# MATLAB Questions and Answers – Wrong or Unexpected Output

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This set of MATLAB Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Wrong or Unexpected Output”.

1. What is the output of the following code?

`cos(pi/2)`

a) 0
b) Close to 0
c) less than 0
d) Undefined

Explanation: We’ve not declared pi as symbolic. The value of pi stored in MATLAB results in a calculation of cos(pi/2) by approximation and hence, the value evaluated will be significantly close to 0 but not exactly 0. Hence, we should be careful while evaluating the values of such trigonometrical functions.
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2. What is the output of the following code?

`sprintf(“5%”)`

a) “5”
b) “5%”
c) 5
d) 5%

Explanation: To print the % as a character, we need to use %% within the sprintf function. Here, we haven’t used it twice so only 5 would get printed.
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3. Why isn’t the answer 10.230?

```>> sprintf("%1.3d", 10.23)
ans =
"1.023e+01"```

a) We’ve used %d
b) We’ve used “”
c) Character arrays are like this

Explanation: If we had used %f, the answer would’ve been 10.230 since the number gets defined as a floating point number. But here, %d defines the number as an integer so the output becomes different.

4. How many times will the loop run?

```for i={1:.1:5}
p=p+1;
end```

a) 50
b) Infinite
c) 0
d) 1

Explanation: The control will exit the loop after the first iteration only so the loop never runs. This is because p is not defined previously or inside the loop.

5. What is the output of the following code?

```A=[1 2 3 0; 4 5 6 8; 1 2 3 4; 1 3 4 5 ; 4 0 0 0 ];
length(A)```

a) 5
b). 4
c) 5*4
d) 4*5

Explanation: The length function would return the highest length it finds in the input vector. Since, the input vector has 5 columns and 4 rows, it will return 5.

6. What will be the result after we press Return?

```>> input('Ro !')
Ro ! Ho !```

a) ans= Ho !
b) Error
c) No such command named input
d) Cannot be determined

Explanation: The input() command only takes values as input i.e. it won’t take characters as input. Hence, when we press Return, there will be an error.

7. A student wants to find the following limit
but he writes the following code
limit(1-cos(2*x)/x^2,x,0)
What will he get?
a) a2/2!
b) a2/2
c) Error
d) -Inf

Explanation: He has written it wrong. The entire function is to be divided by x2 but according to his code, only cos 2x gets divided by x2 and hence it yields -Inf.

8. How long will ‘Hola !’ get printed?

```>>input(‘Hola !’)
Hola !```

a) Until a value is given as an input
b) Until a character is given as an input
c) Until anything is given as an input
d) Once

Explanation: The input command really starts an infinite loop. This means that until we give a value as an input, it’ll keep on printing ‘Hola !’- it’ll give an error if we give a character as an input.

9. What is the output of the following code?

```syms x
limit(1/-x,x,-0)```

a) NaN
b) Inf
c) 0
d) Syntactical error

Explanation: The bidirectional limit does not exist at x=0. It should not be expected that the answer is Infinite because the limit is infinite if we approach x=0 from left or right while we say that it does not exist at x=0.

10. Why did the following happen?

```>> p
p =
"10"
>> p+1
ans =
"101"```

a) p is a character array
b) p is binary
c) Error
d) Cannot be determined

Explanation: It’s seen that p=”10” which signifies that p is a character array only. Hence, adding 1 to it is merely adding another element into the character array so one shouldn’t expect it to be 11.

11. Why di the following happen?

```>> sprintf("   %   ")
ans =
"  "```

a) Error
b) % is not recognized
c) % is an operator
d) Cannot be determined

Explanation: To print a ‘%’, we need to put ’%%’ within the double quotes while in the above case, we observe ‘%’. This is not recognized by the sprintf command and so, the output is a blank character array.

12. What is the output of the following code?

`det([1 2 3; 4 5 6; 7 8 9])`

a) Error
b). 0
c) -0
d) A very small value

Explanation: Any determinant in MATLAB is calculated using the LU decomposition method which eventually results in rounding off errors in case of singular matrices. Since the given matrix is singular, it will give a very small value.

13. What is the output of the following code?

``` >> { 1 2}
ans =
1*2 cell array
[1]   [2]
>> ans+{3 4}```

a) { 1 2 3 4}
b)

```     { 1 2
3 4}```

c) { 4 6}
d) Error

Explanation: Cellular arrays cannot be added in MATLAB. Hence the above code will result in an error. if the arrays were within [], the would’ve been simple 1d vectors which could be easily added.

14. What is the output of the following code?

`tf2zp({1 2}, {2 1})`

a) 0
b) Returns the zeros and poles of the transfer function (s+2)/(2s+1)
c) Syntactical Error
d) Logical Error

Explanation: The input to the tf2zp command cannot be cellular arrays. But we’ve used {} in the above code and this leads to a syntactical error in MATLAB.

15. What is the output of the following code?

`syms ‘t’,’p’;`

a) Both t and p are defined as symbolic
b) Only t gets defined as symbolic
c) Only p gets defined as symbolic
d) Nothing happens

Explanation: There is a syntactical error in using syms. Only t gets defined while p gets initialized to the ans variable so it’s not defined as symbolic. This is due to the ‘ , ‘ present which leads to this error, we must remove them, to declare multiple characters as symbolic variables.

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