed at angle between 14° and 40° to the vertical. Under the influence of centrifugation particles move radially outward and have short distance to travel before colliding withthe outer wall of the centrifuge tube.

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